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Korea: Culture and Tradition


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Published in: Self Improvement, Travel
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Korea: Culture and Tradition

  1. 1. Introducing Korea! Jesullyna C. Manuel English Teacher Justice Cecilia Munoz Palma High School Grade VIII
  2. 2. Where is Korea Located?  Korea is located on the continent of Asia. Can you find Asia on the world map?
  3. 3. Where is Korea Located?  Now let’s find Korea!
  4. 4. What kind of clothing is worn in Korea?  Today people in Korea dress much like we do.  Traditional Korean clothing has been around for many, many years.  What do you think the word “traditional” means?
  5. 5. What kind of clothing is worn in Korea?  A traditional dress for a woman is called a hanbok.  A hanbok has a short jacket called a jeogori and a long skirt called a chima.  Can you point out the jeogori and chima in the photograph? Jeogori Chima
  6. 6. What kind of clothing is worn in Korea?  Men also wore a jeogori, but theirs was much longer.  Men wore baggy pants, which were comfortable to wear when farming and sitting on the floor.
  7. 7. a) Traditional Hanbok  The Upper class wore lots of red, yellow, blue, blac k  These representfire, earth, water, met al, and wood  Commoners wore white except for festivals and special occasions
  8. 8. b) Male Hanbok
  9. 9. c) Modern Clothing  Many Koreans dress up for work or school  Many Korean schools require uniforms to help students focus on academics and not fashion  More and more American fashions are making their way to Korea. On the weekends, Koreans wear jeans, tee-shirts, and the latest fashions.
  10. 10. What kind of food is eaten in Korea?  In Korea, rice is eaten with almost every meal. Sometimes it is mixed with vegetables or meats.  What kinds of foods do you eat?
  11. 11. What kind of food is eaten in Korea?  Another food that is eaten with almost every meal in Korea is called kimchi. Kimchi is a spicy food made of vegetables. Many times cabbage is used to make kimchi, but sometimes other vegetables are used.
  12. 12. What kind of food is eaten in Korea?  In Korea, dinner tables look different than they do in the United States. Everyone gets their own rice or soup dish, and everyone shares many different side dishes. The side dishes are spread over the whole table.
  13. 13. I. Korean Food  Korean food consists of many small dishes usually a variety of vegetables and plenty of rice. At times meat will be served that’s usually marinated and is usually called Korean BBQ. Koreans also enjoy several types of fish.  Traditionally, Koreans sit on the floor and eat with chopsticks.  
  14. 14. a) Kimchi  Fermented dish made of vegetables  The most common dishes are pickled cabbage, cucumbers, or radishes  It is also the most common side dish  Many times kimchi is featured in soups, rice, and stews  Kimchi is stored and fermented in large jars outside of the home
  15. 15. b) Common Ingredients      Red chili paste, bean paste, and soy bean paste Ginger, garlic, salt Sesame oil & soy sauce short grain rice Pepper flakes
  16. 16. c) Famous Dishes  Bibimbap- plenty of vegetables including bean sprouts, spinach, mus hrooms, cucumbers, onions, carrots, and one fried egg  Korean chicken ginseng soup- to cool & rejuvenate the body during summer
  17. 17. What kinds of sports are played in Korea?  Koreans enjoy many of the same sports we do. Baseball for example is very popular. Seoul, the capital of South Korea, even has three baseball teams!  What sports do you like to play?
  18. 18. What kinds of sports are played in Korea?  There are also many interesting traditional Korean games. You may have heard of tae kwon do, which is one type of martial arts. Many people in Korea enjoy tae kwon do.
  19. 19. What kinds of sports are played in Korea?  Another traditional Korean past time is kite flying. Many Koreans enjoy flying kites, not just children. Many people fly kites on special holidays.  Have you learned about kites before?
  20. 20. Are schools in Korea the same as our schools?  In Korea, education is very important! Students study very hard so they can go to good colleges. Students in Korea go to school for many hours a daysometimes from 7am to 3 or 4 pm.
  21. 21. Are schools in Korea the same as our schools?  After going to school all day, many students go home for a little while and then go back to school, sometimes until midnight! These night schools are called academies.
  22. 22. Are schools in Korea the same as our schools?  Some students go to a special school, such as the Goyang Foreign Language High School. Students here go to school two Saturdays a month and study several foreign languages.
  23. 23. Are schools in Korea the same as our schools?  Students in Korea have to take a test to get into college, just like students in the United States. This test is very important, and students work hard to prepare themselves so they can go to college. More students go to college in Korea than anywhere else in the world.
  24. 24. III. Beliefs & Values  Korea is very religiously diverse  23% of Koreans are Buddhist  29% are Christian  Many Koreans do not officially have a religion however, they have many morals mostly originating from Confucianism
  25. 25. a) Buddhist Temples    Buddhism culturally diffused from China in 527 BC and was adopted by the Shilla kingdom Several temples are built throughout Korea and differ based on the sect of Buddhism practiced Some temples display prayer flags to remind people why they made a journey to the temple
  26. 26. b) Buddhist Bell The bell’s function is to drive away evil spirits  The sound the bell makes is the Buddha teaching dharma or the duties of every Buddhist  The bell symbolizes the attainment of wisdom and the understanding of emptiness 
  27. 27. c) Buddhism & the Dharma Wheel    The major beliefs in Buddhism are the Four Noble Truths and the Eight fold Path The wheel or dharma wheel represents the path of Buddhism The eight spokes represent the right behaviors or Eight fold Path to reach nirvana
  28. 28. d) Buddhism  Buddhism is a major religion or philosophy in Korea  Several temples are dedicated to Buddha and serve as a place to worship, pray, and meditate
  29. 29. e) Christianity    About 18% of Koreans are Protestant consisting mostly of Presbyterian and Methodist, introduced in 1784 About 11% of Koreans are Roman Catholic, which was introduced by the French in 1784 Korea is the second largest Christian community in all of Asia
  30. 30. f) Confucianism     Confucianism serves as more of a philosophy or way of life rather than a religion in Korea Confucianism was most influential during the Choson Dynasty and continues to impact Korea today People are taught to respect their elders called filial piety and education is extremely important People are taught that everyone has responsibilities based on their age and/or gender, all people should be good citizens, and overall people should do the right thing
  31. 31. g) Confucian Exams      In ancient times, men of all ages competed for government jobs by taking exams These civil service exams were based on the life of Confucius, his teachings, and modeled after the Chinese exams Men studied for years to take and pass these exams in order to obtain the honor to work for the government The exams were given three times a year and your teacher gained great honor if his pupil passed the exam Even today, Korea honors their yangban or government officials from the past and have honored these scholars on their currency
  32. 32. V. Korean Entertainment- Baseball    Going to the ball park in Korea is an exciting experience Everyone cheers for their team and beats their thunder sticks when a great play happens Buy some squid, sushi, or KFC and it will be a true Korean Baseball game experience
  33. 33. a) Korean Baseball Organization was founded in 1981   Fans cheer for favorite teams including the Lotte Giants, Samsung Lions, LG Twins, Doosan Bears, Kia Tigers The most famous player is Lee Da- Ho. He earned a world record by hitting a home run in nine consecutive games.
  34. 34. b) Shopping  Many Koreans love to shop at outdoor markets including Dongdaemun & Insadong Market  They have everything from shoes to shirts to toys and food
  35. 35. V. Education  Koreans believe that education is the key to success.  A great education means you will earn yourself a wonderful and rewarding job in which you can provide for your family and be an intricate part of the Korean economic boom.  Education is stressed in the home and many believe that Confucianism is the driving force behind this success driven society.
  36. 36. a) Levels of Education      Primary school- 6 years Middle school- 3 years High school- 3 years General High School, vocational high school, science high school, or specialized high school You must be accepted into a particular high school, therefore your grades are key
  37. 37. b) Education is EXTREMELY Important   Many Korean families push their children to achieve and want them to attend college and earn a degree Course grades in the five topics including health, expression, langu age, exploration, society affect your college opportunities
  38. 38. VI. Occupations  As with any country, Korea has several occupations to choose from  Many people choose to work for one of the three major companies; Hyundai, LG, or Samsung  Others become teachers and gain enormous respect  All boys must serve in the military for two years and some men make this a career
  39. 39. a) Industries Rule South Korea  Samsung produces cell phones, TV’s, flash drives, and computers  LG produces several TV’s and cell phones  These industries offer excellent benefits including competitive salaries and college scholarships
  40. 40. Review  Where is Korea located?  What kind of clothing is worn in Korea?  What kind of food is eaten in Korea?  What sports are played in Korea?  How are schools in Korea different than schools in the Philippines?  Describe the culture and traditions of the Koreans.