Laos Vientiane, Ho Pra Kheo 2


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Haw Phra Kaew, also spelled Ho Phra Keo, Haw Phra Keow, Ho Prakeo, Ho Phra Kaew, is the Temple of the Emerald Buddha of Vientiane. It is formerly the royal temple of the Lao monarchy, and is located just across the main street, Setthathirat Road, from another major temple, Wat Si Saket. Today Haw Phra Kaew is no longer used as a place of worship, but has been turned into a museum.

Haw Phra Kaew was built by King Setthathirat in 1565 to house the Emerald Buddha (the name Haw Phra Kaew means "Image of the Jewel Buddha") which he brought with him from Chiangmai to Laos following the death of his father, King Phothisarat, resulting in his having to move from Lanna, where he was ruler, to Vientiane. The Emerald Buddha which he brought from Chiangmai is no longer in the temple. When the Siamese under General Chakri (the future King Rama I) ransacked Vientiane in 1779, they took the Emerald Buddha with them, and installed it in the Wat Phra Kaeo in Bangkok. Following the invasion, Ho Phra Keo was damaged. The Siamese rebuilt it somewhat, but it got damaged once again, when the Siamese mounted another invasion, in 1828 (

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  • Ho Phra Keo (Jewel Buddha Image; Wat Phra Keo in Thai) is a former monastery and long served as royal temple of the Lao monarchs.  Originally built in the 16th century by King Setthathirat, it housed the Emerald Buddha (actually carved from a type of jade).  It was carried off to by the Siamese in 1779 and placed in the Bangkok temple of the same name.
  • The original temple was destroyed during the Siamese invasion of 1828 and rebuilt between 1936 and 1942.  The main hall is impressive in size and contains excellent examples of Lao Buddhist sculpture. 
  • Although photography is not permitted inside the main hall, there are numerous sculptures on the veranda. Text by Robert D. Fiala
  • Naga. The naga - a stylized cobra - is endowed with multiple heads, always uneven in number from three to nine, arranged in a fan. Deriving from India, it figures in the original legend of the Khmer people and is the symbol of water.
  • Common in the art he is, in the entirely original motif of the naga-balustrade, of fundamental importance.
  • The Plain of Jars is a megalithic archaeological landscape in Laos . Scattered in the landscape of the Xieng Khouang plateau Xieng Khouang , Lao PDR are thousands of megalithic jars. These stone jars appear in clusters, ranging from a single or a few to several hundred jars at lower foothills surrounding the central plain and upland valleys. The Xieng Khouang Plateau is located at the northern end of the Annamese Cordillera , the principal mountain range of Indochina . Initial research of the Plain of Jars in the early 1930s suggested that the stone jars are associated with prehistoric burial practices. Excavation by Lao and Japanese archaeologists in the intervening years has supported this interpretation with the discovery of human remains, burial goods and ceramics around the stone jars. The Plain of Jars is dated to the Iron Age (500 BCE to 500 CE) and is one of the most fascinating and important sites for studying Southeast Asian prehistory. The Plain of Jars has the potential to shed light on the relationship between increasingly complex societies and megalithic structures and provide insight into social organisation of Iron Age Southeast Asia’s communities. To visit the jar sites one would typically stay in Phonsavan .
  • Sengdao KOULAVONG „ raze de lun ă ”
  • Laos Vientiane, Ho Pra Kheo 2

    1. 1. Haw Phra Kaew
    2. 3. Haw Phra Kaew, a zi muzeu de artă religioasă, a fost odinioară templu regal, construit special pentru a adăposti statuia numită Buddha de smarald (Ph r a Kaeo). În anul 1779 statuia a fost dusă de siamezi la Bangkok unde i s-a construit templul Wat Phra Kaew. În timpul războiului din 1828 templul din Vientiane a fost distrus aproape complet. Uşa principală este unul dintre puţinii supravieţuitori din templul iniţial, reconstruit cu ajutor francez între 1936-1942.
    3. 4. Şarpele Naga, provenit din India, figurează în toate legendele khmerilor şi este simbolul apei. Una dintre cele mai des întâlnite reprezentări ale lui este Naga-balustradă.
    4. 7. In curtea templului este un vas megalitic adus de la Phonsavan. Vechi de peste 2000 de ani, construite din blocuri de piatră (o varietate de gresie sau din granit - deşi legendele spun că ar fi realizate dintr-un cimet produs din nisip, piele de bivol, apă şi trestie de zahăr), cântărind între 600 şi 1000 de kilograme, încă nu şi-au dezvăluit misterul.
    5. 8. Câteva dintre cele mai reuşite sculpturi buddhiste găsite în Laos sunt azi păstrate la Haw Ph r a Kae w .
    6. 11. Buddha birmanez în postura „rugându-se pentru ploaie”
    7. 12. Sengdao „raze de lună” KOULAVONG
    8. 14. Buddha zilei de Luni, Buddha protector, aplanând conflictele familiale
    9. 15. Bhumysparshmudra
    10. 19. Fotografii şi prezentare: Sanda Foişoreanu ♦ Thai traditional music Vientiane