Iran Susa Museum


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Susa is one of the oldest cities in the world. Excavations have established that people were living at the acropolis in 5000 BCE and have shown the existence of urban structures about 4000, and we can be certain that the town, situated on a strip of land between the rivers Shaour (a tributary of the Karkheh) and Dez, was already a political center of some importance.
Many objects from Susa have found their way to museums in Iran and Europe. The site itself has a nice little museum; other objects can be found in the Louvre (Paris), the British Museum (London), and the Archaeological Museum in Tehran

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Iran Susa Museum

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  2. 2. Susa is one of the oldest cities in the world. Excavationshave established that people were living at the acropolisin 5000 BCE and have shown the existence of urbanstructures about 4000, and we can be certain that thetown, was already a political center of some importance.Many objects from Susa have found their way tomuseums in Iran and Europe. The site itself has a nicelittle museum; other objects can be found in the Louvre(Paris), the British Museum (London), and theArchaeological Museum in Tehran.Elamul cu capitala Susa, unul din cele mai vechi oraşede pe pământ, în secolul XIII î.Hr. a devenit puteredominantă; includea cea mai mare parte a Mesopotamieila est de Tigru şi se întindea până aproape dePersepolis.Multe obiecte găsite la Susa au găsit calea spre altemuzee. Susa are un mic muzeu deschis în 1966 însămai multe obiecte pot fi văzute la Luvru, la BritishMuseum sau la Muzeul Arheologic din Teheran.
  3. 3. Elamite states were among theleading political forces of theancient near east. In classicalliterature, Elam was more oftenreferred to as Susiana, a namederived from its capital, Susa.Elam, care a durat între aprox2700 î.Hr. până în 539 d.Hr., esteuna dintre cele mai vechi civilizaţiicunoscute. Elam s-a situat învestul şi sud-vestul Iranului de azi,precum şi în porţiuni ale suduluiIrakului.
  4. 4. Mive (Derakhte konar)
  5. 5. We can catch a glimpse of thebeauty of the city in some of thescenes of the Biblical book ofEsther, the story of which issituated in Susa, at the court ofking Ahasverus (Xerxes)After the fall of the Achaemenidempire and the reign of Alexanderthe Great, who married in Susa,the city became part of theSeleucid empire. It was nowcalled Seleucia on the Eulaeus.Ne putem imagina frumuseţeaoraşului citind din Biblie unelescene din Cartea Esterei,acţiunea căreia se petrece laSusa, la curtea regelui Ahasverus(Xerxes).După căderea imperiuluiAchemenid şi domnia luiAlexandru Macedon (care secăsătoreşte la Susa) oraşul aaparţinut imperiului Seleucid şi s-a numit Seleucia
  6. 6. During the Sasanian age, thecity had a large Christiancommunity. It was sacked by theSasanian king Shapur II, whotransferred the population toIwan-e Karkheh, but Susa wassufficiently recovered in theearly seventh century to fightagainst the Arabs, whonevertheless captured the city.În timpul dinastiei sassanide înoraş exista o comunitate marecreştină. Oraşul a fost jefuit deregele Shapur al II-lea dar s-arefăcut suficient la începutulsecolului şapte pentru a lupta cuinvadatorii arabi, care n-au pututcuceri niciodată Susa.
  7. 7. Musée du Louvre, ParisLe code de Hammurabi The best-known archaeological find from Susa is without any doubt the diorite stele with the Laws of the Babylonian king Hammurabi (1792-1750), which was taken away when the Elamites looted Babylon. The capital of the stele shows how Hammurabi prays to Šamaš, the sun god. The laws are written underneath this picture. Cea mai cunoscută descoperire arheologică făcută la Susa este fără îndoială stela de diorit reprezentând legile regelui Babilonului, Hammurabi (1792-1750 î.Hr). Pe capiteliul stelei este reprezentat regele rugându-se la zeul Soare Samas, iar mai jos sunt scrise legile.
  8. 8. Musée du Louvre, ParisLe code de Hammurabi
  9. 9. Musée duLouvre, ParisLe code deHammurabi
  10. 10. Musée du Louvre, ParisCapiteliul unei coloane de la sala de audienţe This colossal capital from one of(Apadana) a palatului lui Darius, the 36 monumental columns thatSusa, 510 î.Hr. supported the roof of the Apadana at Susa is evidence of an architectural tradition that is purely Iranian. The 36 columns of the hall stood 21 meters in height. Each consists of a square base inscribed with the name of the king, and a fluted shaft recalling the Ionian style, surmounted by three successive elements: a basket-like ensemble of palm-fronds borrowed from Egypt, an arrangement of double volutes with rosettes taken from the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and above this the foreparts of two kneeling bulls, back to back. The beam rested in the gap between the necks of the animals. This pair of bull protomes reproduces an old Mesopotamian motif symbolizing the cosmic equilibrium.
  11. 11. Musée du Louvre, ParisCapital of a column from theaudience hall of the palace ofDarius, "The Shushan Palace".Capiteliul unei coloane de la salade audienţe (Apadana) a palatuluilui Darius,Susa, 510 î.Hr.
  12. 12. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  13. 13. Musée du Louvre, ParisThese decorative panels of polychrome glazed brick come from thepalace of Darius I at Susa. Louvre Museum
  14. 14. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  15. 15. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  16. 16. Musée du Louvre, Paris Susa Achaemenid administrative documentMusée du Louvre, ParisSusa Awan kinglist
  17. 17. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  18. 18. Musée du Louvre, ParisMusée du Louvre, Paris Susa sasanian cupSusa funerary portrait
  19. 19. Musée du Louvre, ParisSusa royal warrior
  20. 20. Susa, Stele of Adda-hamiti- InšušinakMusée du Louvre, ParisTreaty between Naram-Sin of Akkadand Khita (?), king of Awan
  21. 21. Many Persian relics are kept in museums across the world. Most of these were looted from Iran due to the negligence of past rulers. The Louvre in Paris is one of the most famous museums of the world housing Persian artifacts. These artifacts attract many visitors every year. The Louvre museum is Irans second embassy in Paris, said its curator Henri Loyrette. Few French people travel to Iran; however they have been able to view Irans cultural heritage via exhibitions and displays of ancient Persian artworks which have been regularly set up in the Louvre museum, Loyrette said.Musée du Louvre, ParisSacrifice of a goat
  22. 22. Musée du Louvre, ParisBattle axe, third millennium Musée du Louvre, Paris Silver rhyton (Achaemenid period)
  23. 23. Musée du Louvre, Paris Musée du Louvre, ParisBanquet scene, third millennium Model of a sun ritual, reign of Šilkhak-Inšušinak
  24. 24. Musée du Louvre, ParisDedication to Inšušinak
  25. 25. Stone fish (Archaeological Museum of Tehran)Marble head, probably Greek (Archaeological Museum, Tehran) Handle of a coffin, Parthian age (Archaeological Museum, Tehran)
  26. 26. British Museum Moulded clay figure Elamite, about 1400-1200 BC From Susa, south-west IranDSe (British Museum)A clay tablet with the text by Darius I the Great that is known as DSe: a listof satrapies.
  27. 27. Kneeling Bull Holding a Spouted Vessel 3100–2900 BC.Susa, Proto-Elamite period. Metropolitan Museum of Art,
  28. 28. Persian warriors from SusaBerlin Pergamon Museum
  29. 29. Text : Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Daniela Iacob (Louvre) Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu Ardavan Kamkar - Dance Of Wind