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Versailles, Le Petit Trianon1


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The Petit Trianon is a small château located on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France. It was designed by Ange-Jacques Gabriel by the order of Louis XV for his long-term mistress, Madame de Pompadour, and was constructed between 1762 and 1768. But Madame de Pompadour died four years before its completion, and it was subsequently occupied by her successor, Madame du Barry. Upon his accession to the throne in 1774, the 20-year-old Louis XVI gave the château and its surrounding park to his 19-year-old Queen Marie Antoinette for her exclusive use and enjoyment, which was undoubtedly one of the best things he could have given her. Marie longed to escape Louis and his court, and he gave her just the place.

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Versailles, Le Petit Trianon1

  1. 1.
  2. 2. In the beginning the castle of the Petit Trianon was built (1768) for the marquise de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV. But she died before the end of the works and was replaced by Madame Du Barry, who succeeded as favourite until the death of the king Louis XV in 1774. The castle was built in a Neo-Greek style by the architect Angel- Jacques Gabriel; it is a masterpiece which breaks with the rococo style.  However today the Petit Trianon is closely associated with the person of queen Marie- Antoinette. She received the property from her husband king Louis XVI. She made it her intimate refuge far from the protocol and the pageantry of the court of Versailles. She had the Petit Trianon refurnished, redecorated and she refitted the gardens Château de Versailles
  3. 3. Only her friends were invited. The excluded and jealous French nobility took umbrage at the Petit Trianon and called it “Small Vienna”. Marie-Antoinette did not realize that her retirement and the committed expenses were going to crystallize all criticisms against her palace. While isolating herself from the French nobility the Queen would find herself without her natural supports when the revolution burst out
  4. 4. The Grand Staircase The main staircase is the very first room you enter when you use the main entrance of the Petit Trianon. It is also the largest room in the mansion
  5. 5. The Grand Staircase
  6. 6. The Grand Staircase The walls and floor is covered in white and green marble - green also happens to be the most frequently used colour
  7. 7. The Grand Staircase The most luxurious in this room is the iron and golden banister
  8. 8. The Grand Staircase The banister is a piece of art in itself by Francois Brochois
  9. 9. The Grand Staircase However, not everything is as it was when it was originally built. The initials of Louis XV has been replaced by the "MA"'s of Marie Antoinette
  10. 10. The Grand Staircase
  11. 11. The Grand Staircase
  12. 12. Antichambre
  13. 13. Antichambre
  14. 14. Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (1755-1842) Marie Antoinette with the Rose (1783) Antichambre
  15. 15. Madame Lebrun, though only twenty-four, the same age as Marie-Antoinette, was already an established portraitist. She was the daughter of a renowned artist, Louis Vigée, and had been painting aristocratic portraits since her teenage years. She had enjoyed the patronage of the Duchesse d’Orléans, a member of the royal family, who introduced her to the Queen. The latter had long expressed her frustration at being unable to find any painter who could capture her likeness. She was immediately delighted by the first portrait Louise-Elisabeth painted of her Antichambre
  16. 16. Grande salle à manger (dining room) Much like it's neighbor, Versailles (which it is said to have had the first room dedicated entirely to private dining, setting the fashion), the Petit Trianon has a devoted dining room. The room is one of two with a crystal chandelier instead of the more typical lantern
  17. 17. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  18. 18. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  19. 19. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  20. 20. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  21. 21. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  22. 22. Grande salle à manger (dining room)
  23. 23. Grande salle à manger
  24. 24. Seen from the windows of the Grande salle à manger, The French Pavilion (le pavillon français)
  25. 25. The Petite salle à manger
  26. 26. The Petite salle à manger
  27. 27. Madame de Pompadour par Charles André Van Loo
  28. 28. The Petite salle à manger
  29. 29. Petit Trianon the kitchen
  30. 30. The Guards' Room is located across the hall from the Billiard Room and is connected to a passage from where the guards could keep an eye on who came and went to Petit Trianon.
  31. 31. The Guards’ Room When the guards occupied the room (which was whenever Marie Antoinette visited) the room would be filled with beds and mattresses along with chairs and tables.
  32. 32. The Guards’ Room
  33. 33. Marie Antoinette in Il Parnasso Confuso - Johann Georg Weikert, 1778
  34. 34. Performance of the opera by Gluck, 'Il Parnaso Confuso' at Schoenbrunn Palace on 24th January 1765 (oil on canvas) opera performed by the Archduchesses of the Imperial Hapsburg family to celebrate the marriage on 23rd January 1765 of their brother, Joseph II, to his second wife, the Bavarian princess, Maria Josepha of Bavaria (1739-67)
  35. 35. Salle de billard
  36. 36. La famille royale, anonyme, 1782 Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun - Marie Antoinette
  37. 37. Petit Trianon - Chambre de la première femme de chambre
  38. 38. Chambre dame d' honneur; entresol
  39. 39. Chambre dame d' honneur; entresol
  40. 40. Toujours dans l'entresol la bibliothèque (The library)
  41. 41. The Petit Trianon and its park are indissociably linked to the memory of Queen Marie-Antoinette. She is the only queen to have imposed her personal taste on Versailles. Sweeping away the old court and its traditions, she insisted on living as she wished.
  42. 42. In her Trianon domain, which Louis XVI gave her in 1774, she found the heaven of privacy that enabled her to escape from the rigors of court etiquette. Nobody could come there without her invitation
  43. 43. Pictures: Internet & Adrian Moacă Background Marie Antoinette 2006 historical comedy-drama film Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş Sound: Joshua Bell - Gabriel Fauré Violin sonata No1 in A major, op 13 IV Allegro quasi presto