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Vienna Secession2


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The Kirche am Steinhof (also called the Church of St. Leopold) in Vienna is the Roman Catholic oratory of the Steinhof Psychiatric Hospital. The building designed by Otto Wagner is considered one of the most important Art Nouveau churches in the world.
The Vienna Secession (also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Künstlerhaus. This movement included painters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the Secession was Gustav Klimt, and Rudolf von Alt was made honorary president. Its official magazine was called "Ver Sacrum". The three main architects of this movement were Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, and Otto Wagner. Although Otto Wagner is widely recognized as an important member of the Vienna Secession he was not a founding member.

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Vienna Secession2

  1. 1. The Kirche am Steinhof (also called the Church of St. Leopold) in Vienna is the Roman Catholic oratory of the Steinhof Psychiatric Hospital.
  2. 2. The "Steinhof" (stone yard) was a psychiatric hospital upon the Baumgartner height in the 14th Vienna district established in the years 1902-07 under the direction of Otto Wagner. This church consecrated to St Leopold served as institute church and is surely one of the most important sacred Jugendstil buildings world-wide.
  3. 3. The building designed by Otto Wagner is considered one of the most important Art Nouveau churches in the
  4. 4. Koloman Moser - Church Am Steinhof, drawing of the angel in the left side window
  5. 5. The external walls consist of white marble slabs fastened by large copper pins. The entire artistic outside and interior equipment shows once more the perfect co-operation of the artists from the Vienna Secession and Vienna Workshops (Wiener Werkstätte).
  6. 6. The church dedicated to Saint Leopold was built between 1903 and 1907 by the 63- year-old architect Otto Wagner, with mosaics and stained glass by Koloman Moser, and sculptural angels by Othmar Schimkowitz (1864– 1947). In 1904, Koloman Moser designed the Apse mosaic and glass windows for the Kirche am Steinhof
  7. 7. This church was selected as a main motif of one of the most famous euro collectors coins: the Austrian 100 euro Steinhof Church commemorative coin, minted on November 9, 2005. One of Moser's most prominent designs used in the building was selected as a main motif. On the reverse of the coin, the Koloman Moser stained glass window over the main entrance can be seen. In the center of the window is God the Father seated on a throne. The window is flanked with a pair of bronze angels in Jugendstil style, originally designed by Othmar Schimkowitz.
  8. 8. Otto Koloman Wagner (1841 –1918) was an Austrian architect and urban planner, known for his lasting impact on the appearance of his home town Vienna, to which he contributed many landmarks.
  9. 9. The elaborate and brightly coloured mosaic behind the ornate altar represents the reception of the departed soul into heaven, via an ornate trompe-l'oeil staircase which has been compared unfairly to a Hollywood-style movie award ceremony. Among the numerous saints attending the ceremony is Saint Dymphna the patron saint of those afflicted by epilepsy or mental illness. Also visible is St. Clement Hofbauer or Clemens Maria Hofbauer (1751–1820), the patron saint of Vienna.
  10. 10. The dome of the church is not visible from inside the building; even so, the nave has an echo of six seconds. The church, which seats 800 people when full, was reopened on the 1 October 2006, after the completion of the most recent extensive renovation work. The central ceiling below the unseen dome bears images relating to the four evangelists: the man for Matthew, the lion for Mark, the calf for Luke, the eagle for John.
  11. 11. Koloman Moser - Design for the right side altar Guardian Angel
  12. 12. Kolo Moser (1868 - 1918) Paradise 1904-8 Design for stained glass entry for the Church Am Steinhof 4.15 x 7.74 m Musée d'Orsay, Paris Koloman Moser Design for the right side altar Guardian Angel -detail
  13. 13. Koloman Moser - Design for the left side altar Our Lady of Mercy 35 x 78.5 cm
  14. 14. Koloman Moser - Design for the left side altar Our Lady of Mercy
  15. 15. Since Kolo Moser had left the Catholic church, there was resistance against Moser creating the altar painting, too. In the end, Carl Ederer did them very similarly to Kolo Moser′s original designs. A law suit around plagiarism was the result, which ended with an agreement of the two artists. Koloman Moser - mosaic design for the main altar
  16. 16. Koloman Moser - mosaic design for the main altar - details
  17. 17. Koloman Moser - mosaic design for the main altar - details
  18. 18. Chandelier for Steinhof Church by Otto Wagner
  19. 19. Koloman Moser - Design for the rise window
  20. 20. The organ placed in the rear gallery is the work of the important turn-of-the-century organ builder Franz Josef Swoboda, among whose other instruments nearby are the organ at the Peterskirche in the centre of Vienna, and the organ of the Donaufeld church in the suburb of Floridsdorf on the other side of the Danube.
  21. 21. The church was opened by Archduke Franz Ferdinand, himself a fierce opponent to Jugendstil and a big fan of historicism - as one can tell from the Ministry of War or the Neue Burg wings of the Hofburg; Franz Ferdinand supervised the construction of all these buildings. To emphasize his disagreements with Wagner, he did not mention his name in the opening speech. The liberal newspaper "Neue Freie Presse" remarked about the opening: "Isn′t it pretty ironic that the first sensible large-scale building of the Secession in Vienna was built for the ludicrous?"
  22. 22. The „Kirche am Steinhof" Church built between 1904 and 1907 is considered to rank among the most significant buildings of Jugendstil or Central European Art Nouveau. It is located on the site of a psychiatric hospital, now called Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Baumgartner Höhe pretty far off the city centre. This is the reason why only few tourists go there - the majority of all visitors of Vienna miss out on this grade A attraction.
  23. 23. The Kirche am Steinhof was extensively refurbished in 2006 and is now all nice and shiny.
  24. 24. Among other measures, the gold gilding of the dome′s cupola was renewed, using a total of 2 kilograms of gold. The marble facades were completely replaced, windows, mosaics and statues were cleaned or renewed
  25. 25. The church is open for visiting on Saturday between 4pm and 5pm and Sunday between noon and 4pm. The interiors are best seen with guided tours, There are also tours in German every Saturday at 3pm and Sunday at 4pm. Entry (2011) € 8. Private tours in English can be booked in advance. Aside from functioning as a place of regular Sunday worship (9:30am), it is also available for baptisms and weddings. The outside and the parks of the hospital surrounding it are open to visitors.
  26. 26. The largest mental hospital in Europe was built in Vienna between 1903 and 1907. It used modern architecture and elaborate landscaping to create a kind of model town for the insane. This model shows the wide scope of the institution on its sloping site with a panoramic view. At the summit of the main axis is the institution's church, a major work by the father of modern architecture, Otto Wagner.
  27. 27. Sound: Plácido Domingo Bist du bei mir - J.S. Bach BWV 508 Aria Wesendonck Lieder - Richard Wagner WWV 91 - Der Engel Preghiera: Alla mente confusa - Francesco Paulo Tosti-for voice and piano (or orchestra) Text and images: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu 2012