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Seville is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain. It is the capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and of the province of Seville. It is situated on the plain of the River Guad
alquivir, with an average elevation of 7 metres (23 ft) above sea level. The population of the city of Seville was 704,198 as of 2010 (INE), ranking as the fourth largest city of Spain. The population of the metropolitan area (urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,508,605 as of 2010 (INE estimate).
Seville was taken by the Muslims in 712 and it was capitol for the Kings of the Umayyad Caliphate, the Almoravid dynasty, and the Almohad dynasty from the 8th to 13th centuries. In 1248 forces of King Fernando III of Castile won victory in Seville's chapter of the peninsula's Catholic Reconquista