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Keynote given at Northampton University on 2011-09-01 by invitation of Adrian Pryce for the school’s
2020 visioning session.

This document has a Creative Commons license (CC-BY-SA), and can be used freely.
TECHNOLOGY
                                               & EDUCATION



Michell Zappa
michellzappa.com
We’re here today to talk about the intersection between technology and education.
And I figured that since you guys are the experts on education, let us start with a quick primer on
technology and how it behaves.
Who am I?
Last updated: 2011-03-29                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (biofeedback)                     Reversal of
         meeting people is easy                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aging
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Optogenetics


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Artificial limbs

                                                                                  Swarm                      Exoskeletons
                                                                                 robotics                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Programmable matter
                                                                                                                                            UAVs
                                                             Utility                                                                                                                                                        Regenerative
                                                              fog                                                                                                                                                             medicine
                                                                                                                                                            Domestic                                                                                                                                                          Synthetic
                                                                                                                                                             robots                                                                                                                                                             meat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Nanowires

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Stem-cell
                                                                                                                                                                                                               treatments
                                                                                                                                                                          Self-driving
                                                                                                               ROBOTICS                                                    vehicles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Vertical                                               Carbon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            agriculture                                            nanotubes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Personalized
                                          Interplanetary                                                                                                                                            medicine
                                                internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Molecular
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    assembler
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BIOTECH
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tele-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Intelligence
                                                    Smart                                                                                                                                            medicine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Amplification
                                                    cities                                                                                                                               Smart
                                                                                                                                                                                         toys                                                                                                                                                                    Bio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               materials
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   MATERIALS
                                                HAPs                                                                                                                                                               Bio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  markers                                                                                                                           Meta-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   materials                                                                                   Machine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             translation
                                                                                                                                                                       Semantic                                                                                                                                                                                                     ARTIFICIAL
                                                                                                                                                                       web                                                                                                                                                          Self-healing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     materials                                    INTELLIGENCE
                                                  Smart                                                                                                                                  Linked
                                                                                                                                                                                         data                      Appliance
                                              infrastructure                                                                                                                                                       robots                                                                                              Memristor

                                                                                                                                                                                          NFC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Cermets
                                                                                                                               INTERNET                                                                                                                                                 Print on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        demand                                                                                                               Medical                         Space
                                                                                                                            (CONNECTIVITY)                                                                                               PGS                                                                                                                                                               diagnostics
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Social                                               3D                                                                                                                                                                               elevator
                                                               5G                                                                                                                                     graph                                                printing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Natural language
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      High-frequency                                                                                             interpretation
                                                                                                                                                                                       Cloud                                                                                  trading
                                                                                                                                                                                     computing                                                                                                                                                            Software
        2025 +                                                  2015 – 2025                                                    2011 – 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                           Cyber-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               now                                                                             Private
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             spaceflight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2011 – 2015                  agents                                     2015 – 2025                                                 2025 +

                                                                                                                                                                                           warfare
                                                                                Sensors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (2011)                                                                                                                                                          Space
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ultra-        Bio-enhanced                                         tourism
                                                                                                                                                                        PAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tabs &                                                                                   Fuel cells
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           capacitors          fuels                                                                                                    SPACE
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pads                    Multi                                                                                                                             Multi-segmented
                                                                                              Virtual                                                  4G                                                                      touch                   All media                                                                                                   smart grids
                                                                                          currencies                                                                                                                                                   on demand                              Smart                                                                                                                      VASIMR
                                                                                                                Virtual                                                                                                                                                                       meters
                                                                                                              property          Pervasive                                                                                          Gesture
                                                                                                                                    video                                                                                          recognition                           Inductive                                                                                               Superconducting
                                                                                                                                                   Boards                                                                                                                 chargers                                                                                                  interties
                                                                                                                                                                          3D
                                                                                                                                   Electronic                                                                                                                         Gamification
                                                                                                                                     paper                                                                                             AR                             of media                                                                                                                                                     Lunar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  outpost
                                                                                                                    Pico-
                                                                                                                  projectors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Nanostructure
          ACRONYMS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      battery cathodes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Speech
           3D        3D screens and cameras                                                                                                                                                                                             recognition                                       Procedural
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          storytelling
                                                                                                    SPIMES
           4G        Fourth gen cellular wireless (WiMAX, LTE)                                                                                                                                                                                                 MEDIA
                                                                                                                                                            UBICOMP
           5G        Fifth gen cellular wireless                                                                                                            (HARDWARE)                                                                 Haptics                                                                                             Photo-                Piezo-
           AR        Augmented Reality                                                                                                                                                    NUI                                                                                                                                             voltaics             electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                  (SOFTWARE)                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Thorium
          HAP        High Altitude Platform                                        Fabric-
                                                                                  embedded                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    reactors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Holography                          Location-aware                                                           Photvoltaic                   Biomechanical
          NFC        Near Field Communication                                      screens
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          media                                                                  glass                         harvesting                                      Traveling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wave reactor
           NUI       Natural User Interface
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Telepresence                                                                                                                                                                            Nano-                                       Nuclear
          PAN        Personal Area Networks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                generators
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Solar
          PGS        Personal Gene Sequencing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               thermal
                                                                        Smart clothing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kinetic
         SPIME       An object that can be tracked                                                                                                                                          Machine
                     through space and time                                                                                                                                                  vision
          UAV        Unmanned Aerial Vehicle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Artificial
                                                                                                                                                       Immersive 3D                                                                                                                                                                                               photosynthesis
        VASIMR       Variable Specific Impulse                                                                                                          projections
                     Magnetoplasma Rocket
                                                                              Retinal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Solar
                                                                              screens




                                                                                        Skin-embedded
                                                                                            screens



         Learn more: michell zappa.com
I recently published zappa@gmail.com
         Contact me: michell a visualization of a few dozen key technologies I think will be important in the
upcoming decade.
          Follow me: @mz                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BY    SA
assembler
                                                                                                                                                     BIOTECH
                                                                                                       Tele-
                                                                                                      medicine
                                                                                          Smart
                                                                                          toys                                                                                                                                                               Bio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           materials
                                                                                                                                                                                                MATERIALS
                                                                                                                  Bio-
                                                                                                                 markers                                                                                                                        Meta-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               materials

                                                                             Semantic                                                                                                                                                                                           ARTIFIC
                                                                             web                                                                                                                                                Self-healing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 materials                                    INTELLIGE
                                                                                          Linked
                                                                                          data                    Appliance
                                                                                                                  robots                                                                                           Memristor

                                                                                           NFC
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Cermets
                                              INTERNET                                                                                                                               Print on
                                                                                                                                                                                     demand
                                          (CONNECTIVITY)                                                                                PGS
                                                                                                       Social                                           3D
                                                                                                       graph                                            printing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Natural language
                                                                                                                                                                   High-frequency                                                                                            interpretation
                                                                                           Cloud                                                                           trading
                                                                                         computing                                                                                                                                                    Software
                                              2011 – 2015
                                                                                            Cyber-
                                                                                                                              now                                                                          Private
                                                                                                                                                                                                         spaceflight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2011 – 2015                  agents

                                                                                            warfare
Sensors
                                                                                                                                (2011)                                                                                                                                                      Sp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ultra-        Bio-enhanced                                        tou
                                                                              PAN                                                                                                                                      capacitors          fuels
                                                                                                       Tabs &                                                                               Fuel cells
                                                                                                        Pads                  Multi                                                                                                                         Multi-segmented
              Virtual                                              4G                                                         touch                  All media                                                                                                smart grids
          currencies                                                                                                                                 on demand                             Smart
                               Virtual                                                                                                                                                     meters
                             property          Pervasive                                                                          Gesture
                                                   video                                                                          recognition                         Inductive                                                                                              Superconducting
                                                               Boards                                                                                                  chargers                                                                                                 interties
                                                                                  3D
                                                  Electronic                                                                                                       Gamification
                                                    paper                                                                             AR                           of media
                                   Pico-
                                 projectors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Nanostruc
                                                                                                                                       Speech                                                                                                                                      battery cath
                                                                                                                                       recognition                                     Procedural
                                                                                                                                                                                       storytelling
                    SPIMES
                                                                        UBICOMP                                                                            MEDIA
                                                                        (HARDWARE)                                                    Haptics                                                                                         Photo-                 Piezo-
                                                                                           NUI                                                                                                                                       voltaics              electricity
                                                                                        (SOFTWARE)
   Fabric-
  embedded                                                                                                                       Holography
   screens                                                                                                                                                         Location-aware                                                         Photvoltaic                    Biomechanical
                                                                                                                                                                       media                                                                glass                          harvesting

   It can be downloaded freely on my website.
                                                                                                           Telepresence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Solar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       thermal
lothing
                                                                                             Machine
                                                                                              vision
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Artificial
                                                                   Immersive 3D                                                                                                                                                                               photosynthesis
                                                                    projections
What is
      technology?
What do you associate with technology?
Cars? Airplanes? Mobile phones? The internet?
We usually think about technology in terms of its artifacts: robots, cars, phones, etc.
Technology, in fact, is everything that surrounds us.
The wheel, agriculture, fire, the book and money are examples of technologies we do not usually
isolate as such.
“Anything useful that
      we make is technology.”




           — Kevin Kelly



Kevin Kelly knows what he’s talking about.

Source:
http://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_kelly_tells_technology_s_epic_story.html
The other characteristic about technology is how it’s always progressing. A century ago, humanity had
never even taken flight. Now, we take it for granted.
Same with medical imaging.
And also things we consider “technologies”, like video games.
2011




         2006
                                    CPU          FSB          RAM           HDD   Mpbs
But technology has this other interesting aspect. It grows relentlessly.
You can ignore the numbers -- just look at the constant growth over time.
SPEED &
  STORAGE

These tend toward ∞ through exponential growth
COST &
                                                  SIZE

And these tend tend asymptotically toward zero.
What allows YouTube to exist? The combination of:
Ubiquitous cameras, cheap storage, fast processing, internet users everywhere, fast internet access.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/dtimcarr/308240826/
48 hours of content
                     uploaded every minute.
(As of May/2001)
“nearly 8 years of content uploaded every day”

Sources:
http://www.mecmanchester.co.uk/blog/youtube-birthday.html
http://www.youtube.com/t/press_statistics
While we avoid talking about specific gadgets, there is one elephant in the room...
The iPad is, however, an important exception to the rule of “not looking at gadgets”.
It will inevitable make its mark on education, but in my opinion, it will mostly have a great impact on
textbooks in the foreseeable future.
“A rocket will never be able to
      leave the Earth’s atmosphere.”




          — New York Times, 1936



Tech predictions are fundamentally flawed and risky.

Source:
http://listverse.com/history/top-30-failed-technology-predictions/
THREE
TECHNOLOGICAL
DRIVERS
Social
Learning
Platforms
            1
One to one                          One to many




The face of education after the industrial revolution.
The one-to-many approach changed a bit with the web. But mostly by amplifying the “many”.
Open Courseware (and its kin) is still fundamentally broadcasting knowledge.
Everyone is in on the game.
One to one                        One to many                        Many to many




I think the equation is changing with the advent of “many-to-many”. Where every student is a teacher.
Million students per month

Pause, repeat, review
Own pace, skip ahead
Teacher overview panel

Generate as many questions as the student needs. Until they get ten in a row.
2.200+ lessons
100.000+ views per day
Tons of examples of peer to peer learning. OpenStudy is all about receiving help from other students.
As is Udemy.
Livemocha is changing the face of language education. Learn from those already speak a different
language -- and teach them a language you speak in return.
And if you question the validity of Open Courseware approaches, just look at Stanford’s recent AI
course.
“Flip” the classroom.


Flip the classroom:
lectures are the new homework -- and classes are used for answering questions and doing work

Transforming a system that has become industrial by necessity into a craft once again.
Personal
Informatics
              2
This is how we quantify ourselves today. Ranking, measuring, achievements.
Nike+




Nike+ has over 2.5m users, and can be credited to kicking off the personal informatics trend.
Philips DirectLife




Philips is in the game, with a device measuring all your exercise.

http://www.directlife.philips.com/
Withings




Or how about measuring your weight and having the results uploaded to your phone in real time?
It becomes a way of tightening the feedback loop between cause and effect. Between eating that extra
bagel, and knowing you gained a few more pounds.

http://www.withings.com/en/index/?taranim=1
Or track the quality of your sleep.

http://www.myzeo.com/
The same thing is happening to education, of course. Grockit facilitates learning and test-prep by
breaking down the problems into quantifiable chunks. Track how well you are performing at every
*aspect* of math. Not simply through a grade at the end of the term/test.
Algorithmic
      homework assignment
What happens when you leverage the trend in order to algorithmically assign more adequate
homework assignments to the students?
Tighter
       feedback loops
“This is not the way to develop a complicated skill. It would be like trying to master the violin, say, by
going blind to a recital, having an expert tell you all the ways you’ve failed, and letting that gestate for
a few weeks before your next recital”.

Equity in the feedback loop. It’s a way to raise the bar for everyone.
“Gamified” learning
Or when you start “gamifying” the learning? Better rankings, better class overview, more incentives for
the students to try harder.
Instant
Information
Retrieval
              3
“
Knowledge is
of two kinds.
We know a subject
ourselves, or
we know where
we can find
information on it.
The number of Google searches per day keeps going up. We are more than accustomed to having
access to information at our fingertips. But comes “after” typing in queries into a computer?
Personal computing                            Ubiquitous computing



We’re surrounding ourselves with ever more gadgets. All interconnected and covered in smart sensors.
Google Goggles




So why have to look up the name of that bridge? Or who created that painting?
Point your smartphone camera and have Google tell you. It’s called reverse image search, and it’s
frankly uncanny.
Google Voice Search




Speak your queries. Or have the phone listen in and proactively answer your questions (at some point
in the future).
Word Lens




Realtime translations in your phone. You never have to get lost in a foreign culture again.
Five dollars in the App Store.
Vicon Revue




Next step? Cameras everywhere. Wear one around your neck.

http://www.viconrevue.com/index.html
Looxcie




Or one on your ear. (Already for sale).
Heads-up-displays are still a few years away -- but they’ll come.
Wisdom

                                       Knowledge

                                      Information

                                              Data

Who teaches our kids to sift through the information flood?
How do we learn to judge the value and validity of this torrent of data?
That’s probably the role of the educators today.
Social
                         Learning
                        Platforms



                 Instant          Personal
              Information       Informatics
                Retrieval



To recap...
FUTURE
       LITERACY &
       NUMERACY
What is the future of literacy?
65% of today's grade school
      kids will end up at a job that hasn't
      been invented yet.




Source: United States Department of Labor: Futurework - Trends and Challenges for Work in the 21st
Century

We are currently preparing for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented,
In order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet.
PROGRAMMING
                                                           INTERFACE
                PRIVACY
                                                       MULTIMEDIA
                ATTENTION
                          MULTITASKING
                CONCENTRATION
We need to rethink the very basic skills that are being taught in school. Even more emphasis on
future-proof skills such as Interface, Concentration and Attention. Those issues aren’t going anywhere.

Today, programmers are just like scribes in the middle ages or ancient Egypt. In the future, everyone
will be a programmer. Everyone will have to interact with all media. It’s no longer a “IT” problem.
Students should be taken to the
      edge of the precipice beyond which
      knowledge does not exist.



           Harold Innis



I love this phrase (because we have no other option than to be dragged, kicking and screaming, to this
precipice).
Thank you.
  @mz
mz@michellzappa.com
   michellzappa.com

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The Future of Technology in Education (UK)

  • 1. Keynote given at Northampton University on 2011-09-01 by invitation of Adrian Pryce for the school’s 2020 visioning session. This document has a Creative Commons license (CC-BY-SA), and can be used freely.
  • 2. TECHNOLOGY & EDUCATION Michell Zappa michellzappa.com We’re here today to talk about the intersection between technology and education. And I figured that since you guys are the experts on education, let us start with a quick primer on technology and how it behaves.
  • 4. Last updated: 2011-03-29 (biofeedback) Reversal of meeting people is easy aging Optogenetics Artificial limbs Swarm Exoskeletons robotics Programmable matter UAVs Utility Regenerative fog medicine Domestic Synthetic robots meat Nanowires Stem-cell treatments Self-driving ROBOTICS vehicles Vertical Carbon agriculture nanotubes Personalized Interplanetary medicine internet Molecular assembler BIOTECH Tele- Intelligence Smart medicine Amplification cities Smart toys Bio- materials MATERIALS HAPs Bio- markers Meta- materials Machine translation Semantic ARTIFICIAL web Self-healing materials INTELLIGENCE Smart Linked data Appliance infrastructure robots Memristor NFC Cermets INTERNET Print on demand Medical Space (CONNECTIVITY) PGS diagnostics Social 3D elevator 5G graph printing Natural language High-frequency interpretation Cloud trading computing Software 2025 + 2015 – 2025 2011 – 2015 Cyber- now Private spaceflight 2011 – 2015 agents 2015 – 2025 2025 + warfare Sensors (2011) Space Ultra- Bio-enhanced tourism PAN Tabs & Fuel cells capacitors fuels SPACE Pads Multi Multi-segmented Virtual 4G touch All media smart grids currencies on demand Smart VASIMR Virtual meters property Pervasive Gesture video recognition Inductive Superconducting Boards chargers interties 3D Electronic Gamification paper AR of media Lunar outpost Pico- projectors ENERGY Nanostructure ACRONYMS battery cathodes Speech 3D 3D screens and cameras recognition Procedural storytelling SPIMES 4G Fourth gen cellular wireless (WiMAX, LTE) MEDIA UBICOMP 5G Fifth gen cellular wireless (HARDWARE) Haptics Photo- Piezo- AR Augmented Reality NUI voltaics electricity (SOFTWARE) Thorium HAP High Altitude Platform Fabric- embedded reactors Holography Location-aware Photvoltaic Biomechanical NFC Near Field Communication screens media glass harvesting Traveling wave reactor NUI Natural User Interface Telepresence Nano- Nuclear PAN Personal Area Networks generators Solar PGS Personal Gene Sequencing thermal Smart clothing Kinetic SPIME An object that can be tracked Machine through space and time vision UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Artificial Immersive 3D photosynthesis VASIMR Variable Specific Impulse projections Magnetoplasma Rocket Retinal Solar screens Skin-embedded screens Learn more: michell zappa.com I recently published zappa@gmail.com Contact me: michell a visualization of a few dozen key technologies I think will be important in the upcoming decade. Follow me: @mz BY SA
  • 5. assembler BIOTECH Tele- medicine Smart toys Bio- materials MATERIALS Bio- markers Meta- materials Semantic ARTIFIC web Self-healing materials INTELLIGE Linked data Appliance robots Memristor NFC Cermets INTERNET Print on demand (CONNECTIVITY) PGS Social 3D graph printing Natural language High-frequency interpretation Cloud trading computing Software 2011 – 2015 Cyber- now Private spaceflight 2011 – 2015 agents warfare Sensors (2011) Sp Ultra- Bio-enhanced tou PAN capacitors fuels Tabs & Fuel cells Pads Multi Multi-segmented Virtual 4G touch All media smart grids currencies on demand Smart Virtual meters property Pervasive Gesture video recognition Inductive Superconducting Boards chargers interties 3D Electronic Gamification paper AR of media Pico- projectors ENERGY Nanostruc Speech battery cath recognition Procedural storytelling SPIMES UBICOMP MEDIA (HARDWARE) Haptics Photo- Piezo- NUI voltaics electricity (SOFTWARE) Fabric- embedded Holography screens Location-aware Photvoltaic Biomechanical media glass harvesting It can be downloaded freely on my website. Telepresence ge Solar thermal lothing Machine vision Artificial Immersive 3D photosynthesis projections
  • 6. What is technology? What do you associate with technology? Cars? Airplanes? Mobile phones? The internet?
  • 7. We usually think about technology in terms of its artifacts: robots, cars, phones, etc.
  • 8. Technology, in fact, is everything that surrounds us. The wheel, agriculture, fire, the book and money are examples of technologies we do not usually isolate as such.
  • 9. “Anything useful that we make is technology.” — Kevin Kelly Kevin Kelly knows what he’s talking about. Source: http://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_kelly_tells_technology_s_epic_story.html
  • 10. The other characteristic about technology is how it’s always progressing. A century ago, humanity had never even taken flight. Now, we take it for granted.
  • 11. Same with medical imaging.
  • 12. And also things we consider “technologies”, like video games.
  • 13. 2011 2006 CPU FSB RAM HDD Mpbs But technology has this other interesting aspect. It grows relentlessly. You can ignore the numbers -- just look at the constant growth over time.
  • 14. SPEED & STORAGE These tend toward ∞ through exponential growth
  • 15. COST & SIZE And these tend tend asymptotically toward zero.
  • 16. What allows YouTube to exist? The combination of: Ubiquitous cameras, cheap storage, fast processing, internet users everywhere, fast internet access. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dtimcarr/308240826/
  • 17. 48 hours of content uploaded every minute. (As of May/2001) “nearly 8 years of content uploaded every day” Sources: http://www.mecmanchester.co.uk/blog/youtube-birthday.html http://www.youtube.com/t/press_statistics
  • 18. While we avoid talking about specific gadgets, there is one elephant in the room...
  • 19. The iPad is, however, an important exception to the rule of “not looking at gadgets”. It will inevitable make its mark on education, but in my opinion, it will mostly have a great impact on textbooks in the foreseeable future.
  • 20. “A rocket will never be able to leave the Earth’s atmosphere.” — New York Times, 1936 Tech predictions are fundamentally flawed and risky. Source: http://listverse.com/history/top-30-failed-technology-predictions/
  • 23. One to one One to many The face of education after the industrial revolution.
  • 24. The one-to-many approach changed a bit with the web. But mostly by amplifying the “many”. Open Courseware (and its kin) is still fundamentally broadcasting knowledge.
  • 25. Everyone is in on the game.
  • 26. One to one One to many Many to many I think the equation is changing with the advent of “many-to-many”. Where every student is a teacher.
  • 27. Million students per month Pause, repeat, review Own pace, skip ahead Teacher overview panel Generate as many questions as the student needs. Until they get ten in a row.
  • 29. Tons of examples of peer to peer learning. OpenStudy is all about receiving help from other students.
  • 31. Livemocha is changing the face of language education. Learn from those already speak a different language -- and teach them a language you speak in return.
  • 32. And if you question the validity of Open Courseware approaches, just look at Stanford’s recent AI course.
  • 33. “Flip” the classroom. Flip the classroom: lectures are the new homework -- and classes are used for answering questions and doing work Transforming a system that has become industrial by necessity into a craft once again.
  • 35. This is how we quantify ourselves today. Ranking, measuring, achievements.
  • 36. Nike+ Nike+ has over 2.5m users, and can be credited to kicking off the personal informatics trend.
  • 37. Philips DirectLife Philips is in the game, with a device measuring all your exercise. http://www.directlife.philips.com/
  • 38. Withings Or how about measuring your weight and having the results uploaded to your phone in real time? It becomes a way of tightening the feedback loop between cause and effect. Between eating that extra bagel, and knowing you gained a few more pounds. http://www.withings.com/en/index/?taranim=1
  • 39. Or track the quality of your sleep. http://www.myzeo.com/
  • 40. The same thing is happening to education, of course. Grockit facilitates learning and test-prep by breaking down the problems into quantifiable chunks. Track how well you are performing at every *aspect* of math. Not simply through a grade at the end of the term/test.
  • 41. Algorithmic homework assignment What happens when you leverage the trend in order to algorithmically assign more adequate homework assignments to the students?
  • 42. Tighter feedback loops “This is not the way to develop a complicated skill. It would be like trying to master the violin, say, by going blind to a recital, having an expert tell you all the ways you’ve failed, and letting that gestate for a few weeks before your next recital”. Equity in the feedback loop. It’s a way to raise the bar for everyone.
  • 43. “Gamified” learning Or when you start “gamifying” the learning? Better rankings, better class overview, more incentives for the students to try harder.
  • 45. “ Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it.
  • 46. The number of Google searches per day keeps going up. We are more than accustomed to having access to information at our fingertips. But comes “after” typing in queries into a computer?
  • 47. Personal computing Ubiquitous computing We’re surrounding ourselves with ever more gadgets. All interconnected and covered in smart sensors.
  • 48. Google Goggles So why have to look up the name of that bridge? Or who created that painting? Point your smartphone camera and have Google tell you. It’s called reverse image search, and it’s frankly uncanny.
  • 49. Google Voice Search Speak your queries. Or have the phone listen in and proactively answer your questions (at some point in the future).
  • 50. Word Lens Realtime translations in your phone. You never have to get lost in a foreign culture again. Five dollars in the App Store.
  • 51. Vicon Revue Next step? Cameras everywhere. Wear one around your neck. http://www.viconrevue.com/index.html
  • 52. Looxcie Or one on your ear. (Already for sale).
  • 53.
  • 54. Heads-up-displays are still a few years away -- but they’ll come.
  • 55. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Who teaches our kids to sift through the information flood? How do we learn to judge the value and validity of this torrent of data? That’s probably the role of the educators today.
  • 56. Social Learning Platforms Instant Personal Information Informatics Retrieval To recap...
  • 57. FUTURE LITERACY & NUMERACY What is the future of literacy?
  • 58. 65% of today's grade school kids will end up at a job that hasn't been invented yet. Source: United States Department of Labor: Futurework - Trends and Challenges for Work in the 21st Century We are currently preparing for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, In order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet.
  • 59. PROGRAMMING INTERFACE PRIVACY MULTIMEDIA ATTENTION MULTITASKING CONCENTRATION We need to rethink the very basic skills that are being taught in school. Even more emphasis on future-proof skills such as Interface, Concentration and Attention. Those issues aren’t going anywhere. Today, programmers are just like scribes in the middle ages or ancient Egypt. In the future, everyone will be a programmer. Everyone will have to interact with all media. It’s no longer a “IT” problem.
  • 60. Students should be taken to the edge of the precipice beyond which knowledge does not exist. Harold Innis I love this phrase (because we have no other option than to be dragged, kicking and screaming, to this precipice).
  • 61. Thank you. @mz mz@michellzappa.com michellzappa.com