YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE:
The island’s capital and port, also called Zakynthos, is located on the southeast coast. Although the 1953 earthquakes destroyed public buildings and churches of great architectural value, this is still a beautiful town, with spacious squares, elegant buildings, charming arcades (the most characteristic is the Rouga) and important churches, adorned with works by Zakynthian and Cretan icon painters (Virgin of the Angels, Virgin Phaneromene, St Nicholas of the Mole, all built in the 17th century).
Other buildings of particular interest in the town are the Byzantine and Postbyzantine Museum, the Museum of Solomos and Distinguished Zakynthians as well as the Municipal Library and Art Gallery.
The island’s capital and port, also called Zakynthos, is located on the southeast coast.Although the 1953 earthquakes destroyed public buildings and churches of greatarchitectural value, this is still a beautiful town, with spacious squares, elegant buildings,charming arcades (the most characteristic is the Rouga) and important churches,adorned with works by Zakynthian and Cretan icon painters (Virgin of the Angels, VirginPhaneromene, St Nicholas of the Mole, all built in the 17th century).Majoritarea clădirilor din centrul vechi al oraşului Zakynthos, capitala insulei, au fostdistruse în timpul cutremurului devastator din 1953, în urma căruia au rămas în picioarefoarte puţine clădiri. Noile construcţii ridicate au păstrat arhitectura tradiţionala a insulelorIoniene şi creează o atmosferă pitorească şi elegantă. Oraşul Zakynthos are note denostalgie şi romantism şi o panoramă deosebită asupra golfului în care se află.
Bougainvillea is a genus of floweringplants native to South America fromBrazil west to Peru and south tosouthern Argentina. Differentauthors accept between four and 18species in the genus.They are thorny, woody vinesgrowing anywhere from 1 to 12metres tall, scrambling over otherplants with their spiky thorns. Theyare evergreen where rainfall occursall year, or deciduous if there is a dryseason. The first European todescribe these plants was PhilibertCommerçon, a French botanistaccompanying French Navy admiraland explorer Louis Antoine deBougainville during his voyage ofcircumnavigation (in fact the firstEuropean to observe these plantswas Jeanne Baré, Commerçonslover and assistant whom hesneaked on board (despiteregulations) disguised as a man(and who thus became the firstwoman to circumnavigate theglobe).
The town was destroyed by the earthquake in 1953 but almost allbuildings were restored, some of them trying to keep the originaloutlooks. Only a few churches survived the earthquakes and todaythey can be visited as museums. On the top of hill above the town,the ruins of an old Venetian castle can be seen, with panoramicview to the town and the sea.Castelul veneţian, situat pe culmea dealului înverzit, la Bohali,aproximativ 3 km nord de Zakynthos Town, a fost construit în 1480pe ruinele acropolisului antic al insulei dar la scurt timp dupăaceea o parte din el a fost distrus de invadatorii turci. Astăzi este oruină, dar merită să-l vizitaţi, deoarece de aici aveţi o vedereminunată de sus, asupra oraşului şi a Mării Ionice
The ruins of theVenetian Castlecrown the top ofthe Bochali Hill,while directlybeneath is thedelightful, flower-filled suburb ofZoodochos Pigi,named after thechurch dedicatedto the Life-Bearing Source.Insula Zakynthos,cunoscută şi subnumele de“Fior di Levante”(“FloareaOrientului”), estecea de-a treia, camărime, dintreInsulele Ionice
Solomos squareThis is the main squarein Zante town and isnamed after the GreekNational poet DionysiosSolomos. Born onZakynthos he foundinspiration on the islandfor his poem “Hymn toFreedom” which formsthe lyrics of the Greeknational anthem.Piaţa principală dinoraşul Zante poartănumele poetului naţionalgrec Dionysios Solomos,născut la Zakynthos. Elşi-a găsit inspiraţia peaceastă insulă pentrupoemul „Imn pentrulibertate", care constituieversurile imnului naţionalal Greciei
Solomos square, Statue of Dionysus Solomos the Zakynthos poetA statue of Solomos at which base it is engraved a line of his poem “Hymnto Freedom” dominates the square, which is a popular place on summerevenings for locals and tourists alike to take a pleasant stroll or stop forcoffee in one of the nearby cafes.O statuie a poetului naţional grec Dionysios Solomos, pe postamentulcăreia este un vers din Oda libertăţii, domină piaţa, care este un preferatloc de plimbare în serile de vară pentru localnici şi turişti deopotrivă
Solomos square, Statue of Dionysus Solomos the Zakynthos poetThe square is also surrounded by many important buildings such as: theChurch of Saint Nikolas on the Mole, the Byzantine Museum ofZakynthos, The Cultural Centre of Zakynthos and also the cinema.Piaţa este înconjurată de multe clădiri importante, cum ar fi: Biserica SfNicolaie, Muzeul Bizantin, Centrul Cultural sau cinematograful.
Solomos square,the statue, representing the Glory to which the national poet isaddressing his poems, is flanked at both sides by two cannons and thestele that remembers the writings of another poet very much loved bythe people of Zakynthos, Kalvos.Statuia reprezentând Gloria căreia poetul naţional îi adresează poemelesale, este flancată pe ambele părţi de două tunuri şi are alături o stelă,care aminteşte de scrierile unui alt poet foarte iubit de locuitorii dinZakynthos, Andreas Kalvos din Zakynthos.
Solomos square, Statue of Dionysus Solomos the Zakynthospoet and the statue, representing the Glory to which the nationalpoet is addressing his poems
Dionysios Solomos tomb in his mausoleum, Zakynthos City
To remember Ugo Foscolo, famous Italian poet born in Zante in 1778, there is a bust in Solomos square that has been dedicated to him.It is also possible to see, in the street to him dedicated, the cenotaphof Foscolo with the statue of the “Weeping Angel”.
Museum of Grigorios XenopoulosDistrus aproape în totalitate în 1953, de un cutremur cu o magnitudine de 7.3 pe scara Richter,urmat de un incendiu devastator, Zante Town a fost reconstruit din temelii, piatră cu piatră
Byzantine Museum ofZakynthosThe Museum was built afterthe earthquake of 1953. Itwas organised by theAcademician ManolisHadzidakis and was openedto the public in 1960.Muzeul Bizantin, construitdupă cutremurul din 1953,are foarte multe exponateinteresante, dar în primulrând este cunoscut pentrupicturile sale şi exponatelecare datează din secolul 12până în secolul 18.
The Byzantine Museum houses an impressive collection of hagiographies from theByzantine era, as well as Hellenistic and Byzantine sculptures and statues, and fine iconsfrom many of the churches on the island.
Text : Internet Pictures: Gabriela Cristescu & Internet Copyright: All t he images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Agnes Baltsa - Xarhakos - Songs my country taught me •Garífallo staftí (A carnation behind your ear) •Oniro pedión tis gitoniás (Dream of urban children)