Religion: The beginning of the Second Great Awakening

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Religion: The beginning of the Second Great Awakening

  1. 1. RELIGION:THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING(LATE 1790S, EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY) By : Michelle Zheng
  2. 2. GLOSSARY DEFINITION Second Great Awakening- Religious revival characterized by emotional mass "camp meetings" and widespread conversion. Brought about a democratization of religion as a multiplicity of denominations vied for members. Source: AP Textbook
  3. 3. LYMAN BEECHER (OCT. 12, 1775 - JAN. 10, 1863) Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian minister, American Temperance Society co-founder and a father of 13 children. Achieved in national fame as reformer, educator, and central figure in theological controversies. A leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States. The college president, Timothy Dwight, influenced his religious beliefs and enthusiasm for revivalism. In 1799 he was ordained as pastor of the Presbyterian Church at East Hampton, Long Island, NY. In 1826, he became pastor of the Hanover Street Church of Boston which resulted him in spiritual awakening and his reputation to defend Orthodoxy against Unitarianism. Source: http://www.nndb.com/people/095/000100792/
  4. 4. LYMAN BEECHER Source: Google Images
  5. 5. ASAHEL NETTLETON (APRIL 21, 1783 - MAY 16, 1844) Asahel Nettleton was an American theologian and pastor from Connecticut who was highly influential during the Second Great Awakening. By the time he graduated, his theological beliefs were settled. He believed that "man was dead in sin" and "conversion was the work of God, not man." His aim in preaching was to convince his audience the reality and horror of sin. Source: http://www.ccwonline.org/anettel.html
  6. 6. ASAHEL NETTLETON Source: Google Images
  7. 7. CAMP MEETING  The first camp meeting was held in Kentucky, on July of 1800 by Rev. James McCready.  Source: http://www.teachushistory.or g/second-great-awakening- age-Methodist camp meeting reform/articles/religious-of the Second Great revivals-revivalism-1830s-Awakening, 1839 new-englandSource: Google Images
  8. 8. REFORM/CHANGE GOING ON IN AMERICA Americans began to bring back interest of their religions. There was a large increase in numbers of church memberships, missionary zeal at home and abroad, and the proliferation of religious meetings during the week. Religious Movements Reform Movements such as temperance, abolition, and womens rights. Source: http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age- reform/articles/religious-revivals-revivalism-1830s-new-england Source: http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age- reform
  9. 9. HOW DID THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING AFFECT AMERICA? The Second Great Awakening was an emphasis on personal beliefs over school and theology. It arose in several places and in several active forms: social activism and movements.
  10. 10. HOW DID THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING AFFECT THE OVERALL AMERICAN IDENTITY? Many Americans were involved in the Second Great Awakening. It affected everyone in general. More Americans began to bring back interests in their religion, memberships of churches, and attend town meetings during the week. In a website, it said, "Participants in revivals ascribed their occurrence and success to the workings of the Holy Spirit." The quote itself can mean different things, but I think it means people began to see how the society changes: the emotions of people, life, and those on the frontiers. Source: http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening- age-reform/articles/religious-revivals-revivalism-1830s-new- england

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