TOP CENTRES  DOWN UNDER Implementing Visions for City Centres Rod Duncan  State Government of Victoria - Priority Developm...
<ul><li>TOP CENTRES DOWN UNDER:  </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing Visions for City Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Antipodean cont...
<ul><li>ANTIPODEAN CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Admire & aspire to a European lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Inherit a British c...
<ul><li>LIKE OUR WINES … </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstrained by tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from the best + free to inno...
<ul><li>ISSUES & IMPERATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Highly urbanised nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth of plenty  – distance and ...
An unsustainable global footprint
<ul><li>Unsustainable environmentally </li></ul><ul><li>Economically unviable  – ‘whole  of life’ costs; geographic exclus...
<ul><li>Strong multi-functional hubs of human activity  – a key part  of the urban transformation solution </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>City centre initiatives  – regional cities & towns, metropolitan suburban </li></ul><ul><li>Common themes - </li><...
Wellington, NZ Public spaces
Public spaces Sparta Place - Brunswick, Victoria
Public spaces Reddacliff Place - Brisbane, Queensland
Public spaces Cuba Street Mall – Wellington, NZ
Public spaces Taylor Square - Paddington, NSW
Public spaces Maddern Square – Footscray, Victoria
Public spaces Bendigo, Victoria
Wellington, NZ Public spaces
Public spaces Woolongabba, Brisbane, Queensland
Public spaces Circular Quay, Sydney, NSW
Public spaces Hastings, NZ
Public spaces Hastings, NZ
Public spaces Hastings, NZ
Street works Taupo, NZ
Public spaces Hamilton, NZ
Public spaces Palmerston North, NZ
Public spaces
Public spaces Palmerston North, NZ
Street works Tauranga, NZ
Street works Mackay, Queensland
Parramatta, NSW Street works
Street works Hamilton, NZ
Street works Queens Street, Brisbane, Queensland
Street works Bendigo, Victoria
Street works Bendigo, Victoria
Street works South Terrace, Fremantle, WA
Street works Christchurch, NZ
Street works Christchurch, NZ
Street works Wodonga, Victoria
Street works Wodonga, Victoria
Public art Perth, WA
Public art Hamilton, NZ
Dandenong, Victoria Public art
Public art Onehunga, New Zealand
Public art Federation Square - Melbourne, Victoria
Public art Werribee, Victoria
Public art Car park lifts - Dandenong, Victoria
Public art Brisbane, Queensland
Public art Wellington, NZ
Public art Wellington, NZ  Auckland, NZ
Public art Palmerston North, NZ
Street life South Terrace, Fremantle, WA
Street life Bendigo, Victoria
Street life Cuba Street Mall – Wellington, NZ
Street life Bendigo, Victoria
Reconnecting with waterfronts Wellington, NZ
Reconnecting with waterfronts Geelong, Victoria
Reconnecting with waterfronts Airlie Beach, Queensland
Reconnecting with waterfronts Lagoon - Airlie Beach, Queensland
Reconnecting with waterfronts Hamilton, NZ
Heritage restoration & pride Rockhampton, Queensland
Bendigo - 1992
Bendigo - 2008
Bendigo - 1992
Bendigo - 2008
Mackay, Qld Cultural catalyst
Cultural catalyst Mackay, Qld
Library - Albury, NSW Cultural catalyst
Morwell, Victoria Public investment catalyst
TAFE College - Warrnambool, Victoria Public investment catalyst
RMIT University – Melbourne, Victoria Public investment catalyst
Exhibition Centre - Mackay, Queensland Public investment catalyst
Brisbane, Queensland Public investment catalyst
Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
Wanganui, NZ Governance
Public toilet – Wanganui, NZ Governance
Demonstration precedents Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland
Mixed use infill - Karangahape Road, Auckland Demonstration precedents
Demonstration precedents Retail insertion – Nelson, NZ
Demonstration precedents Retail insertion – Nelson, NZ
Claisebrook, WA Demonstration precedents
But then … Fremantle, WA When one consideration dominates, the outcome is usually inferior.
<ul><li>Initiatives are frequently still segmented  between professions or responsibilities  – but centres are complex, in...
Bendigo City Centre Program Strengthening Bendigo’s Heart
Bendigo Sydney Melbourne
150 km Extensive hinterland
<ul><li>Bendigo CBD Plan  – the vision (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Key Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcing the CBD as the ce...
<ul><li>‘ Place Manager’ role - </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and methods </li></ul><ul><li>Senior position, no supervised s...
Planning Infrastructure Economic Development Place Management ‘ Vision-led, Joined-up, Place-based’
Chief Executive Officer INFRASTRUCTURE / Engineering COMMUNITY SERVICES ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT SERVICES CITY STRATEGY PLAN...
Planning Human Services Economic  Development Engineering Arts & Culture Investment Environment CONVENTIONAL SEGMENTATION ...
SEGMENTATION  can become FRAGMENTATION
Planning Human Services Economic  Development Engineering Arts & Culture Investment Environment Business
Planning Human Services Economic  Development Engineering Arts & Culture Environment Place-based strategy & delivery SUPPL...
<ul><li>Example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Brokering a new public institution </li></ul><ul><li>Federal trade training centre at...
 
Council offices Town Hall St Andrews Church
 
Council’s frail aged care facility removed for the trade college … …  was a converted funeral parlour.  A bonus ‘dignity d...
<ul><li>Example 2: </li></ul><ul><li>An Australian first in ‘shared space’ </li></ul><ul><li>Strong objective for ‘pedestr...
 
 
 
 
Hargreaves Street – Concept Plan
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Example 3: </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofitting a past mistake </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Box in car park’ shopping mall on edg...
Marketplace shopping centre Railway Station Retail Core
 
 
Mitchell Street Edward Street Railway Station Marketplace shopping centre Car park
 
 
<ul><li>Questions & discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Further information: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>...
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Delivering Quality Cities: A View from down under- Rod Duncan June 2010

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Slides to support a lecture from Rod Duncan on how towns and cities in Australia and New Zealand are resolving urban design issues with lessons for the UK

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  • Development facilitation what’s been happening and why, including some of the tools/approaches in use or under development, as well as some good practice examples
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Planners as urban change agents. Across the world recognition of the importance and changing role of cities. Federal Governmnet now recognising cities as engine house of economy – threat of congestion and city structure to ‘productivity. And importance of getting 21 st Century infrastructure into city structure From 3.7 million Melburnians to 5.5million by 2036 600,000 or 50% more dwellings in 15% of the time 287,000 or 54% more lone households One in five (20%) over 65 years The new baby boom (2008 was the 2 nd highest since 1971) 50% construction industry is over 50yrs Productivity costs of congestion estimated at $3billion, increasing to $6.1billion by 2020 Rate of car dependency exceeding population growth Car own and operation costs $5,000 to $10,000/yr (RACV 2002) impacts affordability 1hr travel each way is 3 months less work life balance per year One day work from home (teleworking) is 20% less work travel and reduces peak movements
  • Delivering Quality Cities: A View from down under- Rod Duncan June 2010

    1. 1. TOP CENTRES DOWN UNDER Implementing Visions for City Centres Rod Duncan State Government of Victoria - Priority Development Panel Professor-elect of Urban Planning, Deakin University
    2. 2. <ul><li>TOP CENTRES DOWN UNDER: </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing Visions for City Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Antipodean context – issues & imperatives </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of practice and examples from around Australia and New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>A case study in integrated implementation – Bendigo City Centre Program </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and discussion </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>ANTIPODEAN CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Admire & aspire to a European lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Inherit a British colonial urban form (grid layout, broad streets) </li></ul><ul><li>Seduced by American car culture & suburbia in C20 th </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse cultural variety & rapid population growth </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>LIKE OUR WINES … </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstrained by tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from the best + free to innovate </li></ul><ul><li>Mix and match – explore new blends and methods </li></ul><ul><li>Some outstanding results … and some dismal failures </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>ISSUES & IMPERATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Highly urbanised nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth of plenty – distance and area are constants </li></ul><ul><li>‘ If we spread out thinly we can all drive everywhere’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Access poverty’, gridlock and car-dependent vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Public transport weak, basic services dispersed – no parachute </li></ul>
    6. 6. An unsustainable global footprint
    7. 7. <ul><li>Unsustainable environmentally </li></ul><ul><li>Economically unviable – ‘whole of life’ costs; geographic exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy – obesity, social isolation epidemics predicted </li></ul><ul><li>Imperative of urban transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of retrofitting cities </li></ul>Our DENSITY is our DESTINY
    8. 8. <ul><li>Strong multi-functional hubs of human activity – a key part of the urban transformation solution </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive – not just ‘pretty’ </li></ul><ul><li>Attract activity – people – investment – jobs – living </li></ul><ul><li>Quality places as catalyst (rather than push density & hope) </li></ul>CENTRES of ATTRACTION
    9. 9. <ul><li>City centre initiatives – regional cities & towns, metropolitan suburban </li></ul><ul><li>Common themes - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical works , streetscapes, public spaces, amenity, public art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconnecting with setting: waterfronts, rivers, parks, promenades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access & circulation: pedestrian priority, traffic taming, active transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalyst projects: public facilities, cultural drawcards, conference venues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transit catalyst / infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance & delivery models </li></ul></ul>EXAMPLES around AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND
    10. 10. Wellington, NZ Public spaces
    11. 11. Public spaces Sparta Place - Brunswick, Victoria
    12. 12. Public spaces Reddacliff Place - Brisbane, Queensland
    13. 13. Public spaces Cuba Street Mall – Wellington, NZ
    14. 14. Public spaces Taylor Square - Paddington, NSW
    15. 15. Public spaces Maddern Square – Footscray, Victoria
    16. 16. Public spaces Bendigo, Victoria
    17. 17. Wellington, NZ Public spaces
    18. 18. Public spaces Woolongabba, Brisbane, Queensland
    19. 19. Public spaces Circular Quay, Sydney, NSW
    20. 20. Public spaces Hastings, NZ
    21. 21. Public spaces Hastings, NZ
    22. 22. Public spaces Hastings, NZ
    23. 23. Street works Taupo, NZ
    24. 24. Public spaces Hamilton, NZ
    25. 25. Public spaces Palmerston North, NZ
    26. 26. Public spaces
    27. 27. Public spaces Palmerston North, NZ
    28. 28. Street works Tauranga, NZ
    29. 29. Street works Mackay, Queensland
    30. 30. Parramatta, NSW Street works
    31. 31. Street works Hamilton, NZ
    32. 32. Street works Queens Street, Brisbane, Queensland
    33. 33. Street works Bendigo, Victoria
    34. 34. Street works Bendigo, Victoria
    35. 35. Street works South Terrace, Fremantle, WA
    36. 36. Street works Christchurch, NZ
    37. 37. Street works Christchurch, NZ
    38. 38. Street works Wodonga, Victoria
    39. 39. Street works Wodonga, Victoria
    40. 40. Public art Perth, WA
    41. 41. Public art Hamilton, NZ
    42. 42. Dandenong, Victoria Public art
    43. 43. Public art Onehunga, New Zealand
    44. 44. Public art Federation Square - Melbourne, Victoria
    45. 45. Public art Werribee, Victoria
    46. 46. Public art Car park lifts - Dandenong, Victoria
    47. 47. Public art Brisbane, Queensland
    48. 48. Public art Wellington, NZ
    49. 49. Public art Wellington, NZ Auckland, NZ
    50. 50. Public art Palmerston North, NZ
    51. 51. Street life South Terrace, Fremantle, WA
    52. 52. Street life Bendigo, Victoria
    53. 53. Street life Cuba Street Mall – Wellington, NZ
    54. 54. Street life Bendigo, Victoria
    55. 55. Reconnecting with waterfronts Wellington, NZ
    56. 56. Reconnecting with waterfronts Geelong, Victoria
    57. 57. Reconnecting with waterfronts Airlie Beach, Queensland
    58. 58. Reconnecting with waterfronts Lagoon - Airlie Beach, Queensland
    59. 59. Reconnecting with waterfronts Hamilton, NZ
    60. 60. Heritage restoration & pride Rockhampton, Queensland
    61. 61. Bendigo - 1992
    62. 62. Bendigo - 2008
    63. 63. Bendigo - 1992
    64. 64. Bendigo - 2008
    65. 65. Mackay, Qld Cultural catalyst
    66. 66. Cultural catalyst Mackay, Qld
    67. 67. Library - Albury, NSW Cultural catalyst
    68. 68. Morwell, Victoria Public investment catalyst
    69. 69. TAFE College - Warrnambool, Victoria Public investment catalyst
    70. 70. RMIT University – Melbourne, Victoria Public investment catalyst
    71. 71. Exhibition Centre - Mackay, Queensland Public investment catalyst
    72. 72. Brisbane, Queensland Public investment catalyst
    73. 73. Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
    74. 74. Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
    75. 75. Transport-based catalyst Subiaco, WA
    76. 76. Wanganui, NZ Governance
    77. 77. Public toilet – Wanganui, NZ Governance
    78. 78. Demonstration precedents Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Queensland
    79. 79. Mixed use infill - Karangahape Road, Auckland Demonstration precedents
    80. 80. Demonstration precedents Retail insertion – Nelson, NZ
    81. 81. Demonstration precedents Retail insertion – Nelson, NZ
    82. 82. Claisebrook, WA Demonstration precedents
    83. 83. But then … Fremantle, WA When one consideration dominates, the outcome is usually inferior.
    84. 84. <ul><li>Initiatives are frequently still segmented between professions or responsibilities – but centres are complex, inter-dependent organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated delivery of an integrated vision – pursuit of a ‘joined-up’ model for accelerated change </li></ul><ul><li>Bendigo CBD Plan – a strong, unified vision for ‘strengthening the heart’ of a thriving regional capital </li></ul><ul><li>Bendigo City Centre Program – a State / local initiative exploring a multi-faceted approach to implementation of the shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Successes and lessons </li></ul>INTEGRATED IMPLEMENTATION – A case study
    85. 85. Bendigo City Centre Program Strengthening Bendigo’s Heart
    86. 86. Bendigo Sydney Melbourne
    87. 87. 150 km Extensive hinterland
    88. 88. <ul><li>Bendigo CBD Plan – the vision (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Key Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcing the CBD as the centre of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrating cultural and heritage identity </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an access ible place </li></ul><ul><li>Design ing a high quality urban environment </li></ul>
    89. 89. <ul><li>‘ Place Manager’ role - </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and methods </li></ul><ul><li>Senior position, no supervised staff, broad brief </li></ul><ul><li>Contract period: ‘sprint not marathon’ (energy v durability issue) </li></ul><ul><li>Located in small Strategy division, not within major (often rival) planning or delivery divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Complementing internal roles rather than competing </li></ul><ul><li>Influence through legitimacy, not formal authority </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive relations with external interests (stimulating & influencing proposals at conceptual stage) </li></ul>
    90. 90. Planning Infrastructure Economic Development Place Management ‘ Vision-led, Joined-up, Place-based’
    91. 91. Chief Executive Officer INFRASTRUCTURE / Engineering COMMUNITY SERVICES ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT SERVICES CITY STRATEGY PLANNING & REGULATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (inc. cultural) City Centre Program Manager
    92. 92. Planning Human Services Economic Development Engineering Arts & Culture Investment Environment CONVENTIONAL SEGMENTATION into SPECIALIST FIELDS Business
    93. 93. SEGMENTATION can become FRAGMENTATION
    94. 94. Planning Human Services Economic Development Engineering Arts & Culture Investment Environment Business
    95. 95. Planning Human Services Economic Development Engineering Arts & Culture Environment Place-based strategy & delivery SUPPLEMENTARY MECHANISM integrating segments for a SPECIFIC PLACE The Place Investment Business
    96. 96. <ul><li>Example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Brokering a new public institution </li></ul><ul><li>Federal trade training centre attracted into identified civic & community precinct </li></ul><ul><li>Securing site certainty for quality design, scale and building parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Established a year quicker – election leverage </li></ul><ul><li>… and a bonus benefit </li></ul>
    97. 98. Council offices Town Hall St Andrews Church
    98. 100. Council’s frail aged care facility removed for the trade college … … was a converted funeral parlour. A bonus ‘dignity dividend’.
    99. 101. <ul><li>Example 2: </li></ul><ul><li>An Australian first in ‘shared space’ </li></ul><ul><li>Strong objective for ‘pedestrian-friendly’ centre </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of options globally (Rodney Tolley) </li></ul><ul><li>Bold Council and officers – ‘it makes sense, why not’ </li></ul><ul><li>National and international interest & publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Significant works now in place </li></ul><ul><li>Political caution now stalling roll-out </li></ul>
    100. 106. Hargreaves Street – Concept Plan
    101. 111. <ul><li>Example 3: </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofitting a past mistake </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Box in car park’ shopping mall on edge of centre </li></ul><ul><li>Major expansion plans – inward focus </li></ul><ul><li>Robust strategic plan to negotiate parameters and leverage public benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian street frontage now links Station & city </li></ul>
    102. 112. Marketplace shopping centre Railway Station Retail Core
    103. 115. Mitchell Street Edward Street Railway Station Marketplace shopping centre Car park
    104. 118. <ul><li>Questions & discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Further information: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.bendigo.vic.gov.au/citycentreprogram </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.dpcd.vic.gov.au </li></ul></ul></ul>

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