Read the following sentences:They invited Joe for the party.Joe was invited for the party.They have prepared the party.The party has been prepared. preparedWhat is the difference?Who is responsible for the action in both sentences?Passive voice is used to indicate that an action was done, andwe do not, necessarily, need to know who was responsible forthe action.
Structure TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLEExamples:The exercise is done everyday.The exercise was done yesterday.The exercise is being done now.The exercise was being done when I arrived.The exercise will be done.The exercise is going to be done.The exercise has been done.The exercise must be done.The exercise could be done.The exercise would be done, if they had time.
See the difference:He’s invited his friends for the party.He’s invited for every party at school.Is it Present Perfect or Passive voice? Why?.
Now, read the following text and tryto identify all the passive voice used.However, pay attention to the storyand, if it is possible:Identify the person responsible forthe actions.Identify the verb tense, and how itwas used.Identify the subject of thesentence.
It is the world’s number one brand and it isrecognized by 94% of the world’s population!For many years now, Coca-cola has been asymbol of American culture. It is also the bestselling soft drink in the world. More than60.000 products from the Coca-Colacompany are drunk around the world everyminute.
One hundred years ago, few man wore wristwatches: but the Rolexcompany – based in Switzerland since 1908 – changed all that. Theygave us the first wristwatches, to show the date, the first divingwatches, the first sports watch, the first watch to show different timezones... And now Rolex watches (with prices that range from $3,000 to$20,000) are worn as a status symbol all over the world.
Although most people inconsumer surveys guess thatNokia is a Japanese company, it’sactually from Northern Europe!Originally a paper factory on thebanks of the river Nokia inFinland, it became the world’sleading mobile phone companyin the late 1990s. Their firstcommercial mobile, the MobiraTalkman, which appeared in1984, weighed 5kg. The latestmodels are a bit lighter.
Samsung (the name means “three stars”) began as acompany in 1938. It originally produced noodles anddried fish!. However, the company has come a longway since then. Mobile phones, digital cameras, flatscreen TVs, DVD players... You name it, are allmanufactured by this electronics giant from SouthKorea.
The makers of cars driven by the rich andfamous, the Mercedes company has its base inGermany. Emil Jallinek, a wealthy banker whobought and loved cars, named the car after hisnine-year-old daughter. And the famous three-point Mercedes star was designed to symbolizethe growth of the business into transport onland, sea and air.
The famous face which is seen at more than 9,000 KFC restaurants worldwide actuallybelonged to a real person: Colonel Harland Sanders. At different times he was a soldier,an insurance agent, a tire salesman and worked in his parents’ petrol station. When hesaw people were more interested in his home-made food than the petrol he was selling,he decided to open his first restaurant in Utah, USA, in the early 1950s. Colonel Sandersis also remembered for organizing the biggest party in history – about 35,000 peopleattended his seventy-ninth birthday in 1970.
Look at the objects and say which one do the followingsentences refer to:1.It’s mainly used by women. It’s usually sold in chemist’s shops. It’s usually kept in a handbag or purse.2. They’re usually made of plastic. They’re sometimes kept in people’s bathroom. They are used more by men than by women.3.They’re accepted all over the world. They’re usually made of plastic. They’re usually used by millions of people everyday to buythings.Now, it’s your turn, try to make sentences for the other objects.USE PASSIVE VOICE.
Some curiosities: Which one do you think it’s true?1.The first dark glasses: a. were made to help pilots flying. b. were used by blind people. c. were worn in China by Chinese judges.2.The first blue jeans: a. were designed as working clothes by man called LeviStrauss. b. were made in China in the 1960s.3.The first liquid shampoo: a. was invented by a Frenchman called Charles Champú. b. was used in India over two thousand years ago. c. was developed by a bald man.4. Chanel’s most famous perfume is called No 5 because: a. No 5 was its inventor’s lucky number. b. it took five years to develop it. c. it was created in 1905.
Let’s practice:Choose the best form (active or passive) to complete thesentences:a.The disposable razor invented / was invented by KingCamp Gillette.b. Hungarian journalist Lászlo Biro invented / was inventedthe world’s first ballpoint pen in the 1930s.c. The DVD player is now the world’s number oneentertainment product. The first one manufactured / wasmanufactured in 1997.d. In 2003, Google voted / was voted the world’s mostpopular Internet search engine.
Now, it’s your turn to do some research on: some products invented, used or created and talk a littlebit about them.Some sports or activities done or taken nowadays.Any situation that it was already invented or thought .You have to use passive voice in most of the sentences.(Any verb tense)You can say how, when, where was created.You can say how it is used / eaten / prepared nowadays.