Developing Licence Models Facilitating wider access to online information
Developing Licence Models Facilitating wider access to online information Liam Earney JISC Collections Team Manager
<ul><li>The existing model </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges to the model </li></ul><ul><li>Developing, Strengthening and Chang...
The existing model <ul><li>JISC Collections licenses online resources on behalf of UK Higher and Further Education Institu...
Challenges to the existing model <ul><li>Political, Social, Economic, Legal and Technological pressures  </li></ul><ul><li...
Developing, changing and strengthening the existing model <ul><li>Tension in the (Scholarly) Information Structure </li></...
The Knowledge Exchange <ul><li>Partnership between 4 national ICT bodies to license online resources across national borde...
Business and Community Engagement <ul><li>Government policy and institutional strategy are transforming the external relat...
Universal Access Model - Superbands <ul><li>Weaknesses of the ‘opt-in’ model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uneven access to core r...
Cross Sectoral Collaboration <ul><li>JISC Collections for Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot project funded by Becta to e...
Reflections and future activities 1 <ul><li>What have we learnt? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Reflections and future activities 2 <ul><li>Licences are only as good as the ability to implement them </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Thank you for listening Liam Earney Collections Team Manager Email:  [email_address] Telephone: 020 3006 6002
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Sca Scotland Forum 210508 Liam Earney: Licences

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Liam Earney's presentation on licences givent at the SCA Scotland Forum 21.05.08

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Sca Scotland Forum 210508 Liam Earney: Licences

  1. 1. Developing Licence Models Facilitating wider access to online information
  2. 2. Developing Licence Models Facilitating wider access to online information Liam Earney JISC Collections Team Manager
  3. 3. <ul><li>The existing model </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges to the model </li></ul><ul><li>Developing, Strengthening and Changing the Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business and Community Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Access Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Sectoral Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reflections… </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. The existing model <ul><li>JISC Collections licenses online resources on behalf of UK Higher and Further Education Institutions and the Research Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis is on widest possible access and widest possible range of educational uses </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses e-journals, e-books, bibliographic databases, archival and full text collections, film, images, sound, and any other stuff </li></ul><ul><li>The JISC model licence and the agreements based on it rest on two assumptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual institutions decide whether to participate in any specific agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual institutions have a direct link with and can take full responsibility for their Authorised Users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JISC Collections Agreements have been designed on the basis of one institution with a defined user community </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges to the existing model <ul><li>Political, Social, Economic, Legal and Technological pressures </li></ul><ul><li>The licence as impediment to access and use? </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral and cross-sectoral pressures for access to content and numerous levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transnational, National, Regional consortia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline/Subject based consortia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-Institutional access to niche resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools, NHS, Public Libraries, Colleges, Museums, Local Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas partner organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge transfer and commercial exploitation of services and IPR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology facilitates widespread dissemination and use of content, information, data etc </li></ul>
  6. 6. Developing, changing and strengthening the existing model <ul><li>Tension in the (Scholarly) Information Structure </li></ul><ul><li>There has never been so much content available to users </li></ul><ul><li>There has never been so much desire for wider access to that content </li></ul><ul><li>Significant part of that content is owned and will continue to be owned by third parties licensing that data to the public sector </li></ul><ul><li>What steps can the public sector take to maximise easy, sustainable and long term access to this content? </li></ul><ul><li>Working to build upon established models to create an overarching model where ‘universal access’ is the main objective </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise that such access may be achieved in steps, working with consortia to pool funding and leverage economies of scale. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Knowledge Exchange <ul><li>Partnership between 4 national ICT bodies to license online resources across national borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK – JISC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands – SURFfoundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany – DFG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denmark – DEFF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aim of leveraging greater economies of scale in the licensing of online content on behalf of their communities and to develop new and innovative business models </li></ul><ul><li>Important to introduce transparency and efficiency to the licensing process </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers selected by a joint tender process run by the Knowledge Exchange through the EU competitive tender process </li></ul><ul><li>Discounts on pricing are based on levels of take up from each partner country </li></ul><ul><li>For further information: www.knowledge-exchange.info </li></ul>
  8. 8. Business and Community Engagement <ul><li>Government policy and institutional strategy are transforming the external relations of universities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner organisations in the UK and overseas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small and medium sized enterprises ‘incubated’ by the institution and undertaking commercial research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Previous versions of the model licence weren’t developed for this </li></ul><ul><li>JISC Collections updated the definition of an authorised user to allow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access for those staff not employed by an institution but teaching its students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access for retired members of staff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New framework licences to allow institutions to upgrade existing subscriptions to cover partner organisations in the UK and Overseas for Educational and Commercial Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Recent survey received over 128 responses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revealed difficulties with institutional implementation of the new licences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commissioning report to examine the role of JISC Collections in this area </li></ul>
  9. 9. Universal Access Model - Superbands <ul><li>Weaknesses of the ‘opt-in’ model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uneven access to core resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dependent on the institutional collections building policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dependent on the institutional budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impedes leveraging of spending power by institutions to maximise availability of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a model that allows both existing and ad-hoc consortia to come together to license collections - Superbands </li></ul><ul><li>Like JISC banding, Superbands are based on the public funding of the member organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Consortia ‘Superband’ derived from the total public funding of the members of the consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Superbands provide a transparent framework for negotiation of consortia agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Based on existing JISC Banded pricing for JISC Collections agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Currently consulting with SHEDL, CURL and institutions in Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Further consultation to come </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cross Sectoral Collaboration <ul><li>JISC Collections for Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot project funded by Becta to extend central licensing and negotiation to schools in England – Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales can participate in agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banding model based on FTE – higher the FTE higher the discount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model allows individual schools, ad hoc groups of schools, Regional Broadband Consortia, Local Authorities and Devolved Administrations to license resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>London Museum Libraries and Archives Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot licensing project funded by MLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banding model based on number of research staff in Museums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specially developed version of JISC Model licence to take account of museum requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scottish Library and Information Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Collections responsible for negotiating extensions to existing SLIC agreements </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Reflections and future activities 1 <ul><li>What have we learnt? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aligning different structures, ambitions, goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does each sector value different resources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Model Licence has acted as a sold basis for agreements with publishers across sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When has it worked well? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close working relationship between the partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of different needs of different sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When all sides have had time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What challenges have we faced? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar but not the same – not targeting the same goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectoral politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding metrics that work in different sectors </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reflections and future activities 2 <ul><li>Licences are only as good as the ability to implement them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine readable licences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional understanding of licensing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licences are only as good as the weakest licence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard clauses adopted by all publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paid for content is only part (and a shrinking part) of the overall content mix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access – SCOAP3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to make sure that we maximise access to the content we own rights in </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you for listening Liam Earney Collections Team Manager Email: [email_address] Telephone: 020 3006 6002

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