Wofi adult 1_-_independence


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Wofi adult 1_-_independence

  1. 1. Write on for Israel <ul><li>Israel Advocacy Training </li></ul><ul><li>Week 1 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Historical Background <ul><li>Antiquity </li></ul><ul><li>Exile </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Zionism </li></ul><ul><li>1947-1949 </li></ul><ul><li>The Problem of Refugees </li></ul>
  3. 3. Map of first kingdoms
  4. 4. Years of Diaspora <ul><li>313 - Byzantine Rule </li></ul><ul><li>636 - Arabian Rule </li></ul><ul><li>1099 - Crusader Rule </li></ul><ul><li>1291 - Mamluk Rule </li></ul><ul><li>1517 - Ottoman Rule </li></ul><ul><li>1918 - British Rule </li></ul>
  5. 5. Map of Diaspora age
  6. 6. The Zionist movement <ul><li>The Zionist Idea </li></ul><ul><li>Herzl </li></ul><ul><li>The Five Aliyot </li></ul><ul><li>British Mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Arab-Jewish Conflict </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arab-Jewish Conflict <ul><li>Arab Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>The Mufti </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes and “intifada”s </li></ul>
  8. 8. Underground Armies <ul><ul><li>Hagana - Palmach (Havlaga policy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etzel - Irgun Tzevai Leumi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lechi - Luchamei Cheirut Yisrael </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Unscop - 1947 <ul><li>Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced Person Camps </li></ul><ul><li>Exodus </li></ul>
  10. 10. partition Plan <ul><li>Two State Solution </li></ul>
  11. 11. War of Independence <ul><li>Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Arab Invasion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Arab Invasion
  13. 13. The State of Israel
  14. 14. Benny Morris- The New Historians <ul><li>The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949 (1988) </li></ul><ul><li>The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited (2004) </li></ul>228 Abandoned Arab Villages 41 - Expelled 90 - Fled 46 - Unknown
  15. 15. Deir Yassin
  16. 16. Arab Refugees
  17. 17. Jewish Refugees
  18. 18. Declaration of Independence (May 14, 1948) <ul><li>“ We appeal - in the very midst of the onslaught launched against us now for months - to the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to preserve peace and participate in the upbuilding of the State on the basis of full and equal citizenship and due representation in all its provisional and permanent institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ We extend our hand to all neighbouring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighbourliness , and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land. The State of Israel is prepared to do its share in a common effort for the advancement of the entire Middle East. “ </li></ul>- Source : Declaration of Independence of The State of Israel, paragraph 16,17 www.mfa.gov.il
  19. 19. May 15, 1948: Arab Response “ Our position is clear, and has been proclaimed on every occasion. It is never to allow the creation of a Jewish State in Palestine, and to exclude partition.” Prime Minister of Transjordan, Tawfiq Abu al-Huda, as quoted in UN Progress Report on Palestine
  20. 20. <ul><li>UN definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ [A person who] owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted . . . is outside the country of his nationality” </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>War, famine, displacement, escaping conflict </li></ul><ul><li>20 th Century Refugees: </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70 million refugees in post-WWII Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Countless numbers in Africa from numerous civil wars </li></ul>Refugees
  21. 21. Palestinian Refugees UNRWA (Not UNHCR): United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (founded in 1949) Palestinian Refugee Definition: Persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948, who lost both their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict [including] the descendants of persons who became refugees in 1948. Number of Palestinian refugees: 1950: 914,000 2005: over 4.2 million
  22. 22. The Forgotten Refugees
  23. 23. Palestinian-Arab Refugees Used as Pawns <ul><li>“ Since 1948 Arab leaders  have approached the Palestine problem in an irresponsible manner…. They have used the  Palestinian people for selfish political purposes. This is ridiculous and, I could say, criminal.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Hussein of Jordan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily Star (Beirut), Jan. 19, 1960 </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Camp David, July 2000
  25. 25. Camp David Proposal Source: Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace
  26. 26. World Public Opinion Poll “ As was the case a year ago, Iran and Israel received the most negative ratings…” worldpublicopinion.org
  27. 27. Responses to reading at OSU <ul><li>“ I didn't know about the way Israel constructed the check points and the roads. Its like they are herding the Palestinians like animals... I absolutely could not believe how evil these people were.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I know that the relationship between the US and Israel will never change, but I can't believe that our Government, present and past, would allow and support this kind of Government.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Palestinians people lost everything they had before and Israel took a land which is not belonging to them and the Israeli government said they want to live in peace which I think untrue” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Our Guiding Question Why is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities?
  29. 34. The Elephant <ul><li>The Elephant Exercise: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zooming in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zooming out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Arab-Israeli Conflict? </li></ul>
  30. 35. Partial Truth
  31. 36. Essential Context www.intelligence.org.il (3/29/2002)
  32. 37. Our Guiding Question Why is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities? Many academics, journalists and community leaders have provided only a partial picture of complex issues.