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Autumn—
Autumn—
Flooding—Descriptive 
Most of the time rainwater 
soaks into the ground. The 
water drains into rivers and 
sewers. Flooding happens when 
heavy rain cannot drain away 
quickly after heavy, fast rainfalls. 
During floods, the river or bayou 
water rises about the banks. 
The ground nearby is full of 
water, so the water just sits on 
top of the ground. In cities, low 
spots on the road fill with water. 
Drivers have to be careful. A car 
can float in only two feet of 
water! 
Writing Prompt: 
Where could a flood happen in 
your neighborhood? Is there a 
bayou near? Is there a low-lying 
area where the water stands after a 
big storm? 
Floods can damage homes and 
cars. Animals and their homes can 
be destroyed, too. With time the 
water recedes, or goes back to its 
normal leve.
Flooding—Narrative 
Most of the time rainwater 
soaks into the ground. The 
water drains into rivers and 
sewers. Flooding happens when 
heavy rain cannot drain away 
quickly after heavy, fast rainfalls. 
During floods, the river or bayou 
water rises about the banks. 
The ground nearby is full of 
water, so the water just sits on 
top of the ground. In cities, low 
spots on the road fill with water. 
Drivers have to be careful. A car 
can float in only two feet of 
water! 
Writing Prompt: 
Write what might have happened 
to the organisms that live in this 
flooded park. Did the animals stay? 
Did they leave? Where did they 
go? When did they come back? 
Floods can damage homes and 
cars. Animals and their homes can 
be destroyed, too. With time the 
water recedes, or goes back to its 
normal leve.
Lightning Storm—Descriptive 
Lightning is a burst of energy 
from a storm cloud. The 
lightning travels down from the 
cloud to the ground and right 
back up to the cloud as 
electricity. All we see is a 
bright flash. 
Lightning finds the shortest 
path to the ground or a tall 
object on the ground. That’s 
why it hits buildings or trees. 
Lightning is very dangerous—it 
can start fires or damage trees. 
Many people have been 
hurt by lightning. If you are 
outside see lightning or 
hear thunder, get inside as 
quickly as you can. 
Writing Prompt: 
Write a poem about thunder 
and lightning. Describe the 
shapes the lightning makes. 
What does the thunder sound 
like?
Lightning Storm—Expository 
Lightning is a burst of energy 
from a storm cloud. The 
lightning travels down from the 
cloud to the ground and right 
back up to the cloud as 
electricity. All we see is a 
bright flash. 
Lightning finds the shortest 
path to the ground or a tall 
object on the ground. That’s 
why it hits buildings or trees. 
Lightning is very dangerous—it 
can start fires or damage trees. 
Many people have been 
hurt by lightning. If you are 
outside see lightning or 
hear thunder, get inside as 
quickly as you can. 
Writing Prompt: 
Imagine you have a younger 
brother or sister who is 
frightened of lightning. 
Explain to them what 
lightning is. Tell them how to 
be safe during a lightning 
storm.
Writing Prompt: 
Think of an animal, bird, or insect 
that lives outside. Write about 
what the animal does in the spring. 
Where does it live? Where does it 
find food?
Writing Prompt: 
Imagine it is a warm spring day and 
you are outside. Use all your 
senses to describe what it is like. 
What do you see, hear, smell, taste, 
and touch on this beautiful spring 
day?
Summer 
In the summer
Summer 
In the summer
Winter—Expository 
Wow! It’s cold outside! In winter, the 
Earth tilts away from the sun. The days 
are shorter and the nights are longer. It 
is colder because we get less sunlight. 
Many places get freezing temperatures 
and snow. 
In winter, some plants rest. They have 
dropped their leaves and stopped 
growing for the season. Animals have a 
hard time finding food and keeping 
warm. Many of them hibernate. Others 
migrate to warmer areas. 
People have to be ready for the winter, 
too. We need heavier clothes. 
Sometimes we stay inside and keep 
warm! 
Writing Prompt: 
How is winter different than 
summer? Describe how the 
climate in your area is different in 
the winter. Be sure to talk about 
temperature, rainfall or snowfall, 
etc.
Winter—Persuasive 
Wow! It’s cold outside! In winter, the 
Earth tilts away from the sun. The days 
are shorter and the nights are longer. It 
is colder because we get less sunlight. 
Many places get freezing temperatures 
and snow. 
In winter, some plants rest. They have 
dropped their leaves and stopped 
growing for the season. Animals have a 
hard time finding food and keeping 
warm. Many of them hibernate. Others 
migrate to warmer areas. 
People have to be ready for the winter, 
too. We need heavier clothes. 
Sometimes we stay inside and keep 
warm! 
Writing Prompt: 
Do you like the cold and snow? How 
would you persuade your parents to 
let you go to Alaska to study the 
climate there? Give examples of what 
you might see and do while you were 
there.

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Weather, climate and seasons 5.8 a

  • 1.
  • 4. Flooding—Descriptive Most of the time rainwater soaks into the ground. The water drains into rivers and sewers. Flooding happens when heavy rain cannot drain away quickly after heavy, fast rainfalls. During floods, the river or bayou water rises about the banks. The ground nearby is full of water, so the water just sits on top of the ground. In cities, low spots on the road fill with water. Drivers have to be careful. A car can float in only two feet of water! Writing Prompt: Where could a flood happen in your neighborhood? Is there a bayou near? Is there a low-lying area where the water stands after a big storm? Floods can damage homes and cars. Animals and their homes can be destroyed, too. With time the water recedes, or goes back to its normal leve.
  • 5. Flooding—Narrative Most of the time rainwater soaks into the ground. The water drains into rivers and sewers. Flooding happens when heavy rain cannot drain away quickly after heavy, fast rainfalls. During floods, the river or bayou water rises about the banks. The ground nearby is full of water, so the water just sits on top of the ground. In cities, low spots on the road fill with water. Drivers have to be careful. A car can float in only two feet of water! Writing Prompt: Write what might have happened to the organisms that live in this flooded park. Did the animals stay? Did they leave? Where did they go? When did they come back? Floods can damage homes and cars. Animals and their homes can be destroyed, too. With time the water recedes, or goes back to its normal leve.
  • 6. Lightning Storm—Descriptive Lightning is a burst of energy from a storm cloud. The lightning travels down from the cloud to the ground and right back up to the cloud as electricity. All we see is a bright flash. Lightning finds the shortest path to the ground or a tall object on the ground. That’s why it hits buildings or trees. Lightning is very dangerous—it can start fires or damage trees. Many people have been hurt by lightning. If you are outside see lightning or hear thunder, get inside as quickly as you can. Writing Prompt: Write a poem about thunder and lightning. Describe the shapes the lightning makes. What does the thunder sound like?
  • 7. Lightning Storm—Expository Lightning is a burst of energy from a storm cloud. The lightning travels down from the cloud to the ground and right back up to the cloud as electricity. All we see is a bright flash. Lightning finds the shortest path to the ground or a tall object on the ground. That’s why it hits buildings or trees. Lightning is very dangerous—it can start fires or damage trees. Many people have been hurt by lightning. If you are outside see lightning or hear thunder, get inside as quickly as you can. Writing Prompt: Imagine you have a younger brother or sister who is frightened of lightning. Explain to them what lightning is. Tell them how to be safe during a lightning storm.
  • 8. Writing Prompt: Think of an animal, bird, or insect that lives outside. Write about what the animal does in the spring. Where does it live? Where does it find food?
  • 9. Writing Prompt: Imagine it is a warm spring day and you are outside. Use all your senses to describe what it is like. What do you see, hear, smell, taste, and touch on this beautiful spring day?
  • 10. Summer In the summer
  • 11. Summer In the summer
  • 12. Winter—Expository Wow! It’s cold outside! In winter, the Earth tilts away from the sun. The days are shorter and the nights are longer. It is colder because we get less sunlight. Many places get freezing temperatures and snow. In winter, some plants rest. They have dropped their leaves and stopped growing for the season. Animals have a hard time finding food and keeping warm. Many of them hibernate. Others migrate to warmer areas. People have to be ready for the winter, too. We need heavier clothes. Sometimes we stay inside and keep warm! Writing Prompt: How is winter different than summer? Describe how the climate in your area is different in the winter. Be sure to talk about temperature, rainfall or snowfall, etc.
  • 13. Winter—Persuasive Wow! It’s cold outside! In winter, the Earth tilts away from the sun. The days are shorter and the nights are longer. It is colder because we get less sunlight. Many places get freezing temperatures and snow. In winter, some plants rest. They have dropped their leaves and stopped growing for the season. Animals have a hard time finding food and keeping warm. Many of them hibernate. Others migrate to warmer areas. People have to be ready for the winter, too. We need heavier clothes. Sometimes we stay inside and keep warm! Writing Prompt: Do you like the cold and snow? How would you persuade your parents to let you go to Alaska to study the climate there? Give examples of what you might see and do while you were there.