The meaning-first approach to vocabulary teaching Eliciting Concept-checking Drilling Practice
Stage 1: Convey meaningYou need some way of communicating the meaningof the word or phrase to your students.This can be done in many ways, the most effective isusing visual aids, but this is not always possible.Other ways are: realia, definition, translation,situation, etc
Stage 2: Elicit or teach the word orphrase It’s important to match the meaning of a word to the form of the word. To involve your learners and find out what they know you should always try to elicit the word from your students.
Stage 3: Check that studentsunderstand the word or phrase If you elicit a word from one student you need to check that the other students in the other class understand the word fully. You can ask questions, show pictures, ask for Korean translations or definitions, for example.
Stage 4: Model and drill the wordor phrase Students need to know how to pronounce the word, especially if they need it for their future job/career. You can do this by saying the word to your students clearly and asking them to repeat it. It’s a good idea to do this chorally first and then ask individuals to repeat it, so that you can check their accuracy.
Stage 5: Consolidate the writtenword The written form of English doesn’t help students to pronounce the word correctly and also the written form is more difficult to remember than hearing the word. This stage should come after you have checked meaning and pronunciation.
Stage 6: Practice the target wordSome of your students probably still don’t understandthe new word or phrase, so it’s important toconsolidate their understanding with a vocabularypractice activity or game, e.g. role play, bingo,hangman, etc.It’s important to recycle the vocabulary in futurelessons to help students remember the new word orphrase