Lisboa18, Pombal & Eduardo VII


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The Marquess of Pombal Square (Praça do Marquês de Pombal) is an important roundabout located between the Avenida da Liberdade (Liberty Avenue) and the Eduardo VII Park (Parque Eduardo VII), the largest park in the center of Lisbon

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  • Preciosa plaza y precioso parque, me encanta que uno de los jardines se llame Amalia Rodrigues. Portugal, supongo que antes de la crisis, dio una vuelta a toda Lisboa y la dejó maravillosa. Muchísimas gracias querida Michaela, es un placer para mí ver que lo que yo conocía ahora es mucho más bonito. Pilar
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Lisboa18, Pombal & Eduardo VII

  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Marquess of Pombal Square (Praça do Marquês de Pombal) is an important roundabout located between the Avenida da Liberdade (Liberty Avenue) and the Eduardo VII Park.
  3. 3. Its name is a reference to Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquess of Pombal, 1st Count of Oeiras, the mighty primeminister who ruled Portugal from 1750 to 1777. In the middle of the roundabout there is a large column dedicated to him, built between 1917 and 1934 and created by Adães Bermudes, António Couto and Francisco Santos. A bronze statue of the Marquess is on the top, with a lion - symbol of power by his side. The Marquis is shown looking towards the Baixa Pombalina, the area of Lisbon that was rebuilt under his direction after the disastrous 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.
  4. 4. He was Secretary of the State of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves (the equivalent to a today's Prime Minister) in the government of Joseph I of Portugal from 1750 to 1777. Undoubtedly the most prominent minister in the government, he is considered today to have been the de facto head of government. Pombal is notable for his swift and competent leadership in the aftermath of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. He implemented sweeping economic policies in Portugal to regulate commercial activity and standardize quality throughout the country. Pombal was instrumental in weakening the grip of the Inquisition. The term Pombaline is used to describe not only his tenure, but also the architectural style which formed after the great earthquake
  5. 5. At the top of the 36 meter high pedestal stands the 9 meter bronze statue of the Marquês de Pombal while the base is full of symbolism from both the 1755 earthquake and the turn of the last century. The major carvings are elephants which signify power and leadership while the rough stones and jagged rocks remembers the shattered ground after the 1755 earthquake.
  6. 6. The monument of the Marques de Pombal was designed by Francisco Santos, Adães Bermudes and António Couto.
  7. 7. State prison, Lisbon The Parque Eduardo VII (Edward VII Park) is the largest park in the center of Lisbon. In the northwest corner of the park is the Estufa Fria, a greenhouse garden. The park was created in the late 19th century as an extension of the Avenida da Liberdade. It was originally known as the Parque da Liberdade but renamed in 1903 in honor of king Edward VII, who had visited the city the previous year to strengthen the historical ties between Portugal
  8. 8. State prison, Lisbon
  9. 9. State prison, Lisbon Alcohol. It's cheap but could be a problem. The Portuguese Penal Code says that if you drive with a alcohol level over 0.5 gr/Lt (the lowest limit in Europe) you are over the limit of the law. And in Portugal it's a crime. It's more serious than just to pay a fee.
  10. 10. State prison, Lisbon A driver's blood alcohol level is not allowed to exceed 0.05 percent and the penalties are extremely stiff and high amounts may include time in prison of up to 2 years and a fine of € 2,500.00. Exceeding the limit by 0.5% to 0.8 % is a fine of € 700.00. From 0.8% to 1.2% is € 2,000.00
  11. 11. The 26 hectare (64 acres) large park is situated on a slope just north of the Praça Marquês de Pombal. It is divided into three sections, with a central grass area with a geometric pattern of hedges and two landscaped gardens on either side. The northeast section has a small but colorful garden embellished with a number of statues
  12. 12. Fernando Botero, Maternidade, 1999
  13. 13. Fernando Botero, Maternidade, 1999
  14. 14. Pavilhão Carlos Lopes The Carlos Lopes Pavilion was originally created for the 19221923 exposition in Rio de Janeiro, held in celebration of the centenary of the Independence of Brazil. After the exposition, the pavilion was reconstructed in the Parque Eduardo VII. It opened in 1932, just in time for the Portuguese Industrial Exhibition. After the exhibition the pavilion was used as a meeting venue, convert hall and even a sports hall. Originally known as the Exhibitions Palace, the pavilion was renamed in 1984 in honor of Carlos Lopes, winner of Portugal's first ever gold medal.
  15. 15. Pavilhão Carlos Lopes The white and ochre painted pavilion was designed by the Portuguese architects Guilherme and Carlos Rebello de Andrade and Alfredo Assunção Santos.
  16. 16. Sculptor Raul Xavier created the sculptures that flank the main entrance.
  17. 17. Pavilhão Carlos Lopes was beautifully decorated with large ceramic panels created by the azulejo artist Jorge Colaço.
  18. 18. Pavilhão Carlos Lopes In 2003 the pavilion had become dilapidated and the city decided to close the building. Plans to convert the building into a sports museum fell through due to financial problems.
  19. 19. ida en Av da de da er Lib Pavilhão Carlos Lopes Praça do Marquês de Pombal) The Eduardo VII Park
  20. 20. Text: Internet Pictures: Internet Sanda Foişoreanu Copyrights of the photos belong to each photographer Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Sound: Cristina Branco - Invitation au Voyage; Sete Pedaços de Vento