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Iran Tehran Golestan Palace2


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Dating back to 1759, Khalvat Karim Khani was a part of the interior residence of Karim Khan Zand. The basic structure of the Khalvat-e-Karim Khani is similar to Takht-e-Marmar. Like the latter, it is a terrace (iwan). There is a small marble throne inside the terrace. The structure is much smaller than Takht-e-Marmar and it has much less ornamentation. There was once a small pond with a fountain in the middle of this terrace. Water from a subterranean stream (the king’s qanat) flowed from the fountain into the pond and was later used to irrigate the Palace grounds.

Nasser-ol-Din Shah was fond of this corner of Golestan Palace. He is said to have spent much time here in rest and repose– smoking his water pipe in quite reflection. In fact, some believe that it was he who dubbed the structure Khalvat (nook). It seems extraordinary, but the valuable gravestone of Nasser-ol-Din Shah finally found its way to this quite corner of the Palace after being misplaced for sometime. This marble stone with a craved image of Nasser-ol-Din Shah is indeed a site to behold.

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Iran Tehran Golestan Palace2

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Golestan Palace Complex consists of 17 palaces,museums, and Halls. Almost all of this complex wasbuilt during 200 years of Qajar kings ruling. Thesepalaces were used for many different occasions suchas coronation and other important celebrations.When Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (1742–1797)chose Tehran as his capital Golestan Palace becamethe official residence of the royal Qajar family. Thepalace was rebuilt to its current form in 1865. Duringthe Pahlavi era (1925–1979) Golestan Palace wasused for formal royal receptions and the Pahlavidynasty built their own palace at Niavaran. The mostimportant ceremonies held in the Palace during thePahlavi era were the coronation of Reza Khan (r.1925-1941) in Takht-e Marmar and the coronation ofMohammad Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941-deposed 1979) inthe Museum Hall.Palatul Golestan (Grădina Trandafirilor), azi muzeu,este de fapt un complex de 17 palate, construitaproape în întregime în timpul celor 200 de ani aidinastiei Qajare. Folosit cu ocazia ceremoniilorimportante a devenit reşedinţa oficială a familieiregale atunci când Agha Mohammad Khan a mutatcapitala la Teheran. Complexul a fost modificat şireconstruit în 1865.
  3. 3. Internet image
  4. 4. Khalvat Karim Khani(In Iran the Persian term used for patio ishayat khalvat which translates to a smallquiet and private yard, and is usually acourtyard within the dwelling or walled withinthe property, for womens privacy withouthijab)Dating back to 1759, this building (similar toTakht-e-Marmar) was a part of the interiorresidence of Karim Khan Zand. it is aterrace (iwan). There is a small marblethrone inside the terrace. The structure ismuch smaller than Takht-e-Marmar and ithas much less ornamentation. There wasonce a small pond with a fountain in themiddle of this terrace. Water from asubterranean stream (the king’s qanat)flowed from the fountain into the pond andwas later used to irrigate the Palacegrounds.Clădirea construită în 1759, foarteasemănătoare cu terasa tronului demarmură, făcea parte din reşedinţa privatăa şahului Karim Khan Zand.Se află pe terasa aceasta, pe lângă tronulde marmură, o fântână arteziană alimentatăodinioară de un canal subteran (qanat), apacăreia era folosită apoi la stropirea grădinilor
  5. 5. Internet image
  6. 6. Takht Marmar Fat′h-Ali Shah Qajar and Howz Khaneh.
  7. 7. Nasser-ol-Din Shah was fond ofthis corner of Golestan Palace.He is said to have spent muchtime here in rest and repose–smoking his water pipe in quitereflection. In fact, some believethat it was he who dubbed thestructure Khalvat (nook). It seemsextraordinary, but the valuablegravestone of Nasser-ol-Din Shahfinally found its way to this quitecorner of the Palace after beingmisplaced for sometime. Thismarble stone with a craved imageof Nasser-ol-Din Shah is indeed asite to behold.Acesta era locul favorit al ŞahuluiNasser-ol-Din, care şi-a petrecutmult timp fumându-şi narghileauaaici şi meditând. Se pare că el abotezat locul Khalvat (ungherretras pentru meditaţie şisolitudine). Pare extraordinarfaptul că până la urmă piatra demormânt, splendid sculptată, aşahului, a ajuns pe aceastăterasă.
  8. 8. The marble stone with a craved image of Nasser-ol-Din Shah
  9. 9. The Royal Court andResidence occupied morethan one third of Arg, liketraditional Iranian houses,had two interior and exteriorquarters. The exteriorquarters consisted of theadministrative section of theroyal court and a squareshaped garden known asGolestan (rose garden).These two parts, wereseparated by severalbuildings, that weredestroyed in Pahlavi period.Curtea şi reşedinţa regalăocupau mai mult de otreime din Citadelă iarpalatul privat era despărţitde zona publică (sectoruladministrativ şi grădinatrandafirilor) de mai multeclădiri care au fostdemolate în epoca Pahlavi.
  10. 10. The Lion and Sun is one of thebetter-known emblems of Iran,and between 1423 and 1979was an element in Iransnational flag. The motif, whichcombines ancient Iranian,Arab, Turkish, Mongol becamea popular symbol in Iran in the12th century The lion and sunsymbol is based largely onastronomical and astrologicalconfigurations. It became anational emblem during theQajar era.Binecunoscuta efigie Leul şiSoarele (element al steaguluiiranian în perioada 1423 –1979), încărcat cu semnificaţiipersane, arabe, turceşti saumongole, acest simbol adevenit foarte popular în Iranîncă din secolul XII.În timpul dinastiei Qajare a fostemblema naţională a Iranului
  11. 11. In Iran the Persian term used for patio is hayat khalvat which translates to a small quiet and private yard, and is usually a courtyard within the dwelling or walled within the property, for womens privacy without hijab.Internet image
  12. 12. Iran Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Zoya Sabet - Zolfaye Yaram