Bagan temples: Nagayon and Abeyadana


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The ancient city of Bagan is considered by many to be the most amazing site in all South-east Asia. Bagan lies on the east bank of the Ayeyarwaddy in the dry zone of central Myanmar and is the country's most important historical site. Across 40 stretching back from the Ayeyarwaddy River stand literally over 4000 stupas, temples and shrines dating back to the 10th century. The pagodas recall Bagan's former greatness. Bagan has also been the fountain head of the people's religion and it was here that Burmese art and architecture flourished in a golden age.

Published in: Travel, Spiritual, Technology
  • Thank you Karinchen
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  • Thank you so much Anthony, Pilar Aluxia, Saturnino, Pilar, Carmen and John; I am happy to hear that you liked. Thank you as always for the support, THANK YOU
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  • Super presentation,thank you Michaela.
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  • Excellent photos and very beautiful show Michaela. Thnks a lot for this tour with the best guide.
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  • Bellísimos templos pero les hace falta una restauración, por cierto ¿ al Templo de Abelladana ya lo están restaurando ? Es que he visto a la entrada del templo unas esculturas en piedra completamente nuevas y pensé que serían para el templo. Los frescos tan maravillosos se están borrando, me da mucha pena que un arte de siglos de antiguedad desaparezcan. Maravillosa presentación Michaella, muchas gracias, Pilar
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  • My Angel, Aye
  • Bagan temples: Nagayon and Abeyadana

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Sharing  a  common  border  with  India,  China,  Bangladesh, Laos, and Thailand, Myanmar is  about the size France and England together,  one  of  the  largest  countries  in  Southeast  Asia.  Its  length  is  about  2.000  km  from  the  Tenasseri Peninsula in the south to the north  of  Himalaya  mountain  ranges  which  border  Yunnan, Tibet and India Official name :  Republic of the Union of Myanmar Area                 :  676 600 km²  Population         :  61 millions  Capital              :  Nay Pyi Daw since 2005 Biggest city       :  Yangon (Almost 6 millions inhabitants) People and ethnic groups:  Out of the 135 different ethnic  groups,                  68% are Burmese, 9% Shan, 7% Karen Official language:  Burmese (Sino–tibetan) Religion:               Theravada Bouddhism (87%),          Christians (5%), Islam (4%)
    3. 3. The  Nagayon,  built  by  King  Kyansittha  (1084-1113)
    4. 4. Bagan  (or  Pagan)  is  an  ancient  city  that  was  the  capital  of  the  first  Burmese  empire. As the heart of Burma during ancient times, Bagan serves as home to  temples  and  buildings  built  from  the  11th  century  to  the  13th  century.  There  are  more  than  2,000  pagodas  and  temples  to  be  found,  most  of  which  were  built by the ancient kings and leaders of Burma.
    5. 5. The  kingdom  grew  out  of  a  small  9thcentury  settlement  at  Pagan  (Bagan)  by  the  Mranma  (Burmans),  who  had  recently  entered  the  Irrawaddy  valley  from  the  Kingdom  of  Nanzhao.  Over  the  next  two  hundred years, the  small  principality  gradually  grew  to  absorb  its  surrounding  regions  until  the  1050s  and  1060s  when  King  Anawrahta  founded  the  Pagan  Empire,  for  the  first  time  unifying  under  one  polity  the  Irrawaddy  valley  and its periphery.
    6. 6. The  Nagayon,  built  by  King  Kyansittha  (1084-1113),  foreshadows  his  crowning  achievement, the Ananda. There are the same sloping roofs, the same terraces,  the  same  corner  stupas,  the  same  spire  and  the  same  stupa  finial.  But  they  are  here used in a much more subdued manner than in the Ananda. Of Môn style, it  resembles the Indian temples of the area of Orissa.
    7. 7. Bagan  has  been  one  of  the  most  tourist  affected  areas  and  there  will  be  people  selling  paintings,  bronze  and  jewelry in almost every temple  you visit.
    8. 8. Yoke thé is the Burmese name for marionette puppetry. Nowadays, marionettes are very common in tourist attractions  and also amongst the populace, as they resume their role of relatively safer political satire and popular discontent.
    9. 9. One penetrates by the principal entry which is located at North in a rather dark hall. The déambulatoire even is enlightened for him only by 5 windows with stucturées openings and limiting itself to some rays of light.
    10. 10. The déambulatoire is equipped with many niches where were images of Buddhas - alas empty the majority today.
    11. 11. In fact of the niches for the 27 Buddhas which preceded the historical Buddha Gautama, the 28.
    12. 12. At the entry the vault of Nagayon shelters a great Buddha (2 times natural size) upright (the favorite position under Kyansitthar) protected by Naga, and surrounded by two smaller Buddhas
    13. 13. The large Buddha image in the inner shrine is protected by a hooded Naga.
    14. 14. The walls of the corridor have niches holding stone sculptures depicting the Buddhas previous to Gotama, as well as paintings showing scenes from the Jatakas and the Final Life of Gotama Buddha, with legends in Mon and Paii. According to tradition, the name of the temple-Nagayon, meaning '"Protected by the Naga Serpent'-derives from an incident in Kyansittha's life.
    15. 15. Once, when he was fleeing from the wrath of his predecessor, King Sawlu (10771084), he was watched over by a young naga while he slept. The place then became the site of the Nagavon. The naga, a serpent, sometimes human in form, is a part of the Buddhist tradition, a notable instance being the protection given to the Buddha by the Naga king Mucalinda during the seven days of a violent storm.
    16. 16. Myanmar tradition also abounds with such accounts as a Naga taking part in the foundation of Thayekhittaya, a Naga princess becoming the queen of Pyusawhti and a Naga image made and worshipped by King Sawrahan. An inscription also records that Kyansittha made an offering to the Naga in the building of his palace.
    17. 17. Just across the Nagayon Temple is the Abeyadana temple, built during A.D 11021103. The history of this temple says while Kyanzittha sheltered at Nagayon during his flight from Sawlu. his wife Abeyadana waited for him a short distance away. At that site he subsequently built this temple which is similar in plan to the Nagayon. The name of the temple was given after King Kyanzittha's first queen "Abeyadana” whom he married
    18. 18. The temple is located at the north of the royal palace of King Kyanzittha. It is a temple of classical architecture. bases square and large porch in north where there lies a central pillar and then a great sitting Buddha. Paintings are the true treasure of this temple and they are rich of teaching on the atmosphere of Bagan of the ancient time.
    19. 19. Abeyadana meaning the "abandoned jewel" was a follower of Mahayana Buddhism since the frescoes on the outer walls can be seen with images of the Hindus Gods like Indra, Shiva and Vishnu. The inner shrine contains a large brick-built seated Buddha but the fine frescoes are the main interest here.
    20. 20. Of the many Buddha niches lining the walls most are empty. Some contain bodhisattvas and Hindu showing a Mahayana influence accredited to the tastes of Kyanzittha's Bengali bride.
    21. 21. It is one of those monuments famous for their fine frescos. The striking feature of its frescos is that the pictures on the inner wall depict Mahayana, Theravada Buddhist and Brahmanic episodes. Devas and their vehicles were also presented in the pictures.
    22. 22. Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Sound: Burma Traditional Music