Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Booklet on ceramics pottery


Published on


  • Be the first to comment

Booklet on ceramics pottery

  1. 1. Demonstrated byCeramic Artist S.Potrarasan,MFA in Ceramics from Govt.College of Fine ArtsEgmore,ChennaiPhotography byJaikumar RanganathanCompiled byJaikumar RanganathanM.Des in Industrial DesignIDC IIT BombaySupported byMrs.Janaki SubramanianFounderExpressions Art StudioAnd Activity Centre,Chennai
  2. 2. The “Ceramic Pottery " is designed for the beginneras a step by step guide to making ceramics. Thisguide is designed to give you the most basictechniques and some tips. Each Guide hasillustrations as well as text to explain each step.A beginners guide to the art of ceramics1. Pinch Pottery2. Coil Pottery3. Slab Technique used to create cube4. Throwing* Making of Saucer* Making of Cylinder* Making of Bowl* Making of CupList of techniques covered in this guide booklet‘Clay is unique in its ability to be moulded by hand intoobjects of beauty that become permanent when exposed togreat heat. This wonderful natural material allows artists tocreate both functional and purely decorative work, thepossibilities are more or less endless. Nowadays We arefortunate in being able to draw on a store of knowledgepassed down through the centuries, which is continuallybeing added with new experiments and technicaldevelopments.’ - Marylin Scott
  3. 3. Preparation of ClayWhether we use a handbuilding or wheel-basedTechnique, we first need to ensure an even consistencyThroughout the clay’s mass. This involves physicallyCoaxing the clay into a homogenous state by wedgingand kneading. A pugmill can be used for this process,dispensing with the need to wedge and knead the clayby hand,but many still prefer to wedge and knead afterpugging to ensure that the clay particles are evenlyaligned. A clay mass with an uneven consistency thatHas not been prepared well will be almost impossibleto throw on the wheel.The cut the clay withwire to check for lumps,air pockets and foreignbodies and if still unevencontinue to knead,turning the clay by 45 *before resuming
  4. 4. Pinch PotteryMaking of Bowl by pinching of clayPreparation of clay Begin with a ball of clay Push your thumbinto the center.Then pinch up the walls.Turn the piece as you pinch.This will help you to keepan even thickness in the wallsof the piece.Finishing the rim of thebowlFinished bowl by pinchingBigger Bowl made byPinch PotteryGently pat the bottom on aflat surface to create a flatspot on the bottom of thepiece.
  5. 5. Coil PotteryMaking pencil stand by coil TechniqueCutting out the baseMake a circular slab Base of the pencil standWhen hand rolling coils, use a smooth surface and spreading yourhands to apply even pressure. Gently roll the clay back and forth.Apply slip on to the base Roll the first layer of coil Cutting of the coilApply slip-aftereach layer of coilFinished pencilStand by coilTechniqueRolling the coil After completelyrolling the coilfinish the toprim of the coil
  6. 6. Slab technique-Making of CubeSpreading the clay Rolling out the clay Cutting the slabsRemove the unwantedParts of the slabMeasure and cut therequired number of squaresLet the clay firm-upand separate the squaresMake measurements and cut the edges of the squares at anAngle of 45* and score or scratch the edges of the square slabsApply the slip andfix the square slabApply slip to all the edges of the cut square slabs and join the slabs theRaise the walls of the cubeApply slip and close the top slab of the cube andSmoothen the edges and give the finishing touchesto the cubeFinished cubemade bySlab technique
  7. 7. Tools required for ThrowingA round, moist lump of clay body is thrown down ontothe wheel head or a bat attached to it. The lump is madeeven and forced to the centre of the wheel by applyingpressure with the hands. The thrower finds the center ofthe clay by moving a thumb across the lump until nomore friction is felt. The thumb is pressed into the centerof the lump, stopping about 5 mm from the wheel head.The hole thus made is widened. The sides thus definedare pulled up and made thinner by pressure between thehands. The vessel is shaped, and the mouth is smoothed.The vessel is cut from the wheel head with a cheese wireand left to stiffen. Sometimes the stiffened vessel isinverted on the wheel and trimmed with a sharp tool.Techniques of throwing123456789101 Ribbon tool2 Brush3 Roller4 Ruler5 Sponge6 Wire7 Compass8 NT Cutter9 Comb tooth Blade10 Electric Potter’s wheel
  8. 8. Throwing-Centring-Making of SaucerFirst weigh the clay to be used for making the SaucerThrow the clayto the wheelCentring - force the clay to the centreof the wheel by applying pressure withthe handsPress and Pushthe hand outwardsFlattening- Top hand compresses and widens the clay, the fingertips of the handunderneath control its growth.Finishing the topSurface of the saucerFinishing the rimof the saucerDry the saucer till leatherhard andcut the saucer with wireDry the saucercompletelyTrimming the saucer on the base and on the top of the saucerto finish the saucer
  9. 9. Making of Cylinder by ThrowingHollow and Levelling Opening out outwards Lifting up the wallLifting up the wall Levelling the wall withthe rulerLevelling the rimof the cylinderAllow the cylinder toDry- leatherhardWire tool used for cuttingThe cylinder from wheel baseCut the completedCylinder using wireTo check uniform Wall thickness while learning cut the cylindervertical at the centre from the wheel base using wire tool
  10. 10. Making of Bowl by ThrowingFinishing with ruler Finishing the rim Cut the finished bowlFinal lifting of bowlPulling the bowloutwardsLifting the bowlCentring - force the clay to the centre of the wheel by applying pressure with the handsOpening with thumb finger Levelling the rim Levelling the wallLifting the wall of the cylinder pushing the top of the cylinder outwards
  11. 11. Making of Cup by ThrowingThrow the clayto the wheelCentring - force the clay to the centre of the wheel byapplying pressure with the handsOpening out Levelling the rim Levelling the wall of the cylinderLifting the wall Shaping the cup Finishing with rulerShaping of cup Cut out excessheight with needleFinish the Rim Cut the finished cupwith wire toolMake handle bySlab techniqueFix the handle with clay slurry and slip Finished cup
  12. 12. For information and enquiryContactMrs.Janaki SubramanianExpressions Art Studio and Activity Centre,75,2nd Street, Karpagam Avenue, R.A.Puram,Chennai 600028.Ph:9444033348/42067327Mr.S. Potrarasan MFA ceramicsEmail Id: artistpotrarasan@gmail.comMobile No: 9840672154Ceramic Artist at Lalit Kala academy, chennaiHeading the ceramic Studio at DakshinachitraTeaching art students at Expression Art Studio, Chennai