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Pestech Baiting

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Pestech Baiting

  1. 1. Termite  bai*ng   Some  tricks  of  the  trade   Creative Pest Solutions
  2. 2. Overview   •  Why  monitoring  &  bai*ng?   •  IG  placement  (outside  demo  /  discussion)   •  AG  placement  (inside  demo  /  discussion)   •  Moisture  and  bai*ng   •  Termite  biology   •  Amount  of  bait  taken  (and  Winter  feeding)   •  Is  there  a  magic  bullet?   Creative Pest Solutions
  3. 3. Why  Monitoring?   •  Economical  compared  to  other  op*ons   – Cheaper  installa*on  cost  compared  to  chemical   barrier  treatments  which  are  typically  very   expensive  to  install.   •  Makes  “Business  Sense”  for  Pest  Controllers   – Sell  a  full  service  contract  to  maintain  contact  with   your  customer  base  and  expand  referrals   Creative Pest Solutions
  4. 4. Why  Monitoring?   •  Proven  Science   – When  used  correctly  a  monitoring  system  is  a   perfectly  legi*mate,  scien*fically  proven  method   to  protect  a  property  from  termite  aPack     •  Simple  to  install,  maintain  and  monitor   – Compared  to  chemical  barriers,  monitoring   sta*ons  are  much  simpler  to  install   Creative Pest Solutions
  5. 5. Why  Monitoring?   •  Can  be  used  instead  of  or  as  a  supplement  to  a   chemical  barrier   – Monitoring  sta*ons  may  be  used  in  areas  not   suitable  for  the  installa*on  of  a  chemical  barrier   •  Site  gradient,  soil  type   •  Construc*on  type   •  Construc*on  issues   •  No  harsh  chemistry  around  the  home   – Very  low  toxicity   – Very  low  environmental  impact   Creative Pest Solutions
  6. 6. Why  Bai*ng?   •  Colony  elimina*on   – Baits  are  bePer  at  elimina*ng  the  colony,  unlike   many  chemical  op*ons  which  don’t  always  control   the  colony   •  Another  “tool”  to  control  termite  infesta*ons   – There  are  many  circumstances  when  chemical   treatments  cannot  be  used  that  are  bePer  suited   to  bai*ng   Creative Pest Solutions
  7. 7. Why  Xterm?   •  Newest  bait  formula*on  on  the  market   – Higher  loading  than  other  baits  means  less  bait   consump*on  required  to  get  control   •  Proven  performance   – Highly  palatable   – Fast  ac*ng  compared  to  other  baits   •  High  quality  components   •  No  contracts  or  annual  renewal  fees   Creative Pest Solutions
  8. 8. Bait  Placement   IG  installa*on   •  Perimeter  placements   – Review  site  orienta*on,  gradients  and  construc*on   – How  far  apart  to  place  bait  sta*ons   •  Hot  spots   – Gardens   – High  moisture  areas  (AC,  drainage,  leaks  from  guPer,   etc)   – Taps,  u*lity  entries  to  building   – Other  wood  sources  (trees,  fences,  etc)   Creative Pest Solutions
  9. 9. Bait  Placement   IG  installa*on   •  Why  is  the  dripline  important?   – Bait  sta*ons  on  or  outside  the  dripline  will  get   more  hits  than  inside  the  dripline  due  to  moisture   levels   – Also  along  sides  of  paths  /  driveways   •  Walk  around  conference  venue  discussing  bait   placement   Creative Pest Solutions
  10. 10. Bait  Placement   AG  installa*on   •  Place  at  the  feeding  front   •  Place  a  bait  at  each  feeding  front   •  Not  the  best  loca*ons   – AC  units   – Near  fans   – Areas  of  high  sunlight   Creative Pest Solutions
  11. 11. Bait  Placement   AG  installa*on   •  Difficult  sites  (poor  access,  small  applica*on   areas)   – Adapt  bait  sta*on   – Use  cartridge  on  its  own   – Empty  cartridge   •  Use  pellets  in  bag   •  Use  bait  as  paste  in  squeeze  boPle   •  Discuss  bait  placement  in  conference  venue   (assuming  different  termite  aPack  scenarios)   Creative Pest Solutions
  12. 12. Prepara*on    Moisture  is  cri*cal   •  Termites  generally  require  a  minimum   moisture  24%  to  maintain  con*nued  feeding   on  a  food  source   – Already  present  in  food  source  or  brought  in  by   termites   •  Need  to  maintain  moisture   – Top  up  on  inspec*on  if  required   – Keep  wrapper  on,  on  5  sides,  if  concerned   Creative Pest Solutions
  13. 13. Prepara*on    Moisture  is  cri*cal   •  Different  baits  have  different  moisture   requirements   –  Depends  on  physical  and  chemical  nature  of   formula*ons   –  But  more  water  ≠  bePer  feeding   –  Xterm  label  rate:    Water  0.5  :  Bait  1   –  Exterra  label  rate:    Water  4  :  Bait  1   •  Demo  with  different  amounts  of  water  added  to   Xterm   Creative Pest Solutions
  14. 14. How  to  baits  work?   •  All  baits  contain  Chi*n  Synthesis  Inhibitors   •  CSIs  block  the  produc*on  of  chi*n  and  the   shedding  of  the  old  and  crea*on  of  the  new   chi*n  membranes   •  As  liPle  as  1%  of  workers  moult  each  day  but  more   effec*ve  on  faster  moul*ng  early  instars.   •  Peritrophic  membrane  (in  gut)  contains  chi*n  and   may  be  shed  regularly.   Creative Pest Solutions
  15. 15. How  to  baits  work?   •  What  happens  to  termites  that  have  eaten  bait?   •  Workers  &  larvae  will  die  when  they  try  to  moult   •  Queen  egg  produc*on  will  slow,  any  eggs  will  not  be   viable   •  May  effect  peritrophic  membrane  leading  to   starva*on  (faster  control)   •  High  mortality  levels  can  lead  to  rapid  colony   collapse  due  to  microbial  aPack   Creative Pest Solutions
  16. 16. Biology   •  Lower  termites  (baits  work  well)   – Coptotermes,  Schedorhinotermes,  Heterotermes   – Single  colony,  single  queen,  trophyllaxis   •  Schedorhinotermes  mul*-­‐nesters  (difficult  to  control  all   colonies  in  an  area)   – Food  generally  processed  quickly   – Queen  and  brood  highly  reliant  on  workers   Creative Pest Solutions
  17. 17. Biology   •  Higher  termites  (baits  have  moderate   performance)   – Nasu5termes,  Microceratermes   – Food  processed  more  slowly   – Higher  tolerance  to  toxicants   – Longer  lived  soldiers  and  reduced  or  no  adult   moul*ng   Creative Pest Solutions
  18. 18. Performance   How  much  bait  is  required?   •  Bait  taken  ≠  Bait  eaten   – Bait  is  taken  back  to  the  nest  for  consump*on   – Bait  may  be  stored  for  later  consump*on   •  Especially  in  Winter   •  Record  bait  consump*on   – Apply  a  know  quan*ty  of  bait   – Record  how  much  bait  has  been  taken   •  Use  dry  weight  (ideal)   Creative Pest Solutions
  19. 19. Performance   How  much  bait  is  required?   •  Demo  –  Guess  how  much  Xterm  has  been  eaten   •  Minimum  amount  of  bait  required  varies  by   species   – General  rule:  Nasu5termes  >  Coptotermes  >   Schedorhinotermes   •  Depends  on  nest  size  and  season   •  Scheds  can  be  very  variable  even  during  Summer   – Coptotermes  acinaciformis   •  Xterm:  As  liPle  as  20g   •  Chlorfluazuron:  10  *mes  as  much  (200g)   Creative Pest Solutions
  20. 20. Performance   Winter  feeding   •  Effect  of  cooler  temperatures  /  Winter   – Termite  metabolism  slows  down   •  Require  less  food   •  No  moul*ng   •  No  or  liPle  brood   •  Termites  may  take  more  bait  (but  store  it  in  the   nest)   •  Baits  appear  to  take  longer  to  work   Creative Pest Solutions
  21. 21. Is  there  a  magic  bullet?   (The  answer  is  no)   •  APractants   – CO2   – Wood  and  fungal  extracts   – Pheromones  and  pheromone  mimics     (2-­‐phenoxyethanol)   •  Phagos*mulants   – Pheromones  /  Termite  secre*ons  (Hydraquinone)   – Amino  acids   – Carbohydates  (sugars)   – Sports  drinks   Creative Pest Solutions
  22. 22. Tips  for  AG  bai*ng  success   •  Thorough  inspec*on   •  Locate  ALL  feeding  fronts  (and  entry  points)   •  Place  bait  at  ALL  feeding  fronts   •  Keep  moisture  levels  up  in  bait   •  Know  your  enemy!   Creative Pest Solutions

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