Trees in the Townscape- Nick Grayson

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26th September 2012

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Trees in the Townscape- Nick Grayson

  1. 1. Trees in the Townscape – Design Principles “Metanoia” • Nick Grayson • Climate Change & Sustainability Manager • Birmingham City Council • September 26th 2012TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 4,5 & 6
  2. 2. Sustainability Forum – June 11th 2012 RESILIENT CITIES "We the mayors and governors of the worlds leading cities. ask you to recognise that the future of our globe will be won or lost in the cities of the world." Copenhagen Climate Change communiqué, December 2009 •BRE Guide •Masdar •Biomimicry 3.8TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 4,
  3. 3. Trees in the Townscape – Design Principles4. Make Tree Friendly Places:Create places where tree species canthrive and deliver their full range ofbenefits without causing harmfulnuisance.5. Pick the Right Trees:Select and use trees appropriate totheir context.6. Seek Multiple Benefits:Harvest the full range of benefits treescan deliver as part of a local greeninfrastructure system, focusing on keylocal aspirations. “We will put natural capital at the centre of economic thinking; and at the heart of the way we measure economic progress.” NATURAL CAPITAL COMMITTEE
  4. 4. BUCCANEER – Birmingham Urban Climate Change Adaptation Neighborhood Estimates of Environmental RiskTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 4,
  5. 5. Trees in the Townscape – Design Principles Birmingham’s Green Commission Carbon Road Map Birmingham’s Energy Strategy 2050 •CO2 Reduction target of 60%; DECC review as Low Carbon Pioneer City •Birmingham Energy Savers £1.5bn investment retrofit Green Deal programme Energy Map for Birmingham •District Generation with Heat networks & Transport •Central Government – greening the grid targets •Sustainable Development Policy •– SUNN, Joseph Rowntree Foundation 2012TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 4,
  6. 6. Trees in the Townscape – Public Health Lancet July 2012TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 4,
  7. 7. Trees in the Townscape – Right Tree, Right PlaceSOILS:•Tree Nursery - ‘DunnemanSeedbed’;•Earth – 80% of global biomass;only 10% spp catalogued;•France – last ten years = yielddrops – 30 year period organiccontent 4% to 1.5%; (INRA,2,200 soil sample locations);•Woodland soil- one handful:-•10 billion bacteria;•1 million yeasts;•200,000 fungi;•10,000 protazoas Wellcome Image Awards 2012TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 5,
  8. 8. Trees in the Townscape – Right Tree, Right Place Two experimental ‘eco- scrapers’ To house as many trees as people! One ha of woodland per tower, over 27 floors; 700 trees, 5,000 shrubs, 11,000 plants; at 5% extra construction costs. Produce oxygen, filter dust, dampen noise, improving health & well being. Stefano Boeri Architetti “Bosco Verticale” - Milan.TREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 5,
  9. 9. Appendix 2. – Constituency Concept Plans Trees in the Townscape – Right Tree, Right Place Values Issues Solutions Integrated District PlansTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 5,
  10. 10. Principle Output & Policy Plan for effects of the Urban Heat IslandAn Adapted City •Green roofs & walls •Street Canyons Research •Trees for cooling & thermal insulation Develop a Blue Corridor &’Green Streets’ PolicyThe City’s Blue •Enhance and the wider Blue network. Network •SuDS & flood & water management •Enhance water quality & riparian habitat Adopt Natural Health Improvement Zones (NHIZ) A Healthy City •Introduce sustainable land management principles. •‘Be Active’ neighbourhoods •Childhood development The City’s Endorse the Birmingham Forest & Tree Bond Productive •Promote allotments Landscapes •Facilitate community food growing, orchards, and woodlands •Embed biomass production Adopt A Walkable City The City’s •Greenway networks Greenways •“Quiet Roads” •Permissive access rights Develop an Ecosystem City Model The City’s •Ecosystem Evaluation of Birmingham’s GI and Trees Ecosystem •Explore new funding mechanisms & joint partnerships •Biodiversity mapping Adopt Integrated Area PlansThe City’s Green •Protection of natural & built heritage Living Spaces •Integrate public health concerns •Sustainable tree planting policy
  11. 11. Trees in the Townscape – Right Tree, Right PlaceBirmingham Your Green and Birmingham’s Health Birmingham’sDevelopment Plan Healthy City (SPD) & Well Being Green Living2013 2013 Strategy Spaces Plan 2013 2012Embraces the Sustainable Social determinants Embeds 7 KeyBirmingham Forest Development Policy of health; Principles Mitigation against climate changeSame District Plans Same District Plans Same District Plans Same District PlansTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 5,
  12. 12. Trees in the Townscape – Seek Multiple Benefits Key Partners The 9 piece jigsaw – GIA Climate Risk Partnership EVIDENCE Water Green Infrastructure POLICY Health & Well Being Biodiversity The LEP & Business DELIVERY Community + Resilience Planning Transport & InfrastructureTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 6
  13. 13. Trees in the Townscape – Seek Multiple Benefits Green Infrastructure & Adaptation Delivery Group, CIL Work PlanTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 6
  14. 14. Trees in the Townscape – Seek Multiple BenefitsCity’s Productive Landscapes – Principle 4Birmingham Forest Birmingham Tree Bond Food – SMART-CityTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 6
  15. 15. Trees in the Townscape – Seek Multiple BenefitsNatural Health Improvement Zones – Principle 3•Liveable Cities Trial – 2012-13, (in HPA Strategy for Birmingham 2011-15) 1952 smog London = 4,075 excess deaths –Clean Air Act; (COMEAP’s 2008 Report ) NATURAL HEALTH IMPROVEMENT 4,267 predicted deaths, ZONES PM10’s & 2.5’sTREES IN THE TOWNSCAPE – DESIGN – 6
  16. 16. Trees in the Townscape – Seek Multiple Benefits Public Ecosystem City Sector ModelBirmingham as NationalPilot:•Build a new city economy•Green Bridge Economy PrivateProgramme Sector•BCSD-UK & WBCSD-CEV Tool•TEEB-Eu “We will put natural capital at the centre of economic thinking; and at the heart of the way we measure economic progress.” NATURAL CAPITAL COMMITTEE

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