A 3D Future

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a quick look at what's being printed in 3d, how it works, and brainstorming exercises o the possibilities of how it will change industries and lives.

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A 3D Future

  1. 1. A 3D FUTURE THE THIRD MANUFACTURING REVOLUTION april 2013 @michelebkim
  2. 2. FORECASTING THE FUTURE
  3. 3. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY “The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible.” - Arthur C. Clarke
  4. 4. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY R2D2 DISPLAYS HOLOGRAPHIC TUPAC AT 2012 COACHELLA
  5. 5. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY TERMINATOR TRANSMETROPOLITAN GOOGLE GLASSES
  6. 6. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY UNIVERSAL TRANSLATOR GOOGLE TRANSLATE
  7. 7. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY ROBOTS BAXTER
  8. 8. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY BACK TO THE FUTURE HOVER
  9. 9. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY Jean Grey Telekinesis XWave
  10. 10. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY Professor X Mind controlled robotic arm
  11. 11. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY LIGHT SABER LASER SWORD
  12. 12. SCI-FI PREDICTIONS THAT EXIST TODAY REPLICATOR 3D PRINTER
  13. 13. 3D PRINTING IS IN IT’S INFANCY
  14. 14. AND LIKE WITH ANYTHING NEW, TRULY DISRUPTIVE, OR SOMETHING PEOPLE DON’T UNDERSTAND, THERE WILL BE HATERS
  15. 15. “This telephone has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication.” Internal Memo Western Union,1876
  16. 16. “I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.” Thomas Watson Chairman of IBM, 1943
  17. 17. “There is no reason why anyone would want a computer in their home.” Ken Olsen Digital Equipment 1977
  18. 18. BUT FOR THOSE NERDS WHO DARE TO DREAM…
  19. 19. “We are not even close to finishing the basic dream of what the PC can be.” Bill Gates
  20. 20. SO WHAT ABOUT 3D PRINTERS?
  21. 21. PERCEPTION What are they? Too large to be practical. A toy for nerds. Too expensive. 3D Printers are good for making 3D printers (or other useless things.) Might be interesting in the future.
  22. 22. REALITY Additive manufacturing tool Comes 8x8 to industrial Will shape industries Cost of an iPhone It saves lives It’s happening now
  23. 23. 1 HOW IT WORKS Choose a design: Open source designs 3D Scan to Model Design your own Download design 2 Choose material: Currently over 30 materials available Including: Sterling Silver Stainless Steel Leather Sandstone Material that mimic human cells 3 Print: Process called “Additive Manufacturing” Finish
  24. 24. Starting as low as… $499!
  25. 25. NOT JUST FOR NERDS
  26. 26. “THE FUTURE IS ALREADY HERE. IT IS JUST NOT VERY EVENLY DISTRIBUTED” - William Gibson, Sci-Fi writer
  27. 27. WE’VE ALREADY PRINTED A SHIT TON OF COOL THINGS.
  28. 28. GADGETS & GIZMOS A PLENTY Fully function instruments and camera parts.
  29. 29. People are already innovating on design and function. To the right a 3D printing “Pen” 3Doodler raised more than $2M on Kickstarter. Below, a 3D Printing “Vending Machine”
  30. 30. Brands are starting to play Staples sells home printers in stores Amazon 3D store and online market Google Sketchup 3D Warehouse Makerbot storefront
  31. 31. FASHION The piece’s intricate lace-like texture was created with precision by lasers (in a process known as Laser Sintering) and would have been impossible to realize any other way. Recycle Clothes into New designs PERFECTLY FORMED TO YOUR BODY DITA VON TEESE
  32. 32. The gun was assembled from separate printed components made from ABS plastic - only the firing pin was made from metal WEAPONS Parts for Assault Rifles. Blueprints for parts have already been downloaded hundreds of thousands of times
  33. 33. AUTOMOBILES & PLANES Urbee can drive from SF to NY on $10 of gas. GE and China are developing parts for jets and planes to reduce costs.
  34. 34. BUILDINGS Intricate designs Reduce waste and labor Flexible, custom Can print entire zones
  35. 35. Electronics Battery smaller than a gran of sand which means high powered tiny robots and mini medical implants. Motion sensor gloves Button sensors
  36. 36. IDENTICAL IMPLANTS Teeth, jaws, splints, prosthetics and parts of skulls that are perfect duplicates of patient’s are being implanted saving lives!
  37. 37. BIOPRINTING LIVING CELLS We’re even printing human stem cells, meat, human organs, urethras, and entire body parts and even DNA. Pictures: Ear, DNA, steak, human stem cells, lung “[Our lab uses] a desktop inkjet printer, but instead of using ink, we're using cells.”
  38. 38. SORCERY. ALCHEMY. SCIENCE. “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” Arthur C. Clarke
  39. 39. CURRENT LIMITATIONS Quality, Materials, Speed, Cost, Time The 3rd power law of 3-D printing: Everything from cost and time to amount of material increases to the third power. BUT REALLY, 3D HAS ALREADY DONE SO MUCH... 40
  40. 40. WHAT ABOUT THE FUTURE? Intellectual Property Goods Capital Human Capital Health & Medicine Laws and Regulations Environmental Impact Manufacturing Consumption Behavior
  41. 41. & as brand builders what about our clients?
  42. 42. The average life expectancy of a Fortune 500 firm has dropped from 75 years in 1937 to 5 years today.
  43. 43. Put on your thinking caps.
  44. 44. OVERVIEW OF 3D Design: Impossibly intricate (The more intricate, the less cost. Flipping traditional design strategy in manufacturing.) Customizable Efficient Easy access to online community of designs, or simply 3D scan (Kinect ps4) Materials: From ceramic to human stem cells Environment: Recyclable Less waste Encourages re-use Auto/plane less emissions B2B- B2C structure: Direct to consumer? Peer to peer? Store layouts? A printer in every home? Specialty hubs? Bio: Guilt free meat? Possibly a “disease free” world Legal: Intellectual property theft Regulations need evolving Business: Spurs rapid prototyping & innovation Designers: Artistic & technical skill become high value 45
  45. 45. KILL INDUSTRIES “Musicians used to make money selling music. Now Apple makes money selling music.”
  46. 46. How will 3D printers one day shape and kill industries? What are all the things we use daily that we can 3D print one day? 5 min Work in groups/partners to kill as many industries as possible. Write as many as you can think of with an explanation for how. If people will one day be able to print everything they need, that means the designs and raw material will be what is valuable. With information piracy rampant, how will companies protect their designs? Will people even need stores?
  47. 47. SAVE THE WORLD
  48. 48. What are all the beautiful possibilities of 3D printing? How will this reduce environmental impact? 5 min Are we going to print our bacon? Is that better for the world? Work with a different partner/group to think of as many ways as possible 3D printing can do good in the world. Come up with as much as you can. Can we place 3D printers in developing countries to provide printed aid, or glasses, etc.
  49. 49. INVENT SOMETHING
  50. 50. How will 3D printing help spur entrepreneurship? What are things you’d like to invent or prototype using a 3d printer? 5 min Individually or with a partner, come up with a cool idea, invention, business, process, way of doing things that might be possible with 3D printing. Draw if you want to. In the way Etsy and Kickstarter has empowered thousands to chase their dreams and make whatever makes them happy, what kind of cool/strange/weird things will come out of 3d printing?
  51. 51. THE FUTURE IS [CRAZY]
  52. 52. THE FUTURE IS [WEIRD]
  53. 53. THE FUTURE IS [SCARY]
  54. 54. THE FUTURE IS [EXCITING]
  55. 55. AND ONLY LIMITED TO OUR IMAGINATIONS
  56. 56. “[Every Steve Jobs Quote Ever.]” Steve Jobs
  57. 57. THANK YOU.
  58. 58. links Guitar- Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/jun/ 15/3d-printing-revolutionising-guitar-making 3D Car http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/plastic-3d-printedcar-ready-for-the-streets/14330 3D printer mimic human-like tissue http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ 2013/04/05/3d-printed-cells-tissue-human_n_3021600.html Additive Manufacturing – The Engineer http://www.theengineer.co.uk/ in-depth/the-big-story/the-rise-of-additive-manufacturing/ 1002560.article Dreambox Vending Machine http://mashable.com/2013/03/07/ dreambox-3d-printing-vending-machine/ http://blog.makezine.com/volume/make-ultimate-guide-to-3dprinting/ Modern Meadow Printing Meat http://www.core77.com/blog/ digital_fabrication/ modern_meadow_ceo_on_the_merits_of_3d_printed_meat_24475.as p http://www.businessinsider.com/next-phase-3d-printing-inchina-2013-4 Make Eyewear http://www.makeeyewear.com/ 3D Couture - Paris Fashion Week http://www.pddnet.com/news/ 2013/01/wearable-stratasys-and-materialise-3d-printed-pieces-hitparis-fashion-week 3D Gun site gets license to make and sell Firearms http:// venturebeat.com/2013/03/17/defense-distributed-federal-license/ Defense Distributed Master Plan http://defensedistributed.com/ proofgun-2/ 3D printer could test gun-control efforts – Washington Post http:// www.washingtonpost.com/local/weapons-made-with-3-d-printerscould-test-gun-control-efforts/ 2013/02/18/9ad8b45e-779b-11e2-95e4-6148e45d7adb_story.htm l 1899 view of 2000 http://publicdomainreview.org/2012/06/30/ france-in-the-year-2000-1899-1910/ Figurines http://laughingsquid.com/3d-printer-photo-booth-makesfigurines-instead-of-photos/ 3D Skull – Mashable http://mashable.com/2013/03/07/3d-printedskull/ 3D Printing Clothes at Home http://www.psfk.com/2013/03/3dprinted-clothes.html http://jhharris.prosite.com/104313/973830/ work/design-for-2050-clothing-printer Camera Gear –Thingiverse http://www.thingiverse.com/7777773/ collections/camera-gear/page:1 3D Bike http://www.engadget.com/2011/03/09/eadss-airbike-isa-3d-printed-nylon-bicycle-actually-looks-rat/ First 3D printed human liver http://www.newscientist.com/article/ dn23419-3d-printer-makes-tiniest-human-liver-ever.html?cmpid=RSS %7CNSNS%7C2012-GLOBAL%7Conline-news 3D Printed Ear http://www.livescience.com/27280-3d-printed-earcreated.html 3D Printed Organs http://www.designboom.com/technology/3dprinted-organs-from-regenerative-living-cells/ Where to download design files http://www.solidoodle.com/how-to-2/ where-to-download-3d-files/ http://www.engadget.com/2013/04/22/inside-3d-printingconference-and-expo/ http://www.bklyndesigns.com/#attend http://blog.makezine.com/2013/04/25/make-visits-the-inauguralinside-3d-printing-conference-expo/ http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/ http://www.mediabistro.com/inside3dprinting/ http://www.cassandradaily.com/tech/close-encounters-of-the-3d-kind/ Pirate site for 3D Designs http://thepiratebay.se/blog/203 http://gizmodo.com/5994293/3d-printed-headphones-you-canbuild-from-the-ground-up Printing a Human Kidney – TED http://www.ted.com/talks/ anthony_atala_printing_a_human_kidney.html http://boingboing.net/2013/06/10/how-3d-printing-will-rebuildr.html 3D Flute - Engadget http://www.engadget.com/2010/12/29/3dprinted-concert-flute-rapidly-prototypes-sound-video/ 3D print 2012 Year in Review http://www.3ders.org/articles/ 20121220-3d-printing-in-2012-year-in-review.html 3D Printing Revolution Infographic http://holykaw.alltop.com/3dprinting-how-long-til-the-revolution-infographic Ponoko Making System http://www.ponoko.com/3d-printing Planningness Bud Caddell http://vimeo.com/42811532 Fortune 500 Turnover http://www.kauffman.org/uploadedFiles/ fortune_500_turnover.pdf

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