Eric Harvey of "Gilgai": A Passion For Solutions (Part 2)

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Eric Harvey of Geurie, Central Western NSW, has a complete farm management system into which he feeds data and from which he takes advice. An extremely successful grazier, Eric proves the adage that "Knowledge Is Power". This presentation was given at the Carbon farming Expo & Conference in Orange NSW Australia in November 2008.

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Eric Harvey of "Gilgai": A Passion For Solutions (Part 2)

  1. 1. Gilgai A Passion for Solutions (PART TWO)
  2. 2. Our Method <ul><li>1.‘Weeds’ are GOOD , and are indicators of soil health. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Method 2. No use of Chemical Herbicides
  4. 4. Our Method 3. No use of Chemical Fertilizer
  5. 5. Our Method 4a. Sow Dry May 2005 October 2005 April 2006 January 2008
  6. 6. Our Method 4b. Sow Dry March 2007 February 2008 Road Paddock – Murga Ridge
  7. 7. Road Paddock – Murga Ridge
  8. 8. North Ridge – Glenara March 2007
  9. 9. The Better the Grass, The Better the Crop North Ridge – Glenara 21/09/2008
  10. 10. The Better the Grass, The Better the Crop North Ridge - Glenara 21/09/ 2008
  11. 11. And The Better the Pasture North Ridge – Glenara 21/09/ 2008
  12. 12. Science Daily Texas Agri –Life Research Station Germination Trials (September 2008 )
  13. 13. Cam Laurie’s Results
  14. 14. Completed Training <ul><li>Grazing For Profit </li></ul><ul><li>Low Stress Stock Handling </li></ul><ul><li>“ Quickchecks” – Land Health Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Management Systems (CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Foodweb Interactions and Benefits to Plant Production </li></ul><ul><li>Compost Tea Brewing </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chemical Results (2 weeks after ACT Application) <ul><li>Before After Desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrate 143.6 2.6 13.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Ammonium 14.9 3.5 15-18 </li></ul><ul><li>P 33 13 48 </li></ul><ul><li>K 491 337 60 - 75 </li></ul><ul><li>OM% 3.9 3.1 4.5 </li></ul><ul><li>CEC 12.75 7.65 7.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Ca 6.93 4.77 10.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Mg 3.20 1.15 1.2 - 1.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Ca/Mg 2.16 4.15 6.3 (4.8) </li></ul><ul><li>pH 6.6 6.9 6.7 </li></ul><ul><li>C/N 10.60 14.8 10 – 12 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Our Biological Process 1. Grow cover crop, graze and harvest grain 2. Mulch Remnant 3. Apply Aerobic Compost Tea 4. Monitor Results & Feed Biology
  17. 17. Soil Food Web Analysis Results (2 Weeks after ACT Application) <ul><li>Before After Desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Active Bacteria 36.1 43.9 1 to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Bacteria 85.5 879 175 to 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Active Fungal 10.9 10.8 1 to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Fungal 76.4 314 175 to 300 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Our Balanced Approach <ul><li>The Big Picture </li></ul><ul><li>The Past (Trials and Tribulations) </li></ul><ul><li>The Present (Land, People and Profit) </li></ul><ul><li>The Future (Trials and Tribulations) </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Compost / Compost Tea Trials We looked at the logistics of Compost Spreading, Compost Making and being certain of a quality tested compost that met the requirements for our specific soils. Our solution was applying a Self Brewed Compost Tea from our OWN Compost
  20. 20. The Compost
  21. 21. The “Tea Bag” and Aerator
  22. 22. The Compost “Tea Bag”
  23. 23. The Brewer
  24. 24. The Spray Rig
  25. 25. The Boom Jet
  26. 26. The Boom Jet
  27. 27. www.soilfoodweb.com.au
  28. 28. Our Aerobic Compost Tea Fungi
  29. 29. Bacteria
  30. 30. Protozoa
  31. 31. The Present <ul><li>Definition: Current, Contemporary </li></ul><ul><li>and/or Gift, </li></ul><ul><li>and /or to Portray, to Communicate </li></ul>
  32. 32. Our Belief Soil Health Plant Health Animal Health Human Health www.eatwild.com www.soilfoodweb.com.au
  33. 33. North Ridge – Glenara March 2007 September 2008 “ No Brainer” Rehabilitation
  34. 34. Making Use of Existing Infrastucture North Ridge – Glenara 21/09/2008 www.tolweb.org/Glomeromycota
  35. 35. Lucerne and Box Grasslands (Paspalidium Constrictum) Pasture Mix – Exotic and Native Grasslands Murga & Cooee February 2008
  36. 36. No Bloat Problems on Lucerne
  37. 37. Moving to Biodiverse Improved Native Grasslands Firbank March 2008
  38. 38. Biology as a H-----ide? Saffron thistle – January 2008
  39. 39. Bathurst Burr and Cathead (Feb 08) Biology as a H-----ide ?
  40. 40. Our Results 3/09/2008
  41. 41. 10/09/2008
  42. 42. 21/09/2008
  43. 43. 26/09/2008
  44. 44. 14/10/2008
  45. 45. Rain, Stocking Rates vs Growth
  46. 46. Rain, Stocking Rates vs Ground Cover
  47. 47. Rainfall vs Total FOO 2007 v 2008
  48. 48. Paddock Performance Monitoring (DSE/grazing days/hectare/paddock)
  49. 49. THE FUTURE Definition: Opportunity, Hope & Potential
  50. 50. “ The people who neglect their land destroy themselves.” Ana Primavesi from ‘Stubble over the Soil’
  51. 51. Our Family Eric, Wendy and Family Matthew has Masters in Marine Biology and working at SARDI Luke has completed Certificates 2,3 and 4 in agriculture and currently employed as our farm manager .
  52. 52. Our Grand Daughters Kailee & Hannah Amelia, (Coco –Nicole) and Georgia
  53. 53. Our Extended Family Mum & Dad James & Rhonda Simon Luke & Karissa Felicity Karissa currently studying ‘Meat Inspection’ Felicity studying ‘Environmental Management’ at Macquarie University Simon employed in the Singapore corporations as Vice Chairman of Minstar
  54. 54. Our Future ‘Landscape Function’ Agro-Forestry Brewing Centre of Soil Microbes (Compost Teas) Algae or Trees for Bio-diesel production ‘ Wind Farming’ for Electricity Fish Farming Niche Marketing of Beef, Lamb and Wool
  55. 55. Agro Forestry, Conservation & Re-Vegetation Areas
  56. 56. www.soilfoodweb.com.au Farmers are Stewards of the soil, water & environment. Farmers are Caretakers of their fellow human beings. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers are food production managers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  57. 57. www.soilfoodweb.com.au If you don’t understand and appreciate these facts, Get another profession
  58. 58. Haida Indian proverb “We do not inherit this land from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children” Australia Day 2007
  59. 59. 1.b What happens between the Rows
  60. 60. Completed Training <ul><li>Grazing For Profit </li></ul><ul><li>Low Stress Stock Handling </li></ul><ul><li>“ Quickchecks” – Land Health Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Management Systems (CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Foodweb Interactions and Benefits to Plant Production </li></ul><ul><li>Compost Tea Brewing </li></ul>
  61. 61. THE FUTURE Definition: Opportunity, Hope & Potential
  62. 62. Foods Required for Brewing 1000 litres of ACT <ul><li>Humic acid – 400ml - $1.60 </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Emulsion – 600ml - $2.39 </li></ul><ul><li>Kelp Extract – 600ml - $2.88 </li></ul><ul><li>Oat Bran – 250gm - $3-00 </li></ul><ul><li>Molasses – 4 litres - $2.40 </li></ul><ul><li>Rice Flour </li></ul><ul><li>Soy Flour </li></ul>
  63. 63. Biology as a H-----ide ? Saffron Thistle (Feb 08)
  64. 64. Cost of Equipment <ul><ul><ul><li>Microscope - $1543 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nozzles - $1100 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dissolved Oxygen Meter - $2800 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thermostat - $550 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IBC - $300 each </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GeoTea Extractor $4950 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spray Rig (Applicator) ??? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  65. 65. Cost of Foods <ul><li>Humic Acid - $3.96 per litre </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Emulsion - $3.97 per litre </li></ul><ul><li>Bioactive Kelp - $4.80 per litre </li></ul><ul><li>Molasses - $0.62 per litre </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Hydrolysate - $1.20 per litre </li></ul>
  66. 66. Foods to Feed Biology – Bi – Annually (Autumn and Spring) <ul><li>Humic Acid – 30ml per ha </li></ul><ul><li>Kelp Extract – 75ml per ha </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Hydrolysate – 6 litres per ha </li></ul><ul><li>Molasses – 2 litres per ha </li></ul>
  67. 67. List of Contacts <ul><li>David Von Pein – Brix Spectrometer PO Box 7964, Toowoomba Qld </li></ul><ul><li>4352 Tel 07 4635 7065 Mob 0428 987 117 </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Soil Additives and Products – PO Box 121, </li></ul><ul><li>Bangalow. NSW 2479 Tel 02 6688 2324 Mob 0410 880 084 </li></ul><ul><li>www.asapsupplier.com.au </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Foodweb Institute – 1 Crawford Rd, East Lismore. NSW 2480 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel 02 6622 5150 www.soilfoodweb.com.au </li></ul><ul><li>South Australian Marine Products Industries (SAMPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Port Lincoln SA – Peter Laughton Tel 0400 050 013 www.sampi.com.au </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Analysis Laboratory (EAL) </li></ul><ul><li>c/o Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore NSW 2480 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel 02 6620 3678 (Lab) </li></ul>
  68. 68. Our Future Enterprises <ul><li>Commercial Brewing Centre of Compost Teas with Consultancy Service </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-diesel Extraction plant for own Use </li></ul><ul><li>Niche Marketing of Gilgai Branded Produce –Chemical Free and Carbon Negative (Wool, Fish; Lamb and Beef MSA Processed) </li></ul>
  69. 69. Cam Laurie’s Results
  70. 70. Completed Training <ul><li>Grazing For Profit </li></ul><ul><li>Low Stress Stock Handling </li></ul><ul><li>“ Quickchecks” – Land Health Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Management Systems (CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Foodweb Interactions and Benefits to Plant Production </li></ul><ul><li>Compost Tea Brewing </li></ul>
  71. 71. Chemical Results (2 weeks after ACT Application) <ul><li>Before After Desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrate 143.6 2.6 13.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Ammonium 14.9 3.5 15-18 </li></ul><ul><li>P 33 13 48 </li></ul><ul><li>K 491 337 60 - 75 </li></ul><ul><li>OM% 3.9 3.1 4.5 </li></ul><ul><li>CEC 12.75 7.65 7.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Ca 6.93 4.77 10.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Mg 3.20 1.15 1.2 - 1.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Ca/Mg 2.16 4.15 6.3 (4.8) </li></ul><ul><li>pH 6.6 6.9 6.7 </li></ul><ul><li>C/N 10.60 14.8 10 – 12 </li></ul>
  72. 72. Our Biological Process 1. Grow cover crop, graze and harvest grain 2. Mulch Remnant 3. Apply Aerobic Compost Tea 4. Monitor Results & Feed Biology
  73. 73. Soil Food Web Analysis Results (2 Weeks after ACT Application) <ul><li>Before After Desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Active Bacteria 36.1 43.9 1 to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Bacteria 85.5 879 175 to 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Active Fungal 10.9 10.8 1 to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Fungal 76.4 314 175 to 300 </li></ul>
  74. 74. Our Balanced Approach <ul><li>The Big Picture </li></ul><ul><li>The Past (Trials and Tribulations) </li></ul><ul><li>The Present (Land, People and Profit) </li></ul><ul><li>The Future (Trials and Tribulations) </li></ul>

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