http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-2039403-myanmar4-bagan/
Sharing  a  common  border  with  India,  China, 
Bangladesh, Laos, and Thailand, Myanmar is 
about the size France and En...
Myanmar  

In the second half of the 16th century, the Toungoo 
Dynasty (1510–1752) reunified the country, and founded 
th...
Lawkananda 
pagoda, on a little 
hill,  overlooking 
the  Ayeyarwady 
river
Adenium 
obesum 
(Desert  Rose) 
Common 
names 
include  Sabi 
star, 
kudu, 
mock  azalea 
and impala lily

Adenium  obesu...
Adenium obesum 
(Desert Rose). 
Lawkananda pagoda
The Chinthe is a leogryph (lion-like creature) that is often seen at the 
entrances of pagodas and temples in Burma and ot...
Irrawaddy  River, Burmese  Ayeyarwady,   principal  river 
of Myanmar, running through the centre of the country. 
Its  name  is  believed 
to  derive  from  the 
Sanskrit 
term 
airāvatī, 
meaning 
“elephant river”
Myanmar’s most 
important 
commercial 
waterway, 
Ayeyarwady  is 
about 1,350 miles 
(2,170 km) long. 
"The shape of 
the stupa 
represents the 
Buddha, 
crowned and 
sitting in 
meditation 
posture on a lion 
throne. His 
cr...
On 24 May 2003, a bejeweled umbrella (hti) was
hoisted to the top of the pagoda.
Euphorbia milii (Crown-of-thorns or Christ Plant) are dotted around everywhere in glazed pots. This odd plant originates f...
Crown of Thorns Plant - Euphorbia milii
The "Seinnyet Sisters“; the Ama (Elder Sister) a temple and the
Nyima (Younger Sister) a pagoda. stand together in a brick...
Seinnyet
Nyima
Pagoda
was
traditionally assigned
to 11th century AD. It
is a stupa with three
terraces and bell
shaped dom...
The bell shaped dome
is ornamented with
moulded bands and
kirttimukha (ogre-head)
pendants. between four
pedimented
niches...
The Ama (Elder
Sister),
a
temple,
has
entrances on all
four sides but
the
eastern
entrance is the
main one. The
superstruc...
The triple pediments which
once framed the entrances
are now much damaged but
the stucco carvings which
remain decorative ...
Cassia leptophylla - Gold
Medallion Tree (Ngu War)
Small tree, fast growing,
easy to shape crown.
Beautiful
clusters
of
ye...
Cassia leptophylla - Gold Medallion Tree (Ngu War)
Many damaged pagodas
underwent restorations in
the 1990s by the military
government, which sought
to
make
Bagan
an
interna...
Critics are aghast that the
restorations paid little attention to
original architectural styles, and
used modern materials...
Bupaya Pagoda
Bupaya Pagoda is a notable
pagoda at a bend on the
right
bank
of
the
Ayeyarwady River.
The
small pagoda, which has a
bulbo...
The
original
pagoda
was
completely
destroyed
in
the
1975
earthquake. As
result of this
earthquake, the
bulbous
pagoda brok...
Text: Internet
Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu & Internet
Copyright: All the images belong to their authors

Presentation: Sand...
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya
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Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya

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The ancient city of Bagan is considered by many to be the most amazing site in all South-east Asia. Bagan lies on the east bank of the Ayeyarwaddy in the dry zone of central Myanmar and is the country's most important historical site. Across 40 sq.km stretching back from the Ayeyarwaddy River stand literally over 4000 stupas, temples and shrines dating back to the 10th century. The pagodas recall Bagan's former greatness. Bagan has also been the fountain head of the people's religion and it was here that Burmese art and architecture flourished in a golden age.

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  • @johndemi3
    Thank you Friend, I'm glad you found my work useful, THANK YOU
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  • I learn so much from your presentations,thank you Michaela.
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  • @1456789
    Gracias Pilar. Un abrazo
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  • Que preciosidad de país, Bagan está lleno de pagodas y estupas que son fantásticas. Me encantan su música y sus flores. Yo creo que ha heredado de India su religión y su cultura. Felicitaciones por esta magnífica presentación. Gracias, Pilar
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  • My Angel, Aye
  • Bagan pagodas: Lawkananda, Seinnyet, Bupaya

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-2039403-myanmar4-bagan/
    2. 2. Sharing  a  common  border  with  India,  China,  Bangladesh, Laos, and Thailand, Myanmar is  about the size France and England together,  one  of  the  largest  countries  in  Southeast  Asia.  Its  length  is  about  2.000  km  from  the  Tenasseri Peninsula in the south to the north  of  Himalaya  mountain  ranges  which  border  Yunnan, Tibet and India Official name :  Republic of the Union of Myanmar Area                 :  676 600 km²  Population         :  61 millions  Capital              :  Nay Pyi Daw since 2005 Biggest city       :  Yangon (Almost 6 millions inhabitants) People and ethnic groups:  Out of the 135 different ethnic  groups,                  68% are Burmese, 9% Shan, 7% Karen Official language:  Burmese (Sino–tibetan) Religion:               Theravada Bouddhism (87%),          Christians (5%), Islam (4%)
    3. 3. Myanmar   In the second half of the 16th century, the Toungoo  Dynasty (1510–1752) reunified the country, and founded  the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia for a 
    4. 4. Lawkananda  pagoda, on a little  hill,  overlooking  the  Ayeyarwady  river
    5. 5. Adenium  obesum  (Desert  Rose)  Common  names  include  Sabi  star,  kudu,  mock  azalea  and impala lily Adenium  obesum  is  a  species  of  flowering  plant  native  to  the  Sahel  regions,  south  of  the  Sahara  (from  Mauritania  and  Senegal  to  Sudan),  and tropical and subtropical eastern and southern Africa and Arabia. 
    6. 6. Adenium obesum  (Desert Rose). 
    7. 7. Lawkananda pagoda
    8. 8. The Chinthe is a leogryph (lion-like creature) that is often seen at the  entrances of pagodas and temples in Burma and other Southeast Asian  countries. Lawkananda  Pagoda  (also  spelt  Lokananda,  literally  "joy  of  the  world")  is  a  Buddhist zedi (stupa) erected on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River, and built  during the reign of King Anawrahta, in 1059. It contains a replica of a Buddha  tooth relic. The tooth relic enshrined in it was brought from Sri Lanka. 
    9. 9. Irrawaddy  River, Burmese  Ayeyarwady,   principal  river  of Myanmar, running through the centre of the country. 
    10. 10. Its  name  is  believed  to  derive  from  the  Sanskrit  term  airāvatī,  meaning  “elephant river”
    11. 11. Myanmar’s most  important  commercial  waterway,  Ayeyarwady  is  about 1,350 miles  (2,170 km) long. 
    12. 12. "The shape of  the stupa  represents the  Buddha,  crowned and  sitting in  meditation  posture on a lion  throne. His  crown is the top  of the spire; his  head is the  square at the  spire's base; his  body is the vase  shape; his legs  are the four  steps of the  lower terrace;  and the base is  his throne.”
    13. 13. On 24 May 2003, a bejeweled umbrella (hti) was hoisted to the top of the pagoda.
    14. 14. Euphorbia milii (Crown-of-thorns or Christ Plant) are dotted around everywhere in glazed pots. This odd plant originates from Madagascar and is believed to have found its way to the Middle East before the birth of Christ.
    15. 15. Crown of Thorns Plant - Euphorbia milii
    16. 16. The "Seinnyet Sisters“; the Ama (Elder Sister) a temple and the Nyima (Younger Sister) a pagoda. stand together in a brick enclosure. The temple has entrances on all four sides but the eastern entrance is the main one.
    17. 17. Seinnyet Nyima Pagoda was traditionally assigned to 11th century AD. It is a stupa with three terraces and bell shaped dome topped by a beautiful stylized umbrella
    18. 18. The bell shaped dome is ornamented with moulded bands and kirttimukha (ogre-head) pendants. between four pedimented niches facing the cardinal points.
    19. 19. The Ama (Elder Sister), a temple, has entrances on all four sides but the eastern entrance is the main one. The superstructure consists of four steep receding terraces. Above these terraces rises a curvilinear spire.
    20. 20. The triple pediments which once framed the entrances are now much damaged but the stucco carvings which remain decorative scrolls, ogre-heads disgorging flowers, bird and animal figures some of which are mythical hint at the richness of the original ornamentation. This stupa and shrine standing side by side are traditionally ascribed to Queen Seinnyet in the 11th century, although the architecture clearly points to a period two centuries later.
    21. 21. Cassia leptophylla - Gold Medallion Tree (Ngu War) Small tree, fast growing, easy to shape crown. Beautiful clusters of yellow flowers from spring through summer and sporadically in fall and winter. Very popular in Southern landscapes.
    22. 22. Cassia leptophylla - Gold Medallion Tree (Ngu War)
    23. 23. Many damaged pagodas underwent restorations in the 1990s by the military government, which sought to make Bagan an international tourist destination. However, the restoration efforts instead drew widespread condemnation from art historians and preservationists worldwide.
    24. 24. Critics are aghast that the restorations paid little attention to original architectural styles, and used modern materials, and that the government has also established a golf course, a paved highway, and built a 61-meter (200-foot) watchtower. Although the government believed that the ancient capital's hundreds of (unrestored) temples and large corpus of stone inscriptions were more than sufficient to win the designation of UNESCO World Heritage Site, the city has not been so designated, allegedly mainly on account of the restorations. An application for World Heritage status was rejected in the mid1990s because of a highway laid across the zone to welcome the visiting Indonesian president,
    25. 25. Bupaya Pagoda
    26. 26. Bupaya Pagoda is a notable pagoda at a bend on the right bank of the Ayeyarwady River. The small pagoda, which has a bulbous shaped dome, is widely believed to have been built by the third King of Pagan, Pyusawhti who ruled from 168 to 243 AD. It is one of the most notable shrines among the thousands of new or ruined Pagodas in Pagan.
    27. 27. The original pagoda was completely destroyed in the 1975 earthquake. As result of this earthquake, the bulbous pagoda broke into pieces and fell into the river. It was, however, fully reconstructed using modern materials, with lesser adherence to the original design. Subsequently it was built as a gilded superstructure.
    28. 28. Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Burma Traditional Music

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