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Green Infrastructure- Adam Mindykowski, RTPI CPD

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Presentation from Adam Mindykowski.

RTPI West Midlands CPD event - 15/05/13

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Green Infrastructure- Adam Mindykowski, RTPI CPD

  1. 1. www.worcestershire.gov.ukGreen Infrastructure:Exploring Multi-functionalOpportunities for HeritageAssets and LandscapesAdam MindykowskiWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service
  2. 2. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service“Green infrastructure is thephysical environment withinand between our cities, townsand villages. It is a network ofmulti-functional open spaces,including formal parks,gardens, woodlands, greencorridors, waterways, streettrees and open countryside. Itcomprises all environmentalresources, and thus a greeninfrastructure approach alsocontributes towards sustainableresource management.”www.greeninfrastructure.eu"Green Infrastructure is thenetwork of green spaces andnatural elements thatintersperse and connect ourcities, towns and villages. It isthe open spaces, waterways,gardens, woodlands, greencorridors, wildlife habitats,street trees, natural heritageand open countryside.”The West Midlands GreenInfrastructure Prospectus (2003)Does the historic environment have a place in GreenInfrastructure planning?2
  3. 3. www.worcestershire.gov.uk3Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceENVIRONMENTLandscapeCharacterHistoric LandscapeCharacterUrbanCharacter
  4. 4. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Servicewww.greeninfrastructurenw.co.uk/Green Infrastructure North West: benefits and value of GI• As a setting for economic growth and investment, improving regional imageand a local sense of place• Increased property and land values• Attracts and retains people ensuring stable populations and labour supply• A focus for social inclusion, education, training, health and well-being• Landscape character and local distinctiveness, grounded in the principles ofLandscape Character Assessment• A framework for natural systems and functions that are ecologicallyfundamental to species and habitat viability, healthy soils, water and air• Reverses habitat fragmentation and increases biodiversity to restorefunctioning ecosystems and provide the fabric for sustainable living• Safeguard and enhance natural and historic assets• Contact between people and nature• Cohesive partnership working across disciplines and sectors• As a setting for economic growth and investment, improving regional imageand a local sense of place• Increased property and land values• Attracts and retains people ensuring stable populations and labour supply• A focus for social inclusion, education, training, health and well-being• Landscape character and local distinctiveness, grounded in the principles ofLandscape Character Assessment (should also include HLC)• A framework for natural systems and functions that are ecologicallyfundamental to species and habitat viability, healthy soils, water and air• Reverses habitat fragmentation and increases biodiversity to restorefunctioning ecosystems and provide the fabric for sustainable living• Safeguard and enhance natural and historic assets• Contact between people and nature• Cohesive partnership working across disciplines and sectors4
  5. 5. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceIn what ways can the Historic Environment contribute towards and benefitfrom multi-functional objectives in Green Infrastructure planning?Contributions• Historic hedgerows: landscape;habitat network• Designed landscapes or parts of:open space provision; locallydistinctive amenity; habitat• Ancient Semi-Natural Woodlands:amenity; habitat; flood attenuation• Ponds and designedwatercourses: habitat networks;sustainable drainage• Holloways “green lanes”: greenaccess network; wildlife corridorsBenefits• Buffers around assets: setting• Protection of wet sites, rivers; canals;ponds and wetlands:palaeoenvironmental deposits; organicstructures and artefacts• Protection of woodlands; hedgerows(replanting): HLC; woodlandarchaeology• Protection of designed landscapes:HLC; related assets• Open space; amenity provision:located to conserve below groundarchaeology or managed earthworks5
  6. 6. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire GI: our vision6Worcestershires high quality natural andhistoric environment will perform a multi-functional role. It will enable sustainablegrowth of the green economy, improve thecommunitys experience of natural and historicplaces, deliver benefits to health and well-being and under-pin the countys resilience toclimate change.Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service
  7. 7. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire GI PartnershipSteering GroupWorcestershire Wildlife Trust (chair – David Dench)Worcestershire County Council (secretariat)Natural EnglandPartnersBromsgrove District Council, English Heritage, Environment Agency, ForestryCommission, Malvern Hills District Council, Natural Englan, NHSRedditch Borough Council, Sustrans , Woodland Trust, Worcester City Council,Worcestershire Biological Records Centre, Wychavon District CouncilWyre Forest District CouncilTask and Finish GroupsData andNetworksCosting andDeliveryEconomy andSocietyCommunicationsWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service 7
  8. 8. www.worcestershire.gov.ukThe approachHierarchy from sub-region,district down to local level8Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceStrategic Level - Sub regionalapproach that identifies a series ofbroad Environmental CharacterAreas with defined objectives.District Level - Furtheranalysis is still requiredbut it is envisaged thatthis will identify anetwork of corridorsand hubs at a districtlevel that link acrossthe sub region.Site Based -Concept plansdeveloped toprovide a set ofguiding principlesto inform detailedmaster planning.Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service 8
  9. 9. www.worcestershire.gov.uk9HEAHistoric Environment AssessmentHLCHistoric LandscapeCharacterisationHERHistoricEnvironmentRecordHBWHistoricBuildings ofWorcestershireHFCHistoric FarmsteadsCharacterisationVHERAVillages HistoricEnvironmentResourceAssessmentSTRATEGICAREASITEFieldworkData and greyliteratureLANDSCAPESETTLEMENTLOCALITYWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceThe Historic Environment evidence base in Worcestershire
  10. 10. www.worcestershire.gov.ukThe definition of HistoricEnvironment Character Zonescreated from the combination ofkey HE and landscapeGIS data in 2009-10 (pre-HLC)• Historic Environment Record assets (non-designated)• Designated historic assets• Landscape Character Assessment (LDU)• Selected environmental themes (e.g.ASNW)• Historic Farmsteads Stage One data10Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceStrategic GI: the Historic Environment Assessment
  11. 11. www.worcestershire.gov.ukWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceStrategic Environmental Character Areas• combined environmental character:underpins multi-functionality• strategic GI corridors• Headline opportunities andconstraints11
  12. 12. www.worcestershire.gov.ukAnalysis of the Evidence Base12EnvironmentalCharacterAreasSocio-economiccontextHealthEconomyBlue Infraand FloodingClimatechangeGI AssetsWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service
  13. 13. www.worcestershire.gov.ukAssessing HE for district level GIWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceHEA sensitivity map:Bromsgrove District Council andRedditch Borough CouncilHEA: assessing broad sensitivityand informing policyHLC: underpinning siteassessments13
  14. 14. www.worcestershire.gov.ukA key objective for GI provision within site masterplanning should be the development ofopportunities to conserve HE features and landscapes; promote their contribution towards defininglocal identity and setting and their contribution to multi-functional benefits.GI and HE networks GI and HE open space/greenspaceGI and HE water featureshedgerows orchards pondsgreen lanes designed landscape water filled quarries and claypitscanals permanent pasture withearthworkscanals; leats; naturalwatercourses (often modifiedor associated with assets)disused railway lines land with significant belowground archaeologyWetlands: marsh, small bogslinking views to and fromassets: intra- and extra-siteancient woodlands ordistinctive plantationsmoated sitesaccess: historic routes;links to assets andlandscapes beyond thesitesetting of assets includinghistoric structures; buildingsand farmsteadsHistoric water managementfeatures and landscapes(SUDS?)Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceLocal site-based GI: concept plans and statements14
  15. 15. www.worcestershire.gov.ukHECZ148e Historic woodedlandscape settingaround parklandMedium Development will potentiallyimpact on historic woodlandsand historic hedgerows thatact as linkages, and the settingof Hewell GrangeHistoric field pattern / ancient woodlandsSetting for historic parklandEstablishing broad objectivesWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service 15
  16. 16. www.worcestershire.gov.ukKey HE Green Infrastructure opportunities for Brockhill, Worcestershire:Allocation of open space / recreation where this might afford protection to high value /sensitive below ground archaeologyProvision of interpretation to promote historic environment and land-use historyConservation, restoration and replanting of historic hedgerows and relic parkland tostrengthen Historic Landscape Character, which will also provide habitat links through thelandscape / between ASN woodlandsCreation of access and enhancement of existing Public Rights of Way network to providelinks to historic environment sites and distinctive landscapes beyond the developmentsite boundariesWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service 16
  17. 17. www.worcestershire.gov.ukNo GI Feature Functions1 Northern Boundary 1. Stream corridor and watermanagement2. Biodiversity3. Informal path network4. Connectivity with the widercountryside2 Roman Road Corridor 1. Water management and SUDS2. Historic environment3. Biodiversity4. Access5. Informal recreation3 Southern Boundary 1. Landscape links to the widercountryside2. Biodiversity3. Informal path network4 River Severn Corridor 1. Access2. Landscape connectivity with theriver corridor3. Biodiversity5 Significant Gap 1. Retain and enhance biodiversity2. Retain landscape features3. Informal access and recreation6 Central Corridor 1. Retain settings for historic buildings2. Views through the site3. Retain existing biodiversity4. Natural environment connectivity5. Access7 Southern Stream Corridor 1. Stream corridor and watermanagement2. Informal path network3. Connectivity4. BiodiversityHistoric EnvironmentRestore and utilise historic hedgerows to promote a sense of historic landscape characterand promote multi-functional benefits.Protect the setting of, and visual links, between historic farmsteads.Protect archaeology associated with the route of the Roman road. Promote the route ofthe Roman road as an historic access to Worcester as part of the site sustainabletransport network.Explore opportunities to locate open space where this can afford protection to earthworksand significant below ground archaeology identified during survey and/or evaluation.Protect well-preserved areas of medieval ridge and furrow, particularly in the eastern andsouth-eastern part of the site.Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology ServiceDetailed Green Infrastructure siteconcept plans17
  18. 18. www.worcestershire.gov.ukIdentification ofopportunities18Types of projectNew development such as housing and economic developmentLand management initiatives such as agri-environment and woodland grant schemesMinerals extraction and restorationInfrastructure developments such as renewable energy and waterFundingandviabilityPriorities and deliveryCommunity Land TrustsDelivering sustainable GIWorcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service

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