Sustainableagriculture

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Sustainableagriculture

  1. 1. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable Agriculture
  2. 2. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Impacts of Sprawl -NRI 87-92 vs. 92-97  Conversions up from  1.2 Million Acres per year to  2.2 Million Acres per year
  3. 3. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture National Map
  4. 4. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Conversions American Converted 6,000,000 Acres from 92-97  (=~12Alabama Counties) Conversions are a one time crop
  5. 5. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Alabama Map
  6. 6. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Alabama’s Standing State ranks 13th in total conversions  87-92 130,000 Acres (26K/yr)  92-97 315,000 Acres (63K/yr) State ranks 10th in Prime Farmland losses to development
  7. 7. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Top 20
  8. 8. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Growth Factors Population Growth & Migration  0.96% population growth Cheaper Land Transportation Corridor Development Spreading Infrastructure Larger Lots  2% / yr lot size
  9. 9. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  10. 10. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  11. 11. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  12. 12. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  13. 13. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  14. 14. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture
  15. 15. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Lot Size 1950’s  Average < 1.0 acre / home site 1997  Average > 1.8 acres / home site
  16. 16. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Other Factors Absentee Ownership Farm Revenue decreases Off farm employment Cheaper imports
  17. 17. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Cost of Community Services 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 Services / $1.00 in Tax Revenue Commercial Farm / Forest Residential
  18. 18. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Hidden Costs Emergency response time increases Fire response time increases Insurance (ISO) ratings decrease School bus route time increases (Police response time decreased)
  19. 19. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Other Considerations Smell Dust Slow vehicles Chemicals
  20. 20. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Environmental Impacts Farmland / Open land  Storm water sponge  Heat Island sink  Air Quality buffer All of these factors will have to be mitigated upon conversion
  21. 21. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Food Production
  22. 22. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Opportunity Lost •Eco Tourism •Heritage Trails •MicroFarm Enterprises •Anything other than Impervious Surfaces
  23. 23. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Help? Land Trusts  Up from 1 in the ’90’s to 7 in ’02 Farmland Protection Program  $900,000 Forever Wild The Nature Conservancy
  24. 24. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Options Brownfield redevelopment Greyfield redevelopment Tax breaks Mitigation Banks
  25. 25. 11/21/2002 Sustainable Agriculture Sloss Phytoremediation
  26. 26. Paul Kennedy USDA-NRCS 205.251-8139 x135 Paulk@cawaco.org www.cawaco.org

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