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Avionics Systems
Instruments

By
Michael Bseliss
AVIONICS
The electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial
satellites, and spacecraft
Avionic systems include communicat...
1. Basic Flight Instruments

To display information about:
• Heading
• Altitude
• Airspeed
• Rate of turn
• Rate of climb ...
1. Basic Flight Instruments

Altimeter
Indicates the aircraft’s height above a reference level
(usually mean sea level)
1. Basic Flight Instruments

Attitude Indicator
Displays the aircraft’s attitude relative to the horizon
1. Basic Flight Instruments

Magnetic Compass
Indicates the aircraft’s heading relative to magnetic
north
1. Basic Flight Instruments

Airspeed Indicator
Displays the speed of the aircraft (in knots) relative to
the surrounding ...
1. Basic Flight Instruments

Vertical Speed Indicator
Indicates rate of climb or descent (in feet per minute or
meters per...
2. Cabin Pressurization

The crew and passengers can’t breath without the need
for extra oxygen
3. Air Conditioning System

Human body is unable to withstand the effects of a lowpressure atmosphere, that’s why the AC a...
4. Aircraft Fuel System

Enables fuel to be loaded, stored, managed and delivered
to the propulsion system
5. Autopilot System

An autopilot is a mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic system
used to guide an aircraft without assis...
5. Autopilot System

All autopilot systems contain the same basic components:
1. Gyro: To sense what the aircraft is doing...
5. Autopilot System
6. Electrical Power System

Batteries are used for both
aircraft startup and as an
emergency source of
power
Thank you
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
Avionics Systems Instruments
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Avionics Systems Instruments

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Avionics Systems Instruments

  1. 1. Avionics Systems Instruments By Michael Bseliss
  2. 2. AVIONICS The electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of all systems that are fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions
  3. 3. 1. Basic Flight Instruments To display information about: • Heading • Altitude • Airspeed • Rate of turn • Rate of climb (or descent) • Attitude (relative to the horizon)
  4. 4. 1. Basic Flight Instruments Altimeter Indicates the aircraft’s height above a reference level (usually mean sea level)
  5. 5. 1. Basic Flight Instruments Attitude Indicator Displays the aircraft’s attitude relative to the horizon
  6. 6. 1. Basic Flight Instruments Magnetic Compass Indicates the aircraft’s heading relative to magnetic north
  7. 7. 1. Basic Flight Instruments Airspeed Indicator Displays the speed of the aircraft (in knots) relative to the surrounding air
  8. 8. 1. Basic Flight Instruments Vertical Speed Indicator Indicates rate of climb or descent (in feet per minute or meters per second) by sensing changes in air pressure
  9. 9. 2. Cabin Pressurization The crew and passengers can’t breath without the need for extra oxygen
  10. 10. 3. Air Conditioning System Human body is unable to withstand the effects of a lowpressure atmosphere, that’s why the AC and pressurization system is a vital component of modern flight
  11. 11. 4. Aircraft Fuel System Enables fuel to be loaded, stored, managed and delivered to the propulsion system
  12. 12. 5. Autopilot System An autopilot is a mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic system used to guide an aircraft without assistance from the pilot
  13. 13. 5. Autopilot System All autopilot systems contain the same basic components: 1. Gyro: To sense what the aircraft is doing. 2. Servo: To move the Flight Control Surfaces. 3. An amplifier: To increase the strength of gyro signals enough to operate the servos. 4. A controller: To allow manual control of the aircraft through the autopilot system.
  14. 14. 5. Autopilot System
  15. 15. 6. Electrical Power System Batteries are used for both aircraft startup and as an emergency source of power
  16. 16. Thank you

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