Thailand World's biggest open-air museum (5)


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The Ancient City is the door opening to the heritage of Thai wisdom. With a wide range of architectural symbols combined with fine arts and craftsmanship, structural layout and natural environment that integrate harmoniously, The Ancient City creates kind of atmosphere that induces visitors to perceive and appreciate the continuity of history, cultures, religions, arts and customs of Thai people from dawn until now.

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Thailand World's biggest open-air museum (5)

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  2. 2. Ancient Siam(formerlyknown asAncient City)(Thai:MueangBoran) is aparkconstructedunder thepatronage ofLekViriyaphantin the shapeof Thailand.Ancient Siamis dubbed asthe worldslargestoutdoormuseum.
  3. 3. The Ancient Cityis the dooropening to theheritage of Thaiwisdom. With awide range ofarchitecturalsymbols combinedwith fine arts andcraftsmanship,structural layoutand naturalenvironment thatintegrateharmoniously,The Ancient Citycreates kind ofatmosphere thatinduces visitors toperceive andappreciate thecontinuity ofhistory, cultures,religions, artsand customs ofThai people fromdawn until now.
  4. 4. The Old Fort and Wallat ChachoengsaoThe fort and the oldwall in ChachoengsaoProvince were built fordefense Bangkok onthe eastern seaboard.In the past, theyhelped prevent themain military threatfrom invaders whocame from the east.In 1834 A.D., KingRama III had KromLuang Rakronaret,the chief of buildingconstruction,construct the fort andthe old Fort and wall.The fortification was300 meters wide and500 meters long.
  5. 5. The Old Fort and Wall at ChachoengsaoIn 1848, when Ung-Yi (A group of Chinese rebels that sold drugs and traded illegally during theThird reign) raised a rebellion, they killed the governor of Chachoengsao, Phraya Wiset-rue-chai,and took the fort in order to set up their military headquarters there.The Ung-Yi rebels were finally subdued by a Thai military force led by Chao Phraya Phra Klang(Somdet Chao Phraya Barom Maha Prayunrawong) under royal command. About 3,000 ChineseUng-Yi were killed in the battle.
  6. 6. Frangipani (plumeria)
  7. 7. Ancient TheatricalPavilionThe grandeur of theAyutthaya court wasreflected in the royalgarden which wasenlivened by the sceneryand landscape ofwaterfalls, fountainsand miniature rockformations.
  8. 8. Ancient Theatrical Pavilion During either auspicious or enjoyment times, there were royal command performances of music andsetting, which later gave birth to the famous genre of court drama, Lakhon this plays
  9. 9. Various Jataka tales,folk tales and anumber of foreignclassics were adaptedfor plays at court suchas the Ramayana,Sankha-Silpchai, I-Naoand Manohra. Theplays at courtcontinued to be seen inthe Rattanakosin
  10. 10. The grand pavilion inMuang Boran wasspecially designed andbuilt for courtperformances, evidenceof which may be seen innumerous ancientmurals.
  11. 11. Ancient Theatrical Pavilion and garden
  12. 12. Chedi Chet Yod (The Seven-Spired Pagoda), ChiangMaiAs history relates, themonument was initiallybuilt in the time of KingTilokarat, the King ofLanna (1442-1487 A.D.). Hesent an official, Muen DamPhra Khot (Dam) to copythe stupa at Bodhi Gaya inIndia, in 1455 A.D.
  13. 13. The aesthetic significance can be seen from the stucco motifsof figures of celestial beings on the base walls, and ofornaments decorated on the door frames. They are trulycultural heritages of ancient Lanna that still exist today.
  14. 14. Chedi Chet Yod (The Seven-Spired Pagoda), Chiang Mai
  15. 15. Chedi of Cham Thewi Lamphun
  16. 16. The Chedi of ChamThewi at Wat Ku Kudwas constructed in theHariphunchai period.The chedi is a squaretower of which 5storeys. Similarly, thechedi is formed like astepped pyramid. Eachstorey, therere 3 nicheson each of the 4 facesof the tower, so therere12 Buddha images ineach storey and 60images in all. Thestatues are Dvaravatiand U-Thong arts anddate back to the 9thand 10th century A.D.On top of the fifthstorey is a naturalisticstucco lotus petalborder.
  17. 17. Chedi of Cham Thewi LamphunAccording to the chronicle, a hermit erected a small citynamed Hariphunchai and invited Phra Nang Cham Thewi, aprincess of King of Lavo (Lop Buri), to rule Hariphunchai.Phra Nang Cham Thewi came to this city at 679 A.D., andreigned for 54 years.
  18. 18. The Wihan at Wat Phumin, NanBased on historical evidence, the temple was constructed byChetabut Phrom Min, a ruler of Nan, in 1776. The wihan has aunique floor plan. Being cruciform like most prasat, the wihanstands on a raised terrace that is reached by staircases oneach of its four axis. They lead up to four doors. Only thenorth-south axis has two long undulating nagas flanking theapproaches along the axis.
  19. 19. The Wihan at Wat Phumin, NanInside, in the center of the floor are 4 large gildedBuddha images seated on a raised platform. They sit backto back with their right hands pointing to the groundcalling the Earth to witness the victory over Mara, or theConquering of Mara posture. Above the heads of the fourBuddha images is a stucco formed like lotus petals, each ofwhich touches the ceiling of the wihan.
  20. 20. The Wihan atWat Phumin,NanMuang Boranreconstructedthemonastery bymaking theoriginalwihansmaller bytwo-thirds
  21. 21. The Wihan atWat Phumin,NanOndiscoveringthe eleganceof thebuilding, thegovernmentduring WorldWar II hadthe picture ofthe structureprinted on aone-bahtbanknotewhich was incirculationfor sometime.
  22. 22. Sala of 80 YogiIf you are feeling fit, you caneven try out some of the 80 or soyoga positions that are ondisplay.
  23. 23. Sala of 80 Yogi
  24. 24. Sala of 80 Yogi
  25. 25. Wat Chong Kham displayed at Muang Boran is a Shan temple complex modeled after the Pagan architecture which is rarely seen today. Consequently, the original building that once stood in Ngao in Lampang Province has been acquired from the monastery. The restoration of the structure has been painstaking in order to preserve every single detail of the building and present the most original form of theWat Chong Kham, Lampang structure.
  26. 26. Wat Chong Kham,Lampang –a traditional teak builtdwelling andceremonial centre formonksThe building, made ofteak wood, combineswihan, sala and monksliving quarters in onebuilding. The excellentwork of northerncraftsmanship can beseen from the equalemphasis to the split-level roofs and therhythmic spacing ofcarved decorations.Beauty is to be foundeverywhere.
  27. 27. Cassia fistula, known as the golden shower tree and othernames, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native tosouthern Asia. It is the national tree of Thailand, and itsflower is Thailands national flower. Wat Chong Kham, Lampang
  28. 28. The Gateway of WatPho Prathap Chang,Phichitan example of art andarchitecture of the lateAyutthaya period.
  29. 29. Garden of Pha Daeng – Nang AiNang Ai, the most beautiful girl in Khomkham City, hadsecret trysts with Pha Daeng, the ruler of Phaphong. Herbeauty, unparalleled and celebrated, was eventuallydiscovered by the son of the Naga king. The Nagaprince, transformed himself into a very handsomegentleman and tried to charm her, but did not succeedin winning her heart.
  30. 30. Garden of Pha Daeng– Nang AiFinally, he attemptedto trick her bydisguising himselfinto a white squirrelin order to get close toher and kidnap herfrom Pha Daeng. But,when Pha Daeng andNang Ai saw thesquirrel, they ordereda hunter to trap it.The prince, in theguise of the squirrel, iskilled by the hunter.The meat of theanimal is fed to thepeople in the town.Strangely, the meat ofthe squirrel keptincreasing eventhough much of ithad already been cutoff to feed both thepeople in the city andneighboring towns.
  31. 31. Garden of Pha Daeng – Nang AiThereafter, a huge rainstorm struck the town suddenly. Considering that it was not a common naturaloccurrence, Pha Daeng tried to escape quickly on horse with Nang Ai, but in vain. Nang Ai fell from thehorse and was drawn into the river. The city became a vast pool. The spirit of the dead squirrel turnedinto the king of Naga, taking Nang Ai into his underwater kingdom. It was said that those who hadnot eaten the meat were saved from the tragic event. Muang Boran constructed a group of statuesbased on the legend of Pha Daeng and Nang Ai. This monument will surely further the imagination ofthose viewers who were once stirred by the local tale of the Northeast, Pha Daeng and Nang Ai.
  32. 32. Pride of Barbados
  33. 33. Garden of Sacred StupaThe Garden of SacredStupa at Muang Boranis formed by a largegroup of stupa invarious architecturalstyles, built in differentperiods from the past topresent.The uniquecharacteristics of thestupa displayed hereare worth studying andshowing the differencesand similarities of eachstyle of stupa
  34. 34. Phra ThatPhanom,NakhonPhanomHas beenhighlyrevered as asacredmonumentfor both theThai andLaotianpeople forcenturies.TheUrangkhaThat (thechest bonerelics) of theLordBuddha isbelieved tobe housedin
  35. 35. Ku Khu Maha That The stone sanctuary,dated back to the 13th century A.D., showsthe influence of the Khmer architecturalstyle. The Stupa of Phra Boromathat
  36. 36. Phra That Ya Khu,Kalasin is an uniqueoctagonal chedi inThailand
  37. 37. This prang has a tower shaped like a carambola, a fruit know in Thai as mafueang, was popular during the pre-Ayutthaya periods, namely U-Thong Art and Ayothaya Art. The structure, about 12 meters wide and 20 meters tall, was made of brick without bondedAverrhoa carambola Fruit plaster. It is recognised as the late U-Thong architectural style which is dated around the 13th century A.D. The Fruit-Shaped Tower (Prang Mafueang), Chai Nat
  38. 38. Sarasvati (or Surasawadi) is the fair-skinned consort of Brahma. She is considered to be the goddess of learning and the arts. In her hands she carries a lotus bud, a drinking vessel, a book and the vina (harp), a stringed musical instrument of Indian classical music. Rahu is known as the Nara Graha (Thai: Nophakhro) and features extensively in Indian astrology. In one form, Rahu is half-human half-ogre who swallows the sun and the moon. The incidents are believed to cause the solar and lunar eclipse respectively. In another form, Rahu is half-human half-snake. He was split in two by Narayanas chakra, or flying discus, during theThe Garden of the Gods churning of the ocean ceremony.
  39. 39. The Garden of the GodsShiva (or Phra Isvara)was the King of allgods having powerover both deities andevil. He is the god ofdestruction. His closedthird eye on hisforehead, if opened,will burn everythingbefore his eyes. Shiva isseated on his bull,Nandi. The Goddess,Uma, sits before him.
  40. 40. The RainbowBridgeRainbow is asymbol offertility,happiness,and naturalbeauty of thecountry
  41. 41. pavilion of the rainbow bridge
  42. 42. Statue of the Buddha meditating under the protection of Naga
  43. 43. Text & Pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Ruk fan poh - Satien Tummue