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Caltagirone La Scala di Santa Maria del Monte 1


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The main landmark of the city is the 142-step monumental Staircase of Santa Maria del Monte, built from 1608 in the old part of the town. The peculiarity is that each step is decorated with different hand-decorated ceramics, using styles and figures derived from the millennial tradition of pottery making.
On 25 July, Caltagirone celebrates St. Giacomo's day, the Patron Saint. On the Eve of 24 and 25 July the stairs are illuminated with thousand of colored oil lanterns to create a magnificent, original design. On 23 July there is a spectacular firework display from the public gardens, that can be seen from the whole city.
The month of May is dedicated to the Madonna and the stairs become a fabulous display of colourful plants. During the Easter period, on Good Friday, you can watch the procession of Jesus Christ. On Easter Sunday there is the miracolous procession in the main square where the giant statue of St. Peter reunites the Madonna with her resurrected son Jesus, a very touching

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Caltagirone La Scala di Santa Maria del Monte 1

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  2. 2. Caltagirone Caltagirone ( Caltagiruni in Sicilian dialect) is nicknamed the Queen of Mount Erei. Located in the centre of the eastern part of the Province of Catania, its fame derives from the production, both ancient and modern, of the most refined, hand-painted Sicilian ceramics. The main landmark of the city is the 142-step monumental Staircase of Santa Maria del Monte, built from 1608 in the old part of the town. Caltagirone ( Caltagiruni în dialect Sicilian ) este supranumitã Regina Munţilor Erei. Situatã în provincia Catania faima sa se datoreazã celei mai rafinate producţii de ceramicã smãlţuitã şi pictatã din Sicilia, tradiţie milenarã. Cel mai faimos monument al or aşului este scara monumentalã Santa Maria del Monte, cu 142 de trepte, construitã în anul 1608 în partea veche a oraşului
  3. 4. Scala di Santa Maria del Monte - This long flight of steps connects the old (at the top) city, the seat of the religious authority, and the new one, where most public offices are located. On either side of this axis lie the two old quarters of San Giorgio and San Giacomo, characterized by narrow streets and concealing fine, mostly religious, buildings. Scara cu 142 de trepte (Santa Maria del Monte) face legãtura între oraşul vechi (situat în partea de sus), sediu al autoritãţii religioase, şi oraşul nou unde au fost construite majoritatea clãdirilor administrative. Pe cele douã pãrţi ale axei formate de scara monumentalã se aflã cartierele San Giacomo şi San Giorgio cu strãzile lor înguste mãrginite de clãdiri frumoase, majoritatea edificii bisericeşti
  4. 8. La Scala di Santa Maria del Monte has been through a couple of renovations in its four hundred year history, the most recent in the 1950s, when each of the 142 treads of the 130 long staircase was adorned with polychrome mosaics representative of the centuries of Sicilian majolica. Scara Santa Maria del Monte a fost renovatã de mai multe ori în cei patru sute de ani de existenţã, cea mai recentã renovare având loc în anul 1950 când fiecare dintre cele 142 de trepte ale sale a fost împodobitã cu ceramicã policromã reprezentativã pentru tradiţia milenarã a oraşului Caltagirone
  5. 11. Each century of recent history has been given 10 steps of alternating geometric, figurative and floral designs, starting at the bottom with traditional Arab designs and colours.  That’s right, for “recent” history, the people of Caltagirone count back twelve or thirteen centuries. The stairs have long been a focal point of the community, with the celebration of the town’s patron saint, San Giacomo (St. James) on July 24th and 25th. Fiecãrui secol din istoria recentã i-au fost atribuite 10 trepte pentru a fi decorate cu motive alternative geometrice, figurative şi florale, pornind de la bazã cu desene şi culori arabe tradiţionale. Este adevãrat cã pentru istoria „recentã” Caltagirone numãrã în urmã 12 sau 13 secole!!! Scara Santa Maria del Monte a fost totdeauna un loc important al comunitãţii, mai ales cu ocazia sãrbãtoririi patronului spiritual al oraşului, Apostolul Iacob
  6. 13. Caltagirone Once a year, on and around the day of the city's patron saint, (St. James, 25 July), the staircase is illuminated with candles of different colors arranged in order to reconstruct an artistic drawing of several tens of meters. The stairs are lit with terra cotta oil lamps set inside sand filled colored paper bags – the colors of the bags create a design during the day. At night, the lamps are lit almost simultaneously by hundreds of locals.  The feast of the senses is completed with the aroma of the hundreds of liters of the best olive oil of the region burning into the night. În fiecare an la 25 iulie (Sf.Iacob cel Mare, patronul oraşului) scara este decoratã (iluminatã) cu candele colorate care formeazã modele pe câţiva zeci de metri. Noaptea lãmpile sunt aprinse aproape simultan de sute de locuitori. Sãrbãtoarea este completatã de aroma sutelor de litri din cel mai bun ulei de masline, care arde toatã noaptea
  7. 14. Each year a contest is held - the winner's design is re-created for the St James Festival (he's the patron saint for Caltagirone) held the 24-25th of July. În fiecare an se organizeazã un concurs iar modelul câştigãtor este utilizat pentru decorarea Scãrii Santa Maria del Monte la Festivalul Sfântului Iacob cel Mare (patronul oraşului), care are loc în zilele de 24-25 iulie.
  8. 25. I n the square of Santa Maria del Monte, atop the decorated staircase a p olychrome maiolica mosaic represent The Taking of the Bell of Altavilla to Caltagirone, În piaţa Santa Maria del Monte , în partea de sus a scãrii decorate, existã un enorm panou de ceramicã policromã reprezentând aducerea clopotului de la Altavilla la Caltagirone.
  9. 29. Sound : Musica siciliana Text: Internet Pictures : Internet: slides 3,13-16,26-28 Sanda Foişoreanu Otilia Contraş Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu