Crea%ng	  a	  world-­‐class	  sustainable	  city	                                                    	          Klaus	  Bo...
Klaus Bondam•  Born 1963•  Civil servant•  Actor and theatre manager•  Member of the City Council in Copenhagen 2002 – 201...
Europe	  
The	  Oeresund	  Region•  The	  Oeresund	  Region	  (including	     Skaane	  in	  Sweden)	  =	  3,6	  mio.	     inhabitant...
Copenhagen	  -­‐	  Capital	  of	  Denmark	  
Our	  two	  main	  visions	  in	  Copenhagen	  
Ecometropolis                                   A	  Metropolis	  for	  People 	                                           ...
2015	  Metropolis	  for	  People	  goals	  :	    • By 2015, 80% of Copenhageners will be satisfied with the  opportunities...
World s	  best	  city	  for	  cycling	  (Ecometropolis)	  •  	  At	  least	  50%	  of	  people	  will	  go	  to	  their	  ...
A	  clean	  and	  healthy	  major	  city	  (Ecometropolis)	  •  Copenhageners	  should	  be	  able	  to	  sleep	  peaceful...
A	  green	  and	  blue	  capital	  city	  (Ecometropolis)	  	  •  90%	  of	  Copenhageners	  should	  be	  able	  to	  wal...
Climate	  Capital	  (Ecometropolis)	  •  A	  reducSon	  in	  Copenhagen s	  CO2	  emissions	  of	  at	  least	  20%	     c...
Copenhagen	  Modal	  Split	  -­‐	  All	  Trips	  (2006)	  
Why	  do	  Copenhageners	  cycle	  ?	  	  	  	  	  It’s	  faster                                     	  	  	  	  	  	  	  ...
What	  Copenhageners	  like	  about	  cycling?	                             Feel	  good!	                             De-­...
Climate	  change	  benefit	  in	  Copenhagen…	  • 90,000	  Tons	  CO2	  saved	  annually	  (compared	  to	  the	  same	  nu...
Health	  effects	  •  Physically	  ac%ve	  individuals	  live	                                       •  Children	  that	  c...
Cycling	  figures	  in	  hard	  cash	  •    When a person chooses to cycle this is a clear gain for society of 0,2     USD ...
Health	  benefits	  from	  a	  10%	  increase	  in	  cycling	  Annual	  savings	  will	  be	  :	  	  	  	  •  Healthcare	  ...
Poli%cal	  incen%ves	  Less	  conges%on	  	  Beeer	  environment	  	  Improved	  health	  	  Easy	  to	  achieve	  results...
What	  will	  it	  take	  ?…	  Improved	  infrastructure	  	  network	  +	  facili%es	  	  comfort	  measures	  	  campaig...
New	  Urban	  Developments	  
Mobility	  in	  new	  urban	  developments 	  	  •    Prepare	  for	  easy	  access	  to	  cycle	  infrastructure	  +	  pu...
The	  target	  is	  a	  liveable,	  sustainable	  city.	  A	  city	  is	  not	  just	  about	  the	  enviroment.	  It s	  ...
Thank	  you	  for	  your	  aeen%on	    –	  see	  you	  i	  Copenghagen	            klaus@bondam.dk	  	  
Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city
Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city
Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city
Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city
Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city
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Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city

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Klaus bondamcreating a_world-class_sustainable_city

  1. 1. Crea%ng  a  world-­‐class  sustainable  city     Klaus  Bondam,  Director  at  The  Danish  Cultural  Ins%tute/Benelux   Birmingham,  Novemer  1.  2011  
  2. 2. Klaus Bondam•  Born 1963•  Civil servant•  Actor and theatre manager•  Member of the City Council in Copenhagen 2002 – 2010•  Mayor for the Technical and Environmental Administration 2006 – 2009•  Mayor for the Employment and Integration Administration 2010•  Director of the Danish Cultural Institute/Benelux based in Brussels.•  www.bondam.dk / www.dkibenelux.org
  3. 3. Europe  
  4. 4. The  Oeresund  Region•  The  Oeresund  Region  (including   Skaane  in  Sweden)  =  3,6  mio.   inhabitants  (DK;  2,4  +  S;  1,2)    •  The  Greater  Copenhagen  Region  =   1,8  mio.  inhabitants  •  The  City  of  Copenhagen  =  0,51  mio   (  +  1000  new  inhabitants  monthly  •  10  comunity  districts    •  88,25  km2.  •  Founded  1167  ad  
  5. 5. Copenhagen  -­‐  Capital  of  Denmark  
  6. 6. Our  two  main  visions  in  Copenhagen  
  7. 7. Ecometropolis A  Metropolis  for  People    Climate  Capital   More  urban  life  for  all      World s  best  city  for  cycling   More  people  walk  more      A  green  and  blue  capital  city   More  people  staying  longer    A  clean  and  healthy  major  city    
  8. 8. 2015  Metropolis  for  People  goals  :   • By 2015, 80% of Copenhageners will be satisfied with the opportunities they have for taking part in urban life • By 2015, the amount of pedestrian traffic will be 20% more than pedestrian mode share today • By 2015, Copenhageners will spend 20% more time in urban spaces than they do today
  9. 9. World s  best  city  for  cycling  (Ecometropolis)  •   At  least  50%  of  people  will  go  to  their  work  or  educaSonal   insStuSon  in  Copenhagen  by  bike.  (today  36  %)    •  The  number  of  seriously  injured  cyclists  in  Copenhagen  to  be   halved  compared  to  today.  (To  day  118  cyclists  a  year)    •  At  least  80%  of  cyclists  in  Copenhagen  to  feel  safe  and  secure   in  traffic.  (To  day  58  %)      
  10. 10. A  clean  and  healthy  major  city  (Ecometropolis)  •  Copenhageners  should  be  able  to  sleep  peacefully,  free  from  noise  harmful  to  health   from  street  traffic.  All  schools  and  insStuSons  should  be  subject  to  only  low  traffic-­‐ noise  level.  (There  are  no  current  measurements  taken  of  traffic-­‐noise  levels  at  night.   Measured  on  a  round-­‐the-­‐clock  basis,  about  40,000  dwellings  are  subject  to  excessive   noise  levels.  Today,  about  10  schools  and  20  insJtuJons  are  subject  to  noise  from   street  traffic.  Even  more,  however,  are  esJmated  to  be  subject  to  more  than  a  low   noise  level,  that  is  to  say  more  than  55  dB.)  •  The  air  should  be  so  clean  that  Copenhageners  health  will  not  be  damaged.    (Like  the  vast  majority  of  big  European  ciJes,  Copenhagen  also  finds  it  difficult  to  live   up  to  the  air  quality  specificaJons  for  nitrous  dioxide  (NO2)  and  large  parJcles  -­‐   PM10)    •  There  should  be  at  least  20%  ecological  food  in  the  city s  food  consumpSon.    (About  7%  naJonwide)  •  The  city  to  lead  the  way  with  at  least  90%  organic  food  in  its  insStuSons.  (45  %)  •  Copenhagen  should  be  Europe s  cleanest  capital  and  one  of  the  cleanest  capitals  in   the  world.  Rubbish  should  be  cleared  from  public  streets  within  eight  hours.    (Copenhagen  is  reckoned  to  be  amongst  the  top  third  of  the  cleanest  capitals  in   Europe.  Today,  in  the  inner  city,  36  hours  elapse  in  some  places  before  the  streets  are   cleaned.)          
  11. 11. A  green  and  blue  capital  city  (Ecometropolis)    •  90%  of  Copenhageners  should  be  able  to  walk  to  a  park,  a   beach,  a  natural  area  or  sea  swimming-­‐pool  in  under  15   minutes.  (To  day  about  60  %)    •  Copenhageners  will  be  visiSng  the  city s  parks,  natural  areas,   sea  swimming-­‐pools  and  beaches  twice  as  o[en  as  today.   (Today,  Copenhageners  visit  the  city s  parks,  natural  areas,   sea  swimming-­‐pools  and  beaches  every  other  day,  and  stay   there  one  hour  on  average.)      
  12. 12. Climate  Capital  (Ecometropolis)  •  A  reducSon  in  Copenhagen s  CO2  emissions  of  at  least  20%   compared  to  today.  (Copenhagen  emits  a  combined  total  of   2.4m  tonnes  (2005  figures)  =  4.9  tonnes  per  inhabitant)    
  13. 13. Copenhagen  Modal  Split  -­‐  All  Trips  (2006)  
  14. 14. Why  do  Copenhageners  cycle  ?          It’s  faster                                    55%  It’s  more  convenient            33%  It’s  healthy                                              32%  It’s  cheap                                                    29%  ’Good  way  to  start  The  day’                                                        21%  Shortest  route  to  work    10%  Environment/climate              9%  
  15. 15. What  Copenhageners  like  about  cycling?   Feel  good!   De-­‐stress   Relaxing   Discovery   Lots  of  cycle  tracks   Seasons  
  16. 16. Climate  change  benefit  in  Copenhagen…  • 90,000  Tons  CO2  saved  annually  (compared  to  the  same  number  of  kilometers  by  car).      
  17. 17. Health  effects  •  Physically  ac%ve  individuals  live   •  Children  that  cycles  to  school  has  10   5  years  longer  than  inac%ve   %  beeer  physical  condi%on   individuals   •  Children  that  starts  cycling  at  9  years   of  age  -­‐  s%ll  has  almost  10%  beeer  •  Ac%ve  individuals  have  4  fewer   physical  condi%on   years  of  severe  illness  than   inac%ve  individuals   •  Adults  that  cycles  to  work  -­‐  or  every                        Traffitec  2006   day  -­‐  has  30%  lower  mortality  rate        Statements  from  survey  by:  Proffessor  Dr.  Med.    Lars  •  One  extra  kilometer  cycled  gives   Andersen,  Syddansk  Universitet  :   an  average  gain  in  health-­‐  and   produc%on-­‐related  benefits  of   about  1  USD.          Cowi  2008  
  18. 18. Cycling  figures  in  hard  cash  •  When a person chooses to cycle this is a clear gain for society of 0,2 USD per cycled kilometre. Conversly, society suffers a net loss of 0,1 USD per kilometre driven by car.•  In cost-benefit terms the health and life expectancy benefits of cycling are seven times greater that the accidents cost.•  The cost of a bicycle is 0,05 USD per cycled kilometre covering perchase price and mainenace. The equivalent cost for a car is 0,3 USD per driven kilometre. The City of Copenhagen (2008) using The Danish Ministry of Transports manual for calculating cost-benefit.
  19. 19. Health  benefits  from  a  10%  increase  in  cycling  Annual  savings  will  be  :        •  Healthcare  savings  $12  USD  mill  •   Reduced  produc%on  losses  $31  USD  mill  •   3.3%  drop  in  absence  from  work  •   61.000  extra  years  of  life  •   46.000  fewer  years  of  severe  illness  •   25.000  fewer  early  re%rements    (Traffitec  2006)    
  20. 20. Poli%cal  incen%ves  Less  conges%on    Beeer  environment    Improved  health    Easy  to  achieve  results    Cheap  and  visible  effectsPublic  opinion  is  in  favour!
  21. 21. What  will  it  take  ?…  Improved  infrastructure    network  +  facili%es    comfort  measures    campaigning      school  travel  measures    innova%on    urban  developments    
  22. 22. New  Urban  Developments  
  23. 23. Mobility  in  new  urban  developments    •  Prepare  for  easy  access  to  cycle  infrastructure  +  public  transport  •  Keep  modal  split  like  the  rest  of  the  city  (at  least  1/3  on  bikes)  •  Car  parking  only  in  construc%on  •  Low  speed  limits  and  integra%on  of  car  free  areas    •  Mandatory  bicycle  parking  facili%es  in  new  developments:         »  housing                2,5  parking  place  per  100  m2   »  workplaces      1,5  parking  place  per  100m2   »  shops                        3  parling  places  per  100m2   »  educa%onal    0,5  parking  places  per  student  
  24. 24. The  target  is  a  liveable,  sustainable  city.  A  city  is  not  just  about  the  enviroment.  It s  also  about  social  sustainability,  quality  of  life.    Our  vision  is  that  a  city  is  a  place  where  people  can  see  and  meet  each  other.      To  ojen  the  objec%ve  of  urban  planning  seems  to  be  traffic  flow,  Traffic  is  not  the  target.  Traffic  is  part  of  city  life,  not  the  other  way  arround.            Helle  Søholt,  partner  Gehl  Architects.    
  25. 25. Thank  you  for  your  aeen%on   –  see  you  i  Copenghagen   klaus@bondam.dk    

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