Chapter 2 mis report


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Chapter 2 mis report

  1. 1. Chapter 2: Competing with Information Technology Section II: Using Information Technology for Strategic Advantage
  2. 2. Reengineering Business Processes • Business Process Reengineering (BPR) — most often simply called reengineering — is fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in cost, quality, speed, and service
  3. 3. • So BPR combines a strategy of promoting business innovation with a strategy of making major improvements to business processes so that a company can become a much stronger and more successful competitor in the marketplace.
  4. 4. • Many companies have found that organizational redesign approaches are an important enabler of reengineering, along with the use of information technology. • For example, one common approach is the use of self-directed, cross-functional or multidisciplinary process teams. • Another example is the use of case managers, who handle almost all tasks in a business process, instead of splitting tasks among many different specialists.
  5. 5. Role of Information Technology • Information technology plays a major role in reengineering most business processes. The speed, information processing capabilities, and connectivity of computers and Internet technologies can substantially increase the efficiency of business processes, as well as communications and collaboration among the people responsible for their operation and management.
  6. 6. Becoming an Agile Company • Agility in business performance • Support mass customization • Agile companies depend on Internet technologies
  7. 7. Becoming an Agile Company: 4 Basic Strategies • Customers must perceive the products or services as solutions to their individual problems • Cooperates with customers, suppliers, and other companies, and even with their competitors
  8. 8. Becoming an Agile Company: 4 Basic Strategies (Cont.) • Organizes so that it thrives on change and uncertainty • Leverages the impact of its people and the knowledge they possess
  9. 9. Creating a Virtual Company • Also called Virtual Corporation or Virtual Organization. • Forming a Virtual Company can be one of the most important strategic uses of information technology. • Virtual Companies create flexible and adaptable virtual workgroups and alliances key to exploitfast changing business opportunities.
  10. 10. Strategies of Virtual Companies • Share infrastructure and risk with alliance partners. • Link complementary core competencies. • Reduce concept-to-cash through sharing. • Increase facilities and market coverage. • Gain access to new markets and share market or customer loyalty. • Migrate from selling products to selling solutions
  11. 11. Building a Knowledge-Creating Company • Knowledge-Creating Company means consistently creating new business knowledge disseminating it widely throughout the company, and quickly building the new knowledge into their products and services.
  12. 12. Knowledge-Creating Companies Two kinds of knowledge:  Explicit Knowledge - data, documents, and things written down or stored on computers.  Tacit Knowledge - some important information within an organization.
  13. 13. Knowledge Management System Enterprise Intelligence Information Creation, Sharing, and Management Document Management