February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas
Part 2: Android Application Development 101
Mike Rivera - Señior A...
All about Android Development
✤ First things first
✤ Android Application Components
✤ User Interface
✤ Application Resourc...
February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas
First things first
Tools you need to learn and understand.
Tools needed
✤ Java SDK
✤ Eclipse IDE
✤ Android SDK
✤ Android Developer Tool (ADT , Eclipse Plug-in)
✤ YOU!
Java SDK
Go To >
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads
Download Java Development Kit (JDK) 6 Update 22(o...
Simply learn basic Java!
✤ Read about their Variables
✤ Operators
✤ Expressions, Statements and Blocks
✤ Control Flow Stat...
Want to learn more about Java?
✤ If you still have the urge read on OOP
more.
✤ Understand their Classes and Objects
✤ Don...
Eclipse IDE
Go To > http://eclipse.org/downloads/
Download Eclipse IDE for Java Developers (32 bit or 64 bit)
Unzip the fi...
Android SDK
Download and Install the SDK Starter Package
Select a starter package from the Android Developer Site and down...
Android Application Components
✤ Activites
✤ Services
✤ BroadcastReceivers
✤ ContentProviders
Intents
Activities
✤ Presentation Layer of the
Application you are
building
✤ For each screen you need
a matching Activity
✤ An Ac...
Intents
✤ Represents events or
actions
✤ They are to Android Apps
what hyperlinks are to
websites. Sort of.
✤ Holds conten...
Services
✤ Represents events or
actions
✤ Do not interact with the
users.
✤ Can update your data
sources and Activities,
a...
ContentProviders
✤ Manage and share
application across
application boundaries
✤ Data can be stored in the
file system, in ...
BroadcastReceivers
✤ Listen for broadcast
Intents that match some
defined filter criteria
✤ Can automatically start
your a...
User Interfaces
✤ There are two UI approaches: procedural and declarative (xml code)
✤ You can mix both approaches.
User Interfaces
Best Practice
✤ Start with XML (declarative), and create most of the UI’s.
✤ Switch to Java and implement ...
UI: Views and ViewGroups
UI: Views
✤ Basic UI Component
✤ A.k.a Widgets / Control
✤ Responsible for drawing and event-
handling.
✤ Android UI inclu...
UI: ViewGroups
✤ A.k.a Layouts
✤ Most common way to define your
layout and express the view
hierarchy is with an XML layou...
UI: Dialogs and Menus
Dialogs
a small window that appears in front of the current Activity
(Alert,Progress,DatePicker, Tim...
Application Resources
External files (that are, non-code files) that are used by your code and
compiled into your applicat...
AndroidManifest.xml
✤ It describes the components of the application — the activities,
services, broadcast receivers, and ...
AndroidManifest.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest . . . >
<application . . . >
<activity android:name="...
How to create Android Apps?
✤ All our tools are set (right?)
✤ We create an AVD (Android Virtual Device)
✤ Create New Andr...
How to publish Android Apps?
Before you consider your application ready for release:
1.Test your application extensively o...
How to publish Android Apps?
1.) When testing was successfully passed ( you think so?)
• ) Go to Android Market
1.) Create...
February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas
Your Turn...
Hands-on , creating your first Android Application
February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas
Need more information about Android?
We are done...got questions?
30
References
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Android_(operating_system)
• http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/opensource/lib...
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Part 2 android application development 101

  1. 1. February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas Part 2: Android Application Development 101 Mike Rivera - Señior Android Developer @ Excitor Asia
  2. 2. All about Android Development ✤ First things first ✤ Android Application Components ✤ User Interface ✤ Application Resources ✤ AndroidManifest.xml ✤ How to create Android Apps? ✤ How to Publish Android Applications?
  3. 3. February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas First things first Tools you need to learn and understand.
  4. 4. Tools needed ✤ Java SDK ✤ Eclipse IDE ✤ Android SDK ✤ Android Developer Tool (ADT , Eclipse Plug-in) ✤ YOU!
  5. 5. Java SDK Go To > http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads Download Java Development Kit (JDK) 6 Update 22(or higher) Install JDK to your local drive (remember the location)
  6. 6. Simply learn basic Java! ✤ Read about their Variables ✤ Operators ✤ Expressions, Statements and Blocks ✤ Control Flow Statements You’re set and ready to go on with Android Programming !
  7. 7. Want to learn more about Java? ✤ If you still have the urge read on OOP more. ✤ Understand their Classes and Objects ✤ Don’t forget Interfaces and Inheritance If time permits, understand them (YOU should!)
  8. 8. Eclipse IDE Go To > http://eclipse.org/downloads/ Download Eclipse IDE for Java Developers (32 bit or 64 bit) Unzip the file to your desired location Look for the Eclipse Icon and click it to start. Select your Operating System (Mac,Windows or Linux)
  9. 9. Android SDK Download and Install the SDK Starter Package Select a starter package from the Android Developer Site and download it to your development computer. To install the SDK, simply unpack the starter package to a safe location and then add the location to your PATH. If you are developing in Eclipse, set up a remote update site at https://dl-ssl.google.com/android/eclipse/. Install the Android Development Tools (ADT) Plugin, restart Eclipse, and set the "Android" preferences in Eclipse to point to the SDK install location. Install the ADT Plugin for Eclipse Use the Android SDK and AVD Manager, included in the SDK starter package, to add one or more Android platforms (for example, Android 1.6 or Android 2.2) and other components to your SDK Add Android platforms and other components to your SDK
  10. 10. Android Application Components ✤ Activites ✤ Services ✤ BroadcastReceivers ✤ ContentProviders Intents
  11. 11. Activities ✤ Presentation Layer of the Application you are building ✤ For each screen you need a matching Activity ✤ An Activity uses Views to build the User Interfaces ✤ Represents a screen or window. Sort of.
  12. 12. Intents ✤ Represents events or actions ✤ They are to Android Apps what hyperlinks are to websites. Sort of. ✤ Holds content of the message ✤ Can be implicit or explicit.
  13. 13. Services ✤ Represents events or actions ✤ Do not interact with the users. ✤ Can update your data sources and Activities, and trigger specific notifications.
  14. 14. ContentProviders ✤ Manage and share application across application boundaries ✤ Data can be stored in the file system, in an SQLite database, or in any other manner that makes sense. ✤ Ex. of built-in content providers: Contacts & MediaStore.
  15. 15. BroadcastReceivers ✤ Listen for broadcast Intents that match some defined filter criteria ✤ Can automatically start your application as a response to an intent. ✤ Intent-based published subscribe mechanism. Listens for system events like SMS.
  16. 16. User Interfaces ✤ There are two UI approaches: procedural and declarative (xml code) ✤ You can mix both approaches.
  17. 17. User Interfaces Best Practice ✤ Start with XML (declarative), and create most of the UI’s. ✤ Switch to Java and implement the UI logic by hooking up the control Id. From your xml layout code: <ListView android:id="@+id/myListView" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" /> From your Activity class code: ListView myListView = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.myListView); Procedural code: ListView myListView = new ListView(this); setContentView(myTextView);
  18. 18. UI: Views and ViewGroups
  19. 19. UI: Views ✤ Basic UI Component ✤ A.k.a Widgets / Control ✤ Responsible for drawing and event- handling. ✤ Android UI includes many modern UI’s widgets and composite ones such as Buttons, Tabs, ListViews, ProgressBar, Time and Date Pickers etc.
  20. 20. UI: ViewGroups ✤ A.k.a Layouts ✤ Most common way to define your layout and express the view hierarchy is with an XML layout file ✤ Using more and different kinds of view groups, you can structure child views and view groups in an infinite number of ways. LinearLayout: one of the most commonly used layout
  21. 21. UI: Dialogs and Menus Dialogs a small window that appears in front of the current Activity (Alert,Progress,DatePicker, TimePicker and a custom one) Menus Concerned about having to much functionality on the screen => use menus
  22. 22. Application Resources External files (that are, non-code files) that are used by your code and compiled into your application at build time. Android supports a number of different kinds of resource files, including XML, PNG, and JPEG files. At compile time, Android generates a class named R that contains resource identifiers to all the resources in your program. This class contains several subclasses, one for each type of resource supported by Android, and for which you provided a resource file. • res/anim - XML files for animations • res/drawable – image files • res/layout – XML files for screen layouts • res/values – XML files that can be compiled into many kinds of resources • res/xml – Arbitrary XML files that are compiled and can be read at run time. • res/raw – Arbitrary files to copy directly to the device
  23. 23. AndroidManifest.xml ✤ It describes the components of the application — the activities, services, broadcast receivers, and content providers that the application is composed of. ✤ It declares which permissions the application must have in order to access protected parts of the API and interact with other applications. ✤ It declares the minimum level of the Android API that the application requires. ✤ It lists the libraries that the application must be linked against. Remember this is the most important file & these are just some of the things it can do.
  24. 24. AndroidManifest.xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <manifest . . . > <application . . . > <activity android:name="com.example.FreneticActivity" android:icon="@drawable/small_pic.png" android:label="@string/freneticLabel" . . . > </activity> . . . </application> </manifest>
  25. 25. How to create Android Apps? ✤ All our tools are set (right?) ✤ We create an AVD (Android Virtual Device) ✤ Create New Android Project ✤ Construct the UI (either in java or xml) ✤ Do our logic in Java. ✤ Build,Compile and Run ✤ Check logs and other cool stuff in DDMS ✤ Debug if necessary!
  26. 26. How to publish Android Apps? Before you consider your application ready for release: 1.Test your application extensively on an actual device 2.Consider adding an End User License Agreement in your application 3.Consider adding licensing support 4.Specify an icon and label in the application's manifest 5.Turn off logging and debugging and clean up data/files Before you do the final compile of your application: 1.Version your application 2.Obtain a suitable cryptographic key 3.Register for a Maps API Key, if your application is using MapView elements Compile your application After you compile your application: •Sign your application •Test your compiled application
  27. 27. How to publish Android Apps? 1.) When testing was successfully passed ( you think so?) • ) Go to Android Market 1.) Create an account (pay $25 one time devoper fee) • ) Follow instructions from there 1.) Congratulations you just published your first ever Android Application • ) Now wait for the revenue to get into your bank! * Check on the customers feedback it will help you create the application much better!
  28. 28. February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas Your Turn... Hands-on , creating your first Android Application
  29. 29. February 19, 2011 @ De La Salle University - Dasmariñas Need more information about Android? We are done...got questions?
  30. 30. 30 References • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Android_(operating_system) • http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/opensource/library/os-android- • http://www.wrox.com/WileyCDA/WroxTitle/Professional-Android-A • http://groups.google.com/group/android-beginners • http://developer.android.com/index.html • Androidtapp.com • Ed Brunette Hello Android 30

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