Singapore The Kings of Fragrant Plants


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2.Vanessa-Mae Vanakorn Nicholson (born 27 October 1978), known professionally as Vanessa-Mae, is an internationally known British violinist.Vanessa-Mae was born in Singapore to a Thai father (Varaprong Vanakorn) and a Chinese mother (Pamela Tan).

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Singapore The Kings of Fragrant Plants

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Millions of years ago, as dinosaurs roam the earth and primordial forests thrive, flowering plants were beginning to evolve and carpet the ground with their fascinating colors and sweet smelling scent. One of these floral plants was the orchid.
  3. 3. As the earth begins to age and new species emerge, the orchid family continues to grow and expand to all regions of the world except Antarctica. People become fascinated with this exotic and unique plant, making orchid history very interesting.
  4. 4. It is currently believed to be the largest family of flowering plants with between 21,950 and 26,049 currently accepted species, found in 880 genera.
  5. 5. The number of orchid species equals more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species.
  6. 6. The family also includes Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus) and many commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.
  7. 7. The complex mechanisms which orchids evolve to achieve cross- pollination were investigated by Charles Darwin and described in his 1862 book Fertilization of Orchids
  8. 8. It wasn't until Confucius called orchids the "King of Fragrant Plants" though, that orchids found its way to written literature and from then on, the orchid means a lot of things to the Chinese- feminity, nobleness and elegance, perfection, numerous offspring and retirement, among others.
  9. 9. Orchid history is an intricate as some of its species.
  10. 10. From Confucius' works, orchids can be found on Greeks writing around 350 BC. The etymology of the word comes from the Greeks. "orchis" is a reference to the word testicle in Greek. The Greeks, too, like the Chinese, regard orchids with reproductive system stimulation.
  11. 11. This brings to mind a myth in Japan where it is told that the Emperor's barren wife snuffled an orchid's scent and eventually gave birth to more than a dozen children. This was such a famous tale in Japan that fortunes were amassed by orchid sale.
  12. 12. In Europe, Cortez was said to have brought it home after his adventure in Mexico. He was looking for gold and found himself offered a drink flavored with vanilla. This was extracted from the orchid Vanilla Panifolia.
  13. 13. The Aztecs of Mexico used this not only as flavoring but also as aphrodisiac, perfume and as medicine. Up to this day, vanilla is still used as flavoring and medicine, and is grown the world over.
  14. 14. The Arab countries, too, contribute to orchid history. In Arabia, "Sahlep", made from dried orchid tubers, is a popular drink while in Turkey; salep is used as beverage and ice cream flavoring.
  15. 15. The mention of orchid, came a little late for English medical literature and it was only in the 1700s that orchid gained its popularity in Great Britain when exports from China and the West Indies flooded in.
  16. 16. Most orchids were grown at the Royal Botanical Gardens to copy the environment from where they originated.
  17. 17. Dendrobium Gyula Horn This hybrid was named after His Excellency Mr Gyula Horn, former Prime Minister of Hungary, on the occasion of his visit to the National Orchid Garden on 18 April 1997
  18. 18. Cattley was a wealthy man who made a difference in raising orchids with his money and for a while, orchids were known to be a "rich's man's plant". I'm sure you have heard of the Cattleya. This is named after William Cattley who made it possible for the orchids to flourish outside the Botanical Garden.
  19. 19. Orchid history has come a long way. Today there are more than 10,000 hybrids. From being just a rich man's plant, the orchid is now available for everyone to enjoy.
  20. 20. Color plate from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur
  21. 21. Pictures: Sanda Foi oreanuş Doina Grigoraş Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş Sound Vanessa Mae – Butterfly Lovers