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Physical 
Properties 
Does it Matter?
Magnetism 
• Matter that contains iron, iron 
alloys, or nickel will be 
attracted to a magnet 
• Not all metals are attracted to 
a magnet
Physical State 
• 3 forms: liquid, solid, or gas 
• Can change from one form to 
another by the processes of 
melting, freezing, evaporation, and 
condensation 
• Temperature changes are involved 
with changes in state
Mass 
• Mass is the amount of matter in 
an object. Mass is measured with 
a balance. 
• Mass is not the same as weight. 
• Weight is a result of the pull of 
gravity on an object and is 
measured with a scale.
Relative Density 
Sinking & Floating 
• Weight doesn’t determine if an 
object will sink or float. 
• How much space an object takes 
up and how much matter the 
object contains determines 
density.
Solubility in Water 
• Ability of a substance to dissolve 
when added to water 
• A liquid (ie: lemon juice), a solid 
(ie: powdered drink mix), or a gas 
(ie: carbon dioxide) can be 
dissolved in water.
Conduction 
• Some materials allow thermal 
(heat) energy or electrical 
energy to flow through them 
easily. 
• Such materials are called 
conductors.
Insulation 
• Some materials do not allow 
thermal (heat) energy or 
electrical energy to flow 
through them easily. 
• Such materials are called 
insulators.
Does it Matter? 
• Matter has… 
…measurable physical properties 
• Those properties determine… 
…how matter is classified, changed 
or used

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Intro to physical properties of matter

  • 2. Magnetism • Matter that contains iron, iron alloys, or nickel will be attracted to a magnet • Not all metals are attracted to a magnet
  • 3. Physical State • 3 forms: liquid, solid, or gas • Can change from one form to another by the processes of melting, freezing, evaporation, and condensation • Temperature changes are involved with changes in state
  • 4. Mass • Mass is the amount of matter in an object. Mass is measured with a balance. • Mass is not the same as weight. • Weight is a result of the pull of gravity on an object and is measured with a scale.
  • 5. Relative Density Sinking & Floating • Weight doesn’t determine if an object will sink or float. • How much space an object takes up and how much matter the object contains determines density.
  • 6. Solubility in Water • Ability of a substance to dissolve when added to water • A liquid (ie: lemon juice), a solid (ie: powdered drink mix), or a gas (ie: carbon dioxide) can be dissolved in water.
  • 7. Conduction • Some materials allow thermal (heat) energy or electrical energy to flow through them easily. • Such materials are called conductors.
  • 8. Insulation • Some materials do not allow thermal (heat) energy or electrical energy to flow through them easily. • Such materials are called insulators.
  • 9. Does it Matter? • Matter has… …measurable physical properties • Those properties determine… …how matter is classified, changed or used

Editor's Notes

  1. What about plasma as fourth form?