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EVOLUTION OF TUBER MELANOSPORUM MYCELIUM
CONCENTRATION IN THE SOIL THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AND
EVALUATION OF FUNGAL BIODIVERSI...
Goals
three main objectives:
1) to evaluate the seasonal dynamics of Tuber melanosporum mycelium in a
plantation
2) to dev...
Research sites
Trial Sites
Two field trials with loam soils
2013, 2014
Granollers: 11 year Q. ilex, no irrigation
-  Seasonal mycelium co...
Quantification of soil mycelium biomass (qPCR)
kit Power Soil (MoBio) 0,25 g. Soil.
sondes Taqman-MGB, for T. melanosporum...
qPCR seasonal dynamics
n=6 for each curve
Evaluation of fungal diversity
Metagenomic platforms
n=6 for each treatment plus control.
Samples mixed so a single
metage...
Soil fungal diversity
11 year-old T. melanosporum orchard
Soil fungal diversity
11 year-old T. melanosporum orchard
Reinoculations
& spanish wells are a common practice:
qPCR & biodiversity to check effectiveness
qPCR after reinoculations
Concentration of T. melanosporum mycelium in june.
Control vs. Field inoculated (5g/tree) in apr...
METAGENOMICS
biodiversity after reinoculations
Conclusions
•  Drip irrigation system seems not to favour truffle mycelium expansion in soil. 3 logarithms below outside
h...
Can these curves become reference standard curves?
Future
Absolute values from Real Time PCR results hardly comparable bet...
marcosmorcillo@micofora.com
xavier.parlade@irta.cat
Project Gencat 3844 Funded by
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EVOLUTION OF TUBER MELANOSPORUM MYCELIUM CONCENTRATION IN THE SOIL THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AND EVALUATION OF FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY IN PRODUCTIVE AND NONPRODUCTIVE TREES Morcillo lecture iwemm8 .compressed

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we show the results of the spanish wells with truffle spores on the mycelium concentration in soil, different dosis and different times of inoculation. We as well monitor how this affect biodiversity on the brule on productive truffle trees

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EVOLUTION OF TUBER MELANOSPORUM MYCELIUM CONCENTRATION IN THE SOIL THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AND EVALUATION OF FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY IN PRODUCTIVE AND NONPRODUCTIVE TREES Morcillo lecture iwemm8 .compressed

  1. 1. EVOLUTION OF TUBER MELANOSPORUM MYCELIUM CONCENTRATION IN THE SOIL THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AND EVALUATION OF FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY IN PRODUCTIVE AND NON- PRODUCTIVE TREES Marcos Morcillo1, Javier Parladé2, Joan Pera2, Mónica Sanchez1, Xavier Vilanova1 1 MICOLOGIA FORESTAL & APLICADA. Cami Del Fou, s/n 08459 Sant Antoni De Vilamajor. (Barcelona) SPAIN 2 IRTA. Proteccio Vegetal Sostenible Ctra. de Cabrils, Km 2, 08348 Cabrils (Barcelona) SPAIN marcosmorcillo@micofora.com xavier.parlade@irta.cat
  2. 2. Goals three main objectives: 1) to evaluate the seasonal dynamics of Tuber melanosporum mycelium in a plantation 2) to develop and validate a system to reinoculate black truffle in pre-productive orchards and 3) to determine fungal biodiversity in black truffle truffieres on productive and non productive trees, and reinoculated trees.
  3. 3. Research sites
  4. 4. Trial Sites Two field trials with loam soils 2013, 2014 Granollers: 11 year Q. ilex, no irrigation -  Seasonal mycelium concentration -  Metagenomic biodiversity Batea: 4 year old Q. ilex, drip irrigation -  Seasonal mycelium concentration -  Metagenomic biodiversity -  Reinoculation trials
  5. 5. Quantification of soil mycelium biomass (qPCR) kit Power Soil (MoBio) 0,25 g. Soil. sondes Taqman-MGB, for T. melanosporum, Standard curves with known mycelium quantities for each trial site. Parladé et al. 2013. Mycorrhiza 23:99–106. Distance to tree (m) Concentration of mycelum mg/g * 0,2 8,090 1,5 0,008 n=6 for all treatments
  6. 6. qPCR seasonal dynamics n=6 for each curve
  7. 7. Evaluation of fungal diversity Metagenomic platforms n=6 for each treatment plus control. Samples mixed so a single metagenomic per treatment (no replicate)
  8. 8. Soil fungal diversity 11 year-old T. melanosporum orchard
  9. 9. Soil fungal diversity 11 year-old T. melanosporum orchard
  10. 10. Reinoculations & spanish wells are a common practice: qPCR & biodiversity to check effectiveness
  11. 11. qPCR after reinoculations Concentration of T. melanosporum mycelium in june. Control vs. Field inoculated (5g/tree) in april. Significative differences. Concentration of T. melanosporum mycelium Control vs. Field june inoculations Dose 1, 2 i 3 are 9, 5 i 2 grams of truffle /tree No significative differences.
  12. 12. METAGENOMICS biodiversity after reinoculations
  13. 13. Conclusions •  Drip irrigation system seems not to favour truffle mycelium expansion in soil. 3 logarithms below outside humidity bubble. •  Seasonal differences in distribution of black truffle mycelium in the soil. Seasonal pattern dependent from water or irrigation. •  Significative more Tuber mycelium concentration and sequences in productive trees. •  Idem for Scleroderma. Could it be a positive partner specie? •  April inoculations increase (almost double) Tuber sp. sequences and mycelium concentration in june, as compared to controls non-inoculated, reaching same levels of sequences than when inoculated in june at 5grams. BUT for agronomic reasons it should be better to inoculate in april, as we mostly do mechanically with tractors over the brulê, in order not to disturb the active mycelium in june. •  If possible it would be interesting to do the wells with spores even in february – march so spores could have enough time to germinate and new males promote fecundations in may.
  14. 14. Can these curves become reference standard curves? Future Absolute values from Real Time PCR results hardly comparable between geographic areas or when sampling and analysis are not done at the same time. But good to compare treatments from single plantations when sampled and analyzed at the same time. The results have a direct application in the development of new technologies for truffle farming: -  traceability of fungal mycelium -  methods to increase yields -  to evaluate the effects of different managements in beneficial microbial communities for the ecosystem (biodiversity). As metagenomic results seem to be quantitative, this technique may be useful for studies on diversity dynamics in a plantation, as well as to identify fungal species associated (positively or negatively) to Tuber persistence.
  15. 15. marcosmorcillo@micofora.com xavier.parlade@irta.cat Project Gencat 3844 Funded by

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