The battle for Scottish independence
Preface 1286  Alexander III. of Scotland died without an heir ->Aristocrats (The Guardians of Scotland) started fighting f...
Edward I  Edward I of England was asked  to arbitrate between the leading competitors (Robert Bruce and John Balliol) Edwa...
Beginning of the war: 1296-1306 1296 English invasion and success ->  Campaigns against England led by William Wallace, An...
Revolts and national heroes 1297 Wallace and de Morays' campains led to the big scottish victory at Stirling Bridge 1298 E...
Defeating the Scots 1304  The last Scottish Castle fell to the English  1305 William Wallace got captured and executed
Defeating the Scots 1304  The last Scottish Castle fell to the English  1305 William Wallace was captured and executed
Robert the Bruce 1306-1328 After a period of English reign, Robert the Bruce killed his rival John Comyn and crowned himse...
Bruces' return 1307 Edward I. died and Bruce came out of hiding ->  After his forces got stronger he again fought against ...
Treaty of  Edinburgh-Northampton 1328 After the invasion of the North of England, the English King was forced to sign the ...
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Independece

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Independece

  1. 1. The battle for Scottish independence
  2. 2. Preface 1286 Alexander III. of Scotland died without an heir ->Aristocrats (The Guardians of Scotland) started fighting for succession
  3. 3. Edward I Edward I of England was asked to arbitrate between the leading competitors (Robert Bruce and John Balliol) Edward forces the „Guardians“ to recognize him as Lord Paramount
  4. 4. Beginning of the war: 1296-1306 1296 English invasion and success -> Campaigns against England led by William Wallace, Andrew de Moray, a.o. (Guerrilla Tactics)
  5. 5. Revolts and national heroes 1297 Wallace and de Morays' campains led to the big scottish victory at Stirling Bridge 1298 Edward defeated the Scots at Falkirk, after invading Scotland again
  6. 6. Defeating the Scots 1304 The last Scottish Castle fell to the English 1305 William Wallace got captured and executed
  7. 7. Defeating the Scots 1304 The last Scottish Castle fell to the English 1305 William Wallace was captured and executed
  8. 8. Robert the Bruce 1306-1328 After a period of English reign, Robert the Bruce killed his rival John Comyn and crowned himself King of Scots -> The rebellion was sparked Again -> He had to hide as an outlaw after he got defeated by the English again
  9. 9. Bruces' return 1307 Edward I. died and Bruce came out of hiding -> After his forces got stronger he again fought against the English in several campains
  10. 10. Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton 1328 After the invasion of the North of England, the English King was forced to sign the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton With this action he recognised the independece of Scotland with Robert the Bruce as King

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