http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1435592-nayin4/
Nayin, the capital of Nayin County, Esfahan Province, is located onthe southern rim of the Iranian central desert at an al...
Apart from coastal area of theLipsa apei înseamnă pustiu, excesul, catastrofă   Caspian Sea the Iran suffers from         ...
Ab-Anbar, an underground water supplyCastelele şi rezervoarele de apă se numescAb-Anbar, adica un fel de hambare pentruapă.
Only a few and highly respected experts could                           and can set up such a system. In this system      ...
Sistemul de canale şi galerii săpate în piatră sau în lut s-a numit iniţial kariz, însă odată cu   Water comes to town and...
The construction material used for abanbars were very tough and extensivelyused a special mortar called saroojmade of sand...
Nayin Mossalla water reservoir stairway
Ab Anbar or water reservoir has a cubic or cylindrical underground tank, which isaccessible through a staircase attached t...
Historical bazaar
Historical bazaar
The Bazaar of Nayin is one of his remarkable attractions,. The bazaar                    extends 340 meters in a curved li...
Historical bazaar
Historical bazaar
Tekyeh (covered sacre place for religious ceremonies)
Hosseinieh (a city courtyard and a place for religious ceremonies)
With Shiite majority Iranians havedeveloped many rituals related tocommemorating Shiite imams.Imam Hussein is the third im...
Hosseinieh (a city courtyard and a place for religious ceremonies)
Nayin has 7 neighborhoods,each with a center, a towncourtyard, or Hosseinieh, asthe inhabitants of Nayin call itEvery Hoss...
Hossienieh is the name givento a place for        religiousceremonies and usually thereis a drinking water fountain orSagh...
Text and slide11: Internet                                         Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu                             ...
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water
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Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water

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Water comes to town and is conserved in water reservoirs or Ab Anbars, which are found both outside and inside the town. Usually each neighborhood has one or more water reservoirs. These reservoirs are housed in Dome shaped buildings which have one or more ventilation towers, making them a recognizable feature in the fabric of the town. For ease of public use, the entrances of the Ab Anbars are usually located on the main passages and intersections of the town.
In Iran, the Shi-eh people have the belief that if you provide free water for everyone you will have a special place in Heaven. Hossienieh is the name given to a place for religious ceremonies and usually there is a drinking water fountain or Sagha Khaneh, which means the home of the one who brings water. There is often a small niche inside the Sagha Khaneh where one can light a candle and say a prayer.

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Iran Nayin4 The lost treasure of Water

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1435592-nayin4/
  2. 2. Nayin, the capital of Nayin County, Esfahan Province, is located onthe southern rim of the Iranian central desert at an altitude of 1545meters above sea level. It has a desert climate, wheretemperatures can reach 50 °C in summer and a minimum of -9degrees in winter. Nayin has been a settlement where caravansstayed to rest and obtain provisions for their journey. Day andnight temperatures during a year can differ up to 70 °C. (Rainusually falls in winter).Nayin, capitala unei diviziuni administrative din provincia Ispahan,este situat la marginea sudică a deşertului central iranian, la oaltitudine de 1545 metri. Vara temperatura poate ajunge la 50ºC,cu un minim de -9ºC iarna. Aşezat pe drumul care leagă douăcentre importante, Ispahan şi Yazd, era odinioară un loc de popasşi aprovizionare pentru caravane.
  3. 3. Apart from coastal area of theLipsa apei înseamnă pustiu, excesul, catastrofă Caspian Sea the Iran suffers from a shortage of water. Water has always been a treasure. Depending on the locality water is drawn either from rivers, springs and wells or from the typically Iranian irrigation system Ghanaf (Qanat). Ghanat was and is to this day a masterpiece of engineering for the daily water supply in Iran. According to the report of Iranian Statistics Office in the first decade of the 20th century about 50,000 systems were in operation at this time. În afară de zona de litoral a Mării Caspice, Iranul suferă din cauza lipsei apei. Întotdeauna apa a fost aici o comoară. Qanaturile, sistemul tipic de irigaţii Iranian, este astfel făcut încât apa să nu se piardă, iar acolo unde se poate, pământul să fie lucrat. Ele sunt canale subterane de aducţiune a apei în rezervoare. Unele qanaturi au mai mult de 15 km lungime An underground water supply
  4. 4. Ab-Anbar, an underground water supplyCastelele şi rezervoarele de apă se numescAb-Anbar, adica un fel de hambare pentruapă.
  5. 5. Only a few and highly respected experts could and can set up such a system. In this system the underground water, which collects after rain or snow is channeled in slightly sloping, long underground ducts to the villages and towns. At a short distance from the town the water is brought to the surfaces where it is stored in reservoirs for convenient distribution. At distances of 50 - 100 m vertical shafts leading to these underground ducts are drilled which serve as air vents for the laborers and for bringing up the excavated soil. Without technical aids and without consumption of energy and raw materials, by the power of thought, physical work and the utilization of natural conditions significant achievements were attained. Dezvoltarea societăţii umane este strâns legată de asigurarea resurselor de apă. Cele mai vechi lucrări hidrotehnice s-au realizat pentru asigurarea apei pentru irigaţii şi pentru alimentarea cu apă potabilă. Printre primele lucrări cunoscute de acest tip, realizate în antichitate, sunt sistemul de irigare început cu 3000 î.Hr. în Persia şi care furnizează şi în prezent aprox. 80% din necesarul de apă pentru irigaţii din regiunea numit Qanat.underground water supply
  6. 6. Sistemul de canale şi galerii săpate în piatră sau în lut s-a numit iniţial kariz, însă odată cu Water comes to town and isinvazia arabilor şi preluarea de către ei a tehnicilor de forare, numele a fost arabizat conserved in water reservoirs ordevenind qanat. Ab Anbars, which are found both outside and inside the town. Usually each neighborhood has one or more water reservoirs. These reservoirs are housed in Dome shaped buildings which have one or more ventilation towers, making them a recognizable feature in the fabric of the town. For ease of public use, the entrances of the Ab Anbars are usually located on the main passages and intersections of the town. Apa adusă în oraş este păstrată în rezervoarele numite Ab Anbar, situate în fiecare cartier. Ela au forma unui dom şi dispun de unul sau mai multe turnuri de ventilaţie (turnurile vântului) Pentru uşurinţa accesului intrările sunt dispuse în pasajele şi intersecţiile importante.
  7. 7. The construction material used for abanbars were very tough and extensivelyused a special mortar called saroojmade of sand, clay, egg whites, lime,goat hair, and ash in specificproportions, depending on location andclimate of the city. This mixture wasthought to be completely waterimpenetrable.În vechime, karizurile si qanaturilealimentau rezervoarele de apă aleoraşului de la care îşi lua apa fiecarelocuitor, băile publice, havuzurile dinmoschei, şcoli şi bazaruri sau cele dingrădinile publice. Ele erau căptuşite cusarooj, un fel pastă obţinută prinamestecul de nisip, humă, albuş de ou,cenuşă, păr de capră şi var, cu care secăptuşeau pereţii canalelor. Amesteculasigura atât impermeabilitatea cât şiigiena apei transportate, pentru că nulăsa să se dezvolte alge şi bacterii pepereţii umezi. Sedimentele şi nămolurilecare se depuneau de-a lungul canalelororizontale, a celor uşor înclinate şi înrezervoarele de apă, erau periodiccurăţate. Acest proces se numestelayeh-rubi, adică îndepartareastraturilor.
  8. 8. Nayin Mossalla water reservoir stairway
  9. 9. Ab Anbar or water reservoir has a cubic or cylindrical underground tank, which isaccessible through a staircase attached to the internal wall for cleaning purposes. Thetank is always built underground for three reasons. One is because the constructionprocess is much easier than building it on the surface and the surrounding excavatedearth helps to reinforce the walls. The second reason is that the water inside remainscool and the outside temperature has less affect. The third reason is that transferringwater from the ghanat is simple. Ventilation towers or Bahdgeers are another importantpart of the construction because they provide air circulation inside and ease of access.For using the water of the water reservoir, there is a stairway attached to it with anentrance on main passageways or intersections. Ease of access to the water is ensuredby the convenient sitting of the entrance of the water reservoir along main passagewaysor intersections.Ab Anbar este un rezervor de apă cubic sau cilindric subteran, accesibil cu ajutorul uneiscări, folosită pentru scopuri de curăţare. Rezervorul este întotdeauna construitsubteran pentru cel puţin trei motive. Mai întâi datorită faptului că procesul deconstrucţie este mult mai uşor în subteran decât la suprafaţă, iar pământul excavatfoloseşte la consolidarea pereţilor. Al doilea motiv este faptul că apa rămâne rece şieste mai puţin afectată de temperatura de afară. Al treilea motiv este că transferul deapă din qanaturi este simplu. Turnurile de ventilaţie sau Bahdgeers sunt o altă parteimportantă a construcţiei, deoarece acestea asigură circulaţia aerului în interiorulrezervorului.Pentru accesul la apă există scări situate în principalele intersecţii.
  10. 10. Historical bazaar
  11. 11. Historical bazaar
  12. 12. The Bazaar of Nayin is one of his remarkable attractions,. The bazaar extends 340 meters in a curved line from the Gate of Chehel Dokhtaran to the mosque of Khajeh Khezr.The bazaar is connected by main alleys, as well as tributary passages to centers of neighborhoods. A number of Nayins important monuments, such as the mosque of Sheikh Maghrebi, the mosque of Khajeh, and the Hosseinieh of Chehel Dokhtaran are embodied in this bazaar. The direction of the crooked streets and passageways of the old town are diagonal, running Northwest-Southeast to offset the prevailing dusty desert winds and the rays of the sun. The inhabitants of the old Naeen brought water to the town through the ghanats. Inside the town water was closer to the surface and transferred to the covered gutters. The routes of the gutter from the way to the Ab Anbars or water reservoirs, distributed water to the houses along the passages. Water entered the houses via an underground channel in the basement; from here it could be easily transferred to the garden or the basin in the courtyard. One of the important advantages of the houses interior water routes was the cool summer rooms as well as the freshness and coolness of water itself. Cele mai importante pasaje acoperite din vechile oraşe persane sunt bazarele. Ele au un plan liniar cu multe bifurcaţii care servesc şi ca legătură între zonele rezidenţiale numite Mahalleh. Monumente importante sunt înglobate în acest complex: moscheile Sheikh Maghrebi şi Khajeh sau Hosseinieh. Direcţia pasajelor supraterane este diagonală, de la nord-vest la sud-Historical bazaar est pentru a micşora impactul vântului din deşert sau a razelor solare
  13. 13. Historical bazaar
  14. 14. Historical bazaar
  15. 15. Tekyeh (covered sacre place for religious ceremonies)
  16. 16. Hosseinieh (a city courtyard and a place for religious ceremonies)
  17. 17. With Shiite majority Iranians havedeveloped many rituals related tocommemorating Shiite imams.Imam Hussein is the third imam (leader ofShiites) who was killed unfairly and brutallyby some Arab tyrants of the time. Everyyear the Shiites around the worldcommemorate his sorrowful and unfairmourning for 10 consecutive days. The10th day is called Ashura which marks themartyrdom of Imam Hussein in Karbala.Nakhl Gardani (carrying the palm tree) is amourning custom of Ashura. DuringMuharram the nakhl is draped with blackbanners and pennons, and carried throughthe streets on the shoulders of mourners;others chant and flay their own backs withchains in an ecstasy of grief.Nakhl, această structură reprezentândsicriul Imamului Hussain este folosită întimpul serbărilor de comemorare din lunaMuharram, împodobită cu ţesături scumpede doliu, procesiunea fiind urmată depenitenţi care se autoflagelează cu lanţuri.
  18. 18. Hosseinieh (a city courtyard and a place for religious ceremonies)
  19. 19. Nayin has 7 neighborhoods,each with a center, a towncourtyard, or Hosseinieh, asthe inhabitants of Nayin call itEvery Hosseinieh has adrinking water fountain orSagha Khaneh, a word whichhas a cultural and traditionalhistory. Hossein is the nameof the grandchild ofMohammad, the prophet ofIslam, and the third religiousleader (Emam) in Shi-ehIslam.Nayin are 7 cartiere fiecareavând în centru o piaţă numităHosseinieh, unde au locceremoniile de comemorare aimamului Hussein, nepotul luiMahomed.Fiecare piaţă Hosseinieh are ofântână cu apă de băut,numită Sagha Khaneh, cu ofoarte importantă semnificaţieculturală şi spirituală
  20. 20. Hossienieh is the name givento a place for religiousceremonies and usually thereis a drinking water fountain orSagha Khaneh, which meansthe home of the one whobrings water.There is often a small nicheinside the Sagha Khanehwhere one can light a candleand say a prayer.Hossienieh este denumit defapt locul unde au locceremoniile religioase decomemorare şi jelire aImamului Hossein; aici seaflă şi fântâna cu apă de băutnumită Sagha Khaneh, ceeace înseamnă casa celui careaduce apa. De multe oriexistă şi o nişă unde sepoate pune o lumânarerostind o rugăciune
  21. 21. Text and slide11: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Shahram Nazeri - Safare Osrat www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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