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Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, Scotland includes over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
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  • Our Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh is a highly successful children’s science museum which takes as its theme the astounding science surrounding the past, present and future of our planet. Over the years, Scotland has produced many eminent scientists, and our country enjoys an excellent reputation worldwide for its rich tradition of pioneering scientific achievement. It seems fitting, therefore, that one of the UK’s most popular interactive science museums is to be found right at the heart of Scotland’s bustling capital city, bringing science to life for a whole new generation of potential scientific superstars.
  • Beneath the new tent structure between the Parliament buildings and the Castle, visitors can make an enormously interesting journey through the Earth's history. Interactive and with multimedia, it's great for kids too.
  • Edinburgh Surrounded by rolling hills and historic ruins, the majestic capital of Scotland was one of the major centers of the enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, earning it the nickname Athens of the North after the Acropolis-like skyline of Edinburgh Castle The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 and yet Edinburgh embraces the new; the quirkiness of The Scottish Parliament Building and National Museum of Scotland are as revolutionary as they are traditional. A City of Literature, writers such as James Boswell, Robert Louis Stevenson, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and Sir Walter Scott all lived and worked in Edinburgh. J K Rowling, author of the Harry Potter novels, is a resident and the work of Leith native Irvine Welsh, whose novels are mostly set in the city and are often written in colloquial Scots. From leading the way in decentralization to the rejuvenation of the port of Leith, Edinburgh is a great example of a city in transition and makes an ideal city break for those studying art, literature, history or geography.
  • The unique architecture of the Scottish Parliament was complicated by design changes and cost increases. Scotland's new Parliament sits at the foot of Edinburgh's famous Royal Mile in front of the spectacular Holyrood Park and Salisbury Crags. Constructed from a mixture of steel, oak, and granite, the complex building has been hailed as one of the most innovative designs in Britain today. Drawing inspiration from the surrounding landscape, the flower paintings by Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the upturned boats on the seashore, Enric Miralles, one of the world's premier architects, developed a design that he said was a building "growing out of the land".
  • The Palace of Holyroodhouse , commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace , is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland . The palace stands at the bottom of the Royal Mile in Edinburgh , at the opposite end to Edinburgh Castle . Holyrood Palace is the setting for state ceremonies and official entertaining.
  • Holyrood Abbey was founded by David I, King of Scots in 1128, and Holyrood Palace has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scots since the 15th century. Queen Elizabeth II spends one week in residence at Holyrood Palace at the beginning of each summer, where she carries out a range of official engagements and ceremonies. The palace is open to the public throughout the year, except when members of the Royal Family are in residence. At the foot of the Royal Mile, you will find the Palace of Holyroodhouse , the Queen's official residence in Scotland. With the spectacular backdrop of Arthur's Seat, this palace has been in the thick of Scottish history since the 13th century. When the Queen is not in residence, visitors are given access to apartments and the grounds of the Palace. The Queen's Gallery houses some splendid royal collections. With Dynamic Earth , Scottish Parliament and Arthur's Seat nearby, this is a great day out.
  • Make the most of your visit to Edinburgh by visiting some of these top city areas: 1.) Old Town With a fascinating history that’s impossible to ignore, every one of the tightly packed buildings in the Old Town has earned its place in history. The Royal Mile makes up the main spine of the area, running from Edinburgh Castle at the top to the Palace of Holyroodhouse and Scottish Parliament at its foot, surrounded by steeply sloping streets and mysterious wynds. By the 18th Century the cramped conditions of the High Street had prompted the need for expansion, and saw plans for a New Town come together. 2.) New Town In 1766 a competition for the best architectural scheme for the proposed New Town was held. Six plans were considered, and James Craig's scheme was chosen. The elegant Georgian architecture this involved now provides the backdrop to a number of equally stylish shops, bars and restaurants. Although nowadays Princes Street is commonly regarded as the main street of this scheme, George Street was the backbone of the plan; it was built, at 100 feet wide, 20 feet wider than either Princes Street or Queen Street.
  • The ruined Augustinian abbey that is sited in the grounds was founded in 1128 at the order of King David I of Scotland. Holyrood Abbey has been the site of many royal coronations and marriage ceremonies, and a number of Kings of Scots and other Scottish royalty are buried there. The roof of the abbey collapsed in 1768, leaving it as it currently stands. The abbey was adapted as a chapel for the Order of the Thistle by King James VII in 1687-88, but was subsequently destroyed by a mob. In 1691 the Kirk of the Canongate replaced the abbey as the local parish church, and it is at the Kirk of the Canongate that the Queen today attends services when in residence at Holyrood Palace.
  • In the fifteenth century a guesthouse stood on the site of the present north range of the Palace, west of the Abbey and its cloister. Many of Scotland's medieval Kings stayed here before the palace's construction, and by the late 15th century Holyrood was a royal residence in all but name; not only was James II born at Holyrood in 1430, it was in Holyrood that he was crowned, married and laid to rest. Between 1498 and 1501, James IV constructed a new building, with Holyrood becoming a palace in the true sense of the word. Holyrood Palace and Abbey, with the Queen not in residence (signified by the flying of the historical Royal Standard of Scotland as opposed to the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (for use in Scotland) ) The palace was built around a quadrangle , situated west of the abbey cloister. It contained a chapel, gallery, royal apartments, and a great hall. The chapel occupied the present north range of the Great Quadrangle, with the Queen's apartments occupying part of the south range. A third range to the west contained the King's lodgings and the entrance to the palace. He also oversaw construction of a two storey gate house, fragments of which survive in the Abbey Courthouse. James V added to the palace between 1528 and 1536, beginning with the present north-west tower. In this tower are the famous suite of rooms once occupied by Mary, Queen of Scots .
  • 1.) Architecture The UNESCO World Heritage Site at the heart of the city combines the medieval Old Town, the Georgian New Town and award winning modern architecture. A stroll through the city's streets show Edinburgh's timeless elegance, steeped in fascinating history. From the dominating castle at the heart of the city to the new Scottish Parliament building, inspiration, creativity and vibrancy are in the air everywhere in Edinburgh.
  • 2.) City Tour Let the professionals guide you around the city, choose from an open top bus, a walking or cycling tour or an atmospheric ghost tour of the Old Town. All city bus tours leave from Waverley Bridge and you can buy a hop-on, hop-off ticket which will last you 24 hours. Ghost tours are generally concentrated around the Old Town. Tickets can be bought directly or at the Tourist Information Centre on top of Waverley Mall, at 3 Princes Street.
  • Nelson's Monument Edinburgh - Calton Hill Monument Commemorates Admiral Lord Nelson (died at Battle of Trafalgar,1805) Viewing platform: best panoramic views of the capital Time Ball installed in 1852 to allow ships in the Forth to know the time The Monument's dropping ball on top pole signalled time to ships in the Firth of Forth. Nelson's Monument replaced an existing mast on Calton Hill's summit with a signal-tower high enough to be visible to ships on the Forth and commemorates Admiral Lord Nelson's death at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The stone structure is 106 ft high with 143 steps from a base 456 ft above sea level. The really smart aspect of this tower is the time signal installed at its top in 1852 to enable ships' captains to set their chronometers accurately. A large time-ball drops on weekdays, at 12pm in Winter and 1pm in Summer coinciding with the firing of Edinburgh Castle's One o'Clock Gun.
  • Statue of The Duke of Wellington in front of Register House at the East End of Princes Street
  • The Balmoral is a luxury five-star hotel and landmark in Edinburgh , Scotland , known as the North British Hotel until the late 1980s. It is located in the heart of the city at the east end of Princes Street , the main shopping street beneath the Edinburgh Castle rock, and the southern edge of the New Town . For travellers arriving by train, the hotel provided comfortable and elegant lodgings, before they continued their journeys. To assist passengers in reaching their train on time, the hotel tower's clock, visible from a considerable distance away, is traditionally set to be two minutes fast. The clock tower, at 190 feet (58 m) high, forms a prominent landmark in Edinburgh's city centre. The building’s architecture is Victorian , influenced by the traditional Scottish baronial style . Sadly it was stripped of most of its ornamental stone balconies in its refurbishment, and whilst remaining ornate, is visibly "scarred".
  • The Scott Monument is a Victorian Gothic monument to Scottish author Sir Walter Scott (not to be confused with the National Monument ). It stands in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh , opposite the Jenners department store on Princes Street and near to Edinburgh Waverley Railway Station .
  • The tower is 200 feet 6 inches (61.11 m) high, and has a series of viewing decks reached by a series of narrow spiral staircases giving panoramic views of central Edinburgh and its surroundings. The highest viewing deck is reached by a total of 287 steps (those who climb the steps can obtain a certificate commemorating the event). It is built from Binny sandstone quarried in nearby Ecclesmachan . This oily stone was known to attract dirt quickly and was probably a deliberate choice to allow the Gothic form to quickly obtain the patina of age. Arguably the soot of Edinburgh's chimneys, in combination with smoke from the nearby railway line and Waverley Station perhaps over-egged the result, and it is now very hard to make out the numerous carved figures. Bill Bryson has described it as looking like a "gothic rocket ship".
  • Located on Edinburgh’s historical North Bridge, the Scotsman Hotel has been converted from the Scotsman Newspaper’s baronial offices into one of the most stylish hotels in the city. The hotel is just a minutes stroll from both Princes Street and The Royal Mile. The hotel brings together the efficiency of the 21st Century with careful design, attention to the comfort of our guests and the very best in Scottish hospitality. The primary desire was to create a hotel of comfort with an ageless design. There are novel features throughout the building, echoing back to the buildings former life as the offices of the Scotsman Newspaper, resulting in a unique experience, for all guests. Many of the features of the building hark back to when the building was used by The Scotsman Newspaper . Originally the top of the building had pigeon lofts for carrier pigeons which were used to carry news back and forth from outlying parts of Scotland. The middle floors of the building were home to the editorial offices and now house the bedrooms (with suites named after the newspaper hierarchy – Editor , Publisher & Director ). The basement housed the printing presses and is now home to a gym and spa. The hotel’s bar was formerly the newspaper’s reception room. The building's marble staircase was previously only allowed to be used by the newspaper's editorial team. Advertising rooms now hold a private cinema.
  • Following Scott's death in 1832, a competition was held to design a monument to him. An unlikely entrant went under the pseudonym " John Morvo ", the name of the medieval architect of Melrose Abbey . Morvo was in fact George Meikle Kemp , forty-five year old joiner , draftsman , and self-taught architect . Kemp had feared his lack of architectural qualifications and reputation would disqualify him, but his design (which was similar to an unsuccessful one he had earlier submitted for the design of Glasgow Cathedral ) was popular with the competition's judges, and in 1838 Kemp was awarded the contract to construct the monument. John Steell was commissioned to design a monumental statue of Scott to rest in the space between the tower's four columns. Steell's statue, made from white Carrara marble , shows Scott seated, resting from writing one of his works with a quill pen and his dog Maida by his side.
  • The National Gallery of Scotland, in Edinburgh, is the national art gallery of Scotland. An elaborate neoclassical edifice, it stands on The Mound, between the two sections of Edinburgh's Princes Street Gardens. The building, which was designed by William Henry Playfair, first opened to the public in 1859 The National Gallery shares the Mound with the Royal Scottish Academy Building. In 1912 both were remodeled by William Thomas Oldrieve. When it re-opened, the gallery concentrated on building its permanent collection of Scottish and European art for the nation.
  • On George Square on the east side you will see a refine exemplification of Victorian Glasgow architecture, the city chambers, this structure is Italian renaissance inspired and was made by William Young and completed in 1888. It's interior displays a sequence of beauteous illustration, the banqueting hall which portrays the history of city.
  • Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom. It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands. Owing to its location, Glasgow is one of Scotland's areas with the mildest climate. Glasgow has seen more changes in the past years than most other cities in the UK. From a declining industrial centre with a pessimistic attitude about its future, Glasgow has turned into a prosperous European city and a popular tourist destination. The citizens of Glasgow have always been proud of their history. Over the years Glaswegians have made their mark on the political, educational, scientific, religious, commercial and cultural map at home and abroad. In the 19th-20th Glasgow was ranked as one of the finest and richest cities in Europe and as an ideal model of organized industrial society. It was no doubt the "Second City of the British Empire."
  • With ports on the river Clyde, Glasgow became one of the world's main centers of engineering, trade, shipbuilding and locomotive construction. The former wealth can still be seen in the architecture of Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Alexander 'Greek' Thomson. In the post-war period, the city suffered from a severe recession. The population reduced nearly in half. The economic downturn, unemployment and poverty led to serious social problems and the appearance of notorious gangs. In the 1980s, Glasgow's economics experienced an active resurgence. The 'miles better' campaign made it a European financial centre and promoted an increase in investment and tourism. The city was reborn as a centre of style and vitality set against a backdrop of impressive Victorian architecture, for example the Glasgow City Chambers; the main building of the University of Glasgow, and the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum.
  • One of the main reasons of this impressive change is the cultural and artistic growth. Scottish film, theatre, literature, music and design are constantly capturing attention of people from all over the world. With a first class art galleries and museums, in 1990 Glasgow was chosen as a European City of Culture. The city also houses excellent theatres, sports and leisure facilities, beautiful parks and an array of restaurants, pubs and clubs. No visit would be complete without visiting the city's designer shops and outlets, without pit-stops in the restaurants and comfortable pubs. The city centre is based on a grid system of streets. Its heart is beautiful George Square where you can visit the Glasgow City Chambers, now the residence of Glasgow City Council.
  • Buchanan Street has been Glasgow’s premier street for the past two centuries and is an integral part of the fabric of Glasgow’s historic city centre. With its richly ornamented Victorian and Edwardian commercial buildings as a backdrop, Buchanan Street is Glasgow’s grandest promenade. Along its length it contains numerous shops, two arcades, two major shopping centers, a museum and library, and a design centre. The entrance to the city’s main concert hall both terminates the street’s axis and helps turn the corner into Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow’s other main shopping artery. The street is pedestrianized and attracts numerous visitors.
  • The Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA) is Glasgow's main contemporary art gallery, and is second only in the UK to London's Tate Modern Gallery. Fronted by imposing Corinthian columns, the Glasgow Gallery of Modern Arts is easily recognised by the adjacent statue of the Duke of Wellington - the statue is always to be seen wearing a traffic cone as a hat, and has become a well-known glasgow tourist attraction in its own right.
  • Gallery of Modern Art Glasgow's newest upscale art gallery, housing the best of modern Scottish artists.
  • The Gallery displays works from both Glaswegian and International artists. There is a cafe, free internet access and an educational studio with regular workshops. The Gallery of Modern Art is located in the city centre on Queen Street, just minutes walk from Buchanan Street Bus Station, Queen Street Train Station and Glasgow Central Train Station.
  • Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum Argyle Street Glasgow,
  • Kelvingrove Tourism: The Glasgow Kelvingrove Museum & Art Gallery attracts more than one million visitors each year. It is the second most popular visitor attraction in Scotland and the most visited museum in the UK outside London.   Building History: 1892-1900  Sir J.W.Simpson and Milner Allen.  The Kelvingrove Museum was the permanent building of the 1901 Glasgow International Exhibition, which was chosen in preference to other, and better, designs - among them one in which Charles Rennie Mackintosh had a large hand.   It was included on the grounds of Size and grandeur rather than architectural distinction.   Most of the Exterior Sculpture is by Sir George Frampton.  
  • The Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum is Scotland’s premier museum and art gallery. It is one of Europe’s great civic art collections. It was reopened by the Queen in 2006 after a three year refurbishment and has become the most visited museum in the UK outside London. I took this photograph from one of the popular tourist sight-seeing buses. As I was vainly attempting to photograph as much of Glasgow in one day as possible, I used this tour bus as a way to see / travel between various locations. The bus was moving when this picture was taken and unfortunately I didn’t get off the bus to explore inside this building as from the outside it looks fascinating.
  • Glasgow Kelvingrove Museum & Art Gallery Opening hours are 10am - 5pm Monday to Thursday and Saturday, and 11am - 5pm Friday and Sunday. Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum admission is free. Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum: Glasgow Kelvingrove Museum & Art Gallery is one of Glasgow's proudest possessions.   This amazing building is set within the beautiful surroundings of Kelvingrove Park including Glasgow University, the Glasgow Museum of Transport and Park Grove and Trinity College Towers / Rocheads Park Church Tower as well as Byres Road.   The Kelvingrove Museum houses everything from fine and decorative arts to archaeology and the natural world. The number of individual items in the natural history department alone is vast. You can admire Sir Roger the Elephant or wonder at 300-million-year-old fossils of marine life from the Glasgow area. The Glasgow Kelvingrove Museum & Art Gallery has been shut for major refurbishment and renovation since July 2003 and the work is expected to be finished with a official opening date on the 11th of July and the Official opening ceremony in September.     With the Kelvingrove Museum & Art Gallery closure most of the museum items and artefacts were moved to other museums within Glasgow city, the biggest collection being moved to the McClellan Galleries on Sauchiehall Street.  This project is being funded by Glasgow City Council, the European Union, Historic Scotland and the Heritage Lottery Fund Scotland and other small charities events from the general public.
  • The University of Glasgow is the fourth oldest university in the English-speaking world. It dates from 1451 when King James II of Scotland persuaded Pope Nicholas V to grant a lead seal, or bull, authorising Bishop William Turnbull of Glasgow to set up a university. For its first nine years, the fledgling university was based at Glasgow Cathedral. In 1460, the University moved to High Street, where, over the next 400 years, it continued to expand both in its scope and size. It was a centre of the both the industrial revolution and the Scottish Enlightenment. As it grew however, the University was restricted by the encroaching overcrowding and squalor of the city and the expanding factories and railways, fruits of the industrial expansion it had helped to shape. As a result, in 1870, it moved to its current familiar west end location at Gilmorehill, then a greenfield site enclosed by a large loop of the River Kelvin. As part of the move, Pearce Lodge and the Lion and Unicorn Staircase were moved stone by stone from the old site to the new and both can still be seen today. Meanwhile, the rest of the campus at Gilmorehill was centred on a neo-Gothic main building designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott; his son John Oldrid Scott, added the spire. From that time on, the University has stood as a landmark across the city, with its distinctive profile silhouetted against the skyline.
  • Scotland

    1. 1. Scoţia Scotland
    2. 2. Edinburgh patrimoniu cultural mondial UNESCO
    3. 3. The Mother Earth of All Adventures (cunoscut şi ca T he Dynamic Earth Museum)
    4. 4. Edinburgh este un oraș de pe coasta de est a Scoției, și capitala acesteia din 1437. Este una dintre cele 32 subdiviziuni ale Scoției.
    5. 5. În oraș se aflã sediul Parlamentului scoțian, care a fost restabilit în 1999. Clãdirea Parlamentului
    6. 6. Muzeul Dynamic Earth prezintã is t oria natur alã .
    7. 7. Î n interiorul muzeului sunt reproduse î n miniatur ã toate fenomenele naturii de la erup ţ ia vulcanilor, la era glaciar ã , p ã duri tropicale ş i galaxia.
    8. 8. Palatul Holyroodhouse din Edinburgh este re ş edin ţã regalã a monarhilor pânã în ziua de astãzi
    9. 9. Palatul Holy r oodhouse a fost reşedinţa reginei Maria Stuart
    10. 12. Holyroodhouse
    11. 15. Edinburgh a re 447.500 de locuitori.
    12. 17. Royal High School, Edinburghs
    13. 18. Pe colina Calton, monumentul comemorativ pentru Amiralul Lord Nelson ( mort în bãtãlia de la Trafalgar,1805)
    14. 21. Artera principalã este George Street, care este încadratã de celelalte douã strãzi importante – Princes Street (principala zonã comercialã din Edinburgh) şi Queen Street. 
    15. 22. Princes Street (principala zonã comercialã din Edinburgh)
    16. 23. Arthur Wellesley, Duce de Wellington (1769 – 1852)
    17. 24. Register House având în faţã s tatu ia Ducelui de Wellington ( Princes Street )
    18. 25. Hotelul Balmoral, la capãtul strãzii Princes
    19. 27. Monumentul lui Walter Scott
    20. 28. Hotelul Balmoral, Edinburgh şi Monumentul Walter Scott
    21. 30. Princes Street Tourist Information Centre
    22. 31. Edinburgh
    23. 36. Theatre Royal ***********
    24. 38. Universitatea şi National Gallery of Scotland
    25. 43. Clãdirea vechiului Parlament Scoţian
    26. 44. Clãdirea vechiului Parlament Scoţian
    27. 45. Clãdirea vechiului Parlament Scoţian
    28. 47. Turnul ceasului Hotelului Balmoral are 58 metri înãlţime
    29. 49. Monumentul lui Walter Scott
    30. 50. Gara şi Hotelul Balmoral
    31. 56. Monumentul lui Walter Scott
    32. 57. Glasgow cel mai mare oraş al Scoţiei
    33. 58. Glasgow Piaţa George şi Sir Walter Scott
    34. 59. Primaria Glasgow, Piaţa George
    35. 60. Clubul Celtic Glasgow a fost întemeiat în 1888 de preoţi catolici sosiţi din Irlanda
    36. 61. Echipa protestantã, Rangers, a fost înfiinţatã în 1873
    37. 63. David Livingstone şi-a obţinut licenţa în medicinã şi teologie la Universitatea din Glasgow
    38. 64. În anul 1990 Glasgow a fost desemnat Capitală Culturală Europeană
    39. 66. Galeria de Artă Modernă
    40. 68. Centrul oraşului este situat pe malul drept al râului Clyde
    41. 69. Pe râul Clyde a fost construit primul vas cu aburi din lume
    42. 73. Glasgow Kelvin grove Art Gallery & Museum
    43. 74. Glasgow Kelvin grove Art Gallery & Museum
    44. 75. Clădirea principalã a Universitãţii din Glasgow
    45. 76. F otograf ii : Ioana Minciu Prezentare: Sanda Foişoreanu Country gardens – Percy Grainger – National Phil h armonic Orchestra London She moved thru the fair - Celtic pipe