Successfully reported this slideshow.
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1375732-yazd6/
On the southern outskirts of                                             Yazd, there are two hilltop                      ...
Zoroastrians have always been populous inYazd. Even now roughly ten percent of thetowns population adhere to this ancientr...
Zoroastrianism (or Mazdaism) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known asZarath...
Zoroastrian tradition considers a dead body—in addition to cut hair and nail-parings—to be nasu, unclean, i.e. potential p...
Constructions for ritual death and mourning customsConstrucţii destinate ceremoniilor şi riturilor de pregătire şi jelire ...
To preclude the pollution of earth or fire (see Zam and Atar respectively), the bodies of the dead are placed atop a tower...
In Zoroastrianism, the Creator Ahura Mazda is all good, and no evil originates from Him. Thus, in Zoroastrianism good ande...
The earliest reference to ritual exposure comes from Herodotus (Histories i.140), where the historiographer describes the ...
While general exposure of the dead isattested from earliest accounts, the ritualcustoms surrounding that practice appear t...
In the Iranian Zoroastrian tradition, the towers were built atop hills or low mountains in desert locations distant from p...
In Zoroastrianism, water (apo, aban) and fire (atar, adar) are agents of ritual purity,and the associated purification cer...
The soul of a man thus remains within the precincts of this world for three days. The number three is a sacred number,beca...
Therefore, it is, that, three days after death, the soul of a man directs itself towards the paradise with three steps of ...
Water reservoirs, or ab anbars as they are locally known, form the terminal end of extensive traditionalwater supply syste...
The typical ab anbar consists of four key elements: the underground reservoir, thepasheer or platform, the dome, and the b...
The semi-circular brick lined dome, visually much alike a Buddhist stupa, haveescape vents in the center to cool water by ...
Iran                                          Text: Internet                                          Pictures:   Sanda Fo...
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1

867 views

Published on

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE:
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1375732-yazd6/

Thank you!
On the southern outskirts of Yazd, there are two hilltop circular building, known as Dakhmeh-ye-Zartushtioon or Towers of Silence. To preclude the pollution of earth or fire, the bodies of the dead are placed atop a tower—a tower of silence—and so exposed to the sun and to birds of prey. Thus, "putrefaction with all its concomitant evils... is most effectually prevented.“

Published in: Travel, Spiritual

Iran Yazd6, the towers of silence1

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1375732-yazd6/
  2. 2. On the southern outskirts of Yazd, there are two hilltop circular building, known as Dakhmeh-ye-Zartushtioon or Towers of Silence. La periferia sudică a oraşului Yazd există două enorme turnuri circulare construite pe vârful celor două coline, cunoscute sub numele de Dakhmeh-ye-Zartushtioon sau turnurile tăcerii.Recognized by UNESCO as holding one of theoldest architecture all over the world Internet images
  3. 3. Zoroastrians have always been populous inYazd. Even now roughly ten percent of thetowns population adhere to this ancientreligion, and though their Atashkadeh (FireTemple) was turned into a mosque whenArabs invaded Iran, a dignified new firetemple was inaugurated thirteen hundredyears later.Adepţii Zoroastrismului au fost totdeaunanumeroşi în Yazd, chiar şi acum depăşind10% din populaţie. Templul lor a fosttransformat în moschee de către invadatoriiarabi şi abia după 1300 de ani au putut să-şi
  4. 4. Zoroastrianism (or Mazdaism) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known asZarathustra, in Avestan) and was formerly among the worlds largest religions. It was probably founded some time before the6th century BCE in Greater Iran.Zoroastrismul, una dintre primele religii monoteiste din lume, este o religie veche a popoarelor din Asia Centrală, Iran șiAzerbaidjan, caracterizată prin dualismul binelui și răului, religie fondată la începutul mileniului 2 î.Hr. de profetul persanZarathustra (Zoroastru).
  5. 5. Zoroastrian tradition considers a dead body—in addition to cut hair and nail-parings—to be nasu, unclean, i.e. potential pollutants.Specifically, the corpse demon (Avestan: nasu.daeva) was believed to rush into the body and contaminate everything it came intocontact with, hence the Vendidad (an ecclesiastical code "given against the demons") has rules for disposing of the dead as"safely" as possible.Zoroastrismul consideră cadavrele - ca şi părul tăiat sau unghiile – impure (nasu) şi deci contaminante, poluante. În specialdemonul cadavrelor (Avestan: nasu.daeva) poate contamina tot ce intră în contact cu el până când Vendidad, codul ecleziasticcuprins în marele compendiu Avesta, s-a împlinit pentru a face cadavrul cât mai puţin nociv posibil.
  6. 6. Constructions for ritual death and mourning customsConstrucţii destinate ceremoniilor şi riturilor de pregătire şi jelire a morţilor
  7. 7. To preclude the pollution of earth or fire (see Zam and Atar respectively), the bodies of the dead are placed atop a tower—atower of silence—and so exposed to the sun and to birds of prey. Thus, "putrefaction with all its concomitant evils... is mosteffectually prevented.“Pentru a exclude poluarea pământului sau a focului (sacru) cadavrele sunt aşezate în aşa numitele turnuri ale tăcerii, expusela soare şi oferite vulturilor ca hrană. În acest fel „putrefacţia, cu toate relele sale” este prevenită cel mai de eficient
  8. 8. In Zoroastrianism, the Creator Ahura Mazda is all good, and no evil originates from Him. Thus, in Zoroastrianism good andevil have distinct sources, with evil (druj) trying to destroy the creation of Mazda (asha), and good trying to sustain it.În zoroastrism, Creatorul Ahura Mazda este creatorul binelui, şi nimic din ce e rău nu provine de le el. Astfel, în Zoroastrismbinele şi răul au surse diferite, răul (druj), încearcând să distrugă creaţia lui Mazda (Asha), iar binele încearcă să o susţină.
  9. 9. The earliest reference to ritual exposure comes from Herodotus (Histories i.140), where the historiographer describes the ritesto have been secret, and "vaguely" that these first occurred after the body had been dragged around by a dog or bird. Further,the Magi (a term that eventually came to signify a Zoroastrian priest but may not have meant that in Herodotus time) practicedthis quite openly, before they finally embalmed the corpse with wax and laid it in a trenchCea mai veche referinţă despre ritualul expunerii cadavrelor vine de la Herodot (Istorii i.140), unde descrie riturile secrete alemagilor (preoţii zoroastrieni)
  10. 10. While general exposure of the dead isattested from earliest accounts, the ritualcustoms surrounding that practice appear tofirst date to the Sassanid era (3rd — 7thcentury CE). They are known in detail fromthe supplement to the Sayest ne Sayest, thetwo Rivayat collections, and the twoSaddars. The use of towers is first attestedin the 16th centuryÎn timp ce expunerea generală a morţiloreste atestată din cele mai vechi timpuri,obiceiurile rituale privind aceste practici aparprima dată în epoca Sassanidă (sec3lea-7lea). Ele sunt cunoscute în detaliu fiindpublicate. Folosirea turnurilor este atestatăpentru prima dată în secolul 16
  11. 11. In the Iranian Zoroastrian tradition, the towers were built atop hills or low mountains in desert locations distant from populationcenters. In the early twentieth century, the Iranian Zoroastrians gradually discontinued their use and began to favour burial orcremation.
  12. 12. In Zoroastrianism, water (apo, aban) and fire (atar, adar) are agents of ritual purity,and the associated purification ceremonies are considered the basis of ritual life.În zoroastrism, apa (apo, aban) şi focul (atar, Adar), sunt factori de puritate rituală,iar ceremoniile de purificare asociate lor sunt considerate baza vieţii rituale.
  13. 13. The soul of a man thus remains within the precincts of this world for three days. The number three is a sacred number,because it reminds one of the three principal precepts of the Mazdayasnian religion upon which the whole of its moralstructure rests. Humata, Hukhta, and Hvarshta, i.e., good thoughts, good words, and good deeds, form as it were a pivotupon which the moral philosophy of the Zoroastrian religion turns. Think of nothing but the truth, speak nothing but the truth,and do nothing but what is right, and you are saved. Your good thoughts, good words, and good deeds will be your saviors inthe next world.
  14. 14. Therefore, it is, that, three days after death, the soul of a man directs itself towards the paradise with three steps of Humata,Hukhta, and Hvarshta. On the other hand, the soul of a wicked man directs itself to hell with three steps of Dushmata,Duzhukhta, and Duzhvarshta, i.e., evil thoughts, evil words, and evil actions.
  15. 15. Water reservoirs, or ab anbars as they are locally known, form the terminal end of extensive traditionalwater supply systems that make urban settlements possible in the Kavir desert region of Central Iran.Rezervoarele de apă numite ab anbar de localnici sunt terminalele unor tradiţionale sisteme de aducţiunea apei care au făcut posibilă existenţa aşezărilor umane în regiunea deşertică din centrul Iranului.
  16. 16. The typical ab anbar consists of four key elements: the underground reservoir, thepasheer or platform, the dome, and the badgir or wind catcher shafts.Un ab anbar tipic este format din patru elemente: rezervorul subteran, platforma,domul şi turnul vântului (badgir)
  17. 17. The semi-circular brick lined dome, visually much alike a Buddhist stupa, haveescape vents in the center to cool water by air convection while protecting it from dustand other pollution.Domul semicircular căptuşit cu cărămidă care pare mai degrabă o stupă budistă areguri de ventilaţie pentru răcirea apei prin convecţia aerului şi asigură protecţiaîmpotriva prafului şi a altor forme de poluare
  18. 18. Iran Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Hanoozam - Very sad iranian song

×