Interactivity in a Virtual Classroom  Michael Coghlan TAFE SA August 28th, 2006
PRESSING THE RIGHT BUTTONS
WHERE’S WALLY?
WHO’S ONLINE TODAY?
Quiz – Multiple Choice <ul><li>Are you: </li></ul><ul><li>A) In your office? </li></ul><ul><li>B) In a computer suite? </l...
MULTIPLE VENUE PRESENTATIONS (MVPs) remote  students guest lecturer CLASSROOM/ F2F VENUE public space
ELLUMINATE  IS A VIRTUAL CLASSROOM <ul><li>What happens in a classroom? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens in a  virtual  clas...
What do we mean by  Interactivity? <ul><li>Long association with computer assisted learning </li></ul><ul><li>Has usually ...
Why does  Interactivity  Matter? <ul><li>Learning is a social experience </li></ul><ul><li>Increases level of exploration;...
Good in theory  but……. <ul><li>Very hard in practice </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of  transmission model </li></ul><ul><li>...
How do you ‘do interactivity’ in a virtual classroom?
Participants  can: <ul><li>Participate in 2 way voice chat </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in 2 way text chat </li></ul><ul>...
Moderators  can: <ul><li>Do all the things a participant can do PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Upload content </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
Interactivity:  Golden Rules <ul><li>Don’t talk for more than 5 minutes at a time! ie ‘chunk’ the session </li></ul><ul><l...
Changing Methodology <ul><li>Online/elearning: </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous </li></ul><ul><li>(written) text based  </li...
Paradigm Shift
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Ask students where/who they are </li></ul><ul><li>‘Fill them out’ as r...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Use a webcam (or at least show a picture) </li></ul><ul><li>Have stude...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Ask questions – esp open questions </li></ul><ul><li>Global (to the ...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Ask for feedback regularly via </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul...
Progress Check <ul><li>We could use emoticons….. </li></ul><ul><li>Or do a quick poll: </li></ul><ul><li>How is everyone f...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Hold group discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Question:  Do these example...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Enable  all  channels of communication (when appropriate) </li></ul>...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Exploit  polling/quiz tool  (short answer, multiple choice) </li></ul>...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Conduct web tours </li></ul><ul><li>Have students lead web tours </li>...
Other  Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Share your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Have students share their desktop...
Pre and Post Session <ul><li>Open the room early </li></ul><ul><li>Get there early (social time, informal question time) <...
MVPs: Pedagogical Implications <ul><li>F2f classroom, lecture theatre </li></ul><ul><li>PC suite/lab </li></ul><ul><li>Off...
ELLUMINATE:  <ul><li>a  presentation  tool? </li></ul><ul><li>a  collaboration  tool? </li></ul>
The Instructional Challenge: <ul><li>Methodology:  how do you use these tools to maximise their impact? </li></ul>
 
Live Online Presentations <ul><li>Golden Rule : 5 minutes talking at a stretch maximum </li></ul><ul><li>Intersperse prese...
What kinds of activities can be held in virtual classrooms? <ul><li>TEACHING </li></ul><ul><li>‘ straight lectures’ </li><...
What kinds of activities can be held in virtual classrooms? <ul><li>PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences...
Is this the classroom of the future?
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Interactivity in Virtual Classrooms

  1. 1. Interactivity in a Virtual Classroom Michael Coghlan TAFE SA August 28th, 2006
  2. 2. PRESSING THE RIGHT BUTTONS
  3. 3. WHERE’S WALLY?
  4. 4. WHO’S ONLINE TODAY?
  5. 5. Quiz – Multiple Choice <ul><li>Are you: </li></ul><ul><li>A) In your office? </li></ul><ul><li>B) In a computer suite? </li></ul><ul><li>C) At home? </li></ul><ul><li>D) Other? </li></ul>
  6. 6. MULTIPLE VENUE PRESENTATIONS (MVPs) remote students guest lecturer CLASSROOM/ F2F VENUE public space
  7. 7. ELLUMINATE IS A VIRTUAL CLASSROOM <ul><li>What happens in a classroom? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens in a virtual classroom? </li></ul>
  8. 8. What do we mean by Interactivity? <ul><li>Long association with computer assisted learning </li></ul><ul><li>Has usually meant interactive programs (CD, website) - predictable </li></ul><ul><li>In a virtual classroom it refers to ‘true interactivity’ ie interaction with other people – unpredictable, unscripted </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why does Interactivity Matter? <ul><li>Learning is a social experience </li></ul><ul><li>Increases level of exploration; students more likely to engage with content and not just ‘consume’ it’ </li></ul><ul><li>Aids critical thinking, higher order thinking, problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Online : interactive experiences much more enjoyable </li></ul>
  10. 10. Good in theory but……. <ul><li>Very hard in practice </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of transmission model </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum/time restraints – an interactive approach can take longer </li></ul><ul><li>Students may need to be taught to interact, collaborate , and trust each other </li></ul>
  11. 11. How do you ‘do interactivity’ in a virtual classroom?
  12. 12. Participants can: <ul><li>Participate in 2 way voice chat </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in 2 way text chat </li></ul><ul><li>Use the whiteboard (compose text, draw pictures, upload images) </li></ul><ul><li>View slides and URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Take part in polls </li></ul><ul><li>Work in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Share applications </li></ul><ul><li>Stream live video (webcam) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Moderators can: <ul><li>Do all the things a participant can do PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Upload content </li></ul><ul><li>Make participants moderators </li></ul><ul><li>Create new screens </li></ul><ul><li>Display URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Create polls and quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Create break out rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Share applications </li></ul><ul><li>Show videos (mpg, QT, Flash) </li></ul><ul><li>Stream live video (webcam) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Interactivity: Golden Rules <ul><li>Don’t talk for more than 5 minutes at a time! ie ‘chunk’ the session </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t assume you know it all </li></ul>
  15. 15. Changing Methodology <ul><li>Online/elearning: </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous </li></ul><ul><li>(written) text based </li></ul><ul><li>Content focused </li></ul><ul><li>Asynch + synch </li></ul><ul><li>more voice interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Content + process </li></ul>ca 1998 2005
  16. 16. Paradigm Shift
  17. 17. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Ask students where/who they are </li></ul><ul><li>‘Fill them out’ as real people </li></ul><ul><li>Share some information about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t underestimate the value of small talk </li></ul><ul><li>show a map so people can mark where they are </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Use a webcam (or at least show a picture) </li></ul><ul><li>Have students use webcams if they have them </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Ask questions – esp open questions </li></ul><ul><li>Global (to the group) and individual </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage questions and comments </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit the whiteboard: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting images (have students prepare some) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For fun (especially before session, during breaks) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Ask for feedback regularly via </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whiteboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emoticons </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Progress Check <ul><li>We could use emoticons….. </li></ul><ul><li>Or do a quick poll: </li></ul><ul><li>How is everyone feeling about the session so far? </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>Very Satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Dissatisfied </li></ul>
  22. 22. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Hold group discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Question: Do these examples of interactivity seem practical in your teaching/work situation? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity : <ul><li>Enable all channels of communication (when appropriate) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage student to student communication – </li></ul><ul><li>especially text chat </li></ul>
  24. 24. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Exploit polling/quiz tool (short answer, multiple choice) </li></ul><ul><li>New polls/quizzes can be created on the fly </li></ul><ul><li>Share the results </li></ul><ul><li>Use results as starting point for discussion </li></ul>
  25. 25. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Conduct web tours </li></ul><ul><li>Have students lead web tours </li></ul>
  26. 26. Other Strategies to Increase Interactivity <ul><li>Share your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Have students share their desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Let students take control of your mouse! </li></ul>
  27. 27. Pre and Post Session <ul><li>Open the room early </li></ul><ul><li>Get there early (social time, informal question time) </li></ul><ul><li>Allow discussion to continue post session </li></ul>
  28. 28. MVPs: Pedagogical Implications <ul><li>F2f classroom, lecture theatre </li></ul><ul><li>PC suite/lab </li></ul><ul><li>Office (at work) </li></ul><ul><li>Home office/study </li></ul><ul><li>Other (café, beach) </li></ul>
  29. 29. ELLUMINATE: <ul><li>a presentation tool? </li></ul><ul><li>a collaboration tool? </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Instructional Challenge: <ul><li>Methodology: how do you use these tools to maximise their impact? </li></ul>
  31. 32. Live Online Presentations <ul><li>Golden Rule : 5 minutes talking at a stretch maximum </li></ul><ul><li>Intersperse presentations with questions, polls, other speakers (from the floor), whiteboard activity </li></ul><ul><li>Decide how to handle direct messaging – will you monitor/respond? Or ignore it? Dip in and out of it? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider working with a producer/co-presenter </li></ul><ul><li>More at http://users.chariot.net.au/~michaelc/fll/blog.htm#skills </li></ul>
  32. 33. What kinds of activities can be held in virtual classrooms? <ul><li>TEACHING </li></ul><ul><li>‘ straight lectures’ </li></ul><ul><li>http://propertyservices.brightcookie.com/ps/lectures.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Guest lecturers http://dcyeh.com/sy0304/2ndsem/groupa_projects/happy / </li></ul><ul><li>Oral presentations </li></ul><ul><li>http://alothman-b.tripod.com/present_162.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Group work </li></ul><ul><li>Office hours </li></ul><ul><li>Social: student - student </li></ul>
  33. 34. What kinds of activities can be held in virtual classrooms? <ul><li>PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences, seminars, workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Training sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings (much more cost effective than teleconferencing) </li></ul>
  34. 35. Is this the classroom of the future?

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