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Italia Sorrento7 Museum of Italian pride


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An exhibition of Leonardo Da Vinci's inventions and art at the Convent of San Francesco in the heart of Sorrento, a wonderful opportunity to view and touch replicas of machines invented by Leonardo Da Vinci. These include several fully functional machines such as the predecessor of the parachute, a bicycle, a hydraulic saw and many other inventions.
Reproductions of Leonardo’s masterpieces and codes are also on show together with multimedia videos and film footage about his life. The Convent of the Church of San Francesco d’Assisi in Sorrento hosts the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci – l’Orgoglio Italiano until 5 November 2018.

Published in: Travel

Italia Sorrento7 Museum of Italian pride

  1. 1. Piazza Tasso Corso Italia Convento di San Francesco Stazione Duomo
  2. 2. The interactive exhibition Leonardo da Vinci – l’Orgoglio Italiano 
  3. 3. The Convent of the Church of San Francesco d’Assisi in Sorrento hosts the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci – l’Orgoglio Italiano until 5 November 2018. A travelling art project, unique in its kind, which has visited Rome, Milan, Florence, Matera, Salerno, Sydney, Abu Dhabi and Wenzhou in China. Based on the original designs of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), the works on display are faithful reproductions created by artisan Mario Paolucci, functional and full-sized. Visitors are encouraged to try, in first person, some of the machines on display and explore approximately 70 works through multimedia installations and films from the repertoire of National Geographic
  4. 4. During his lifetime, Leonardo was a scientist, painter, inventor, architect, musician, sculptor and set designer. The exhibition offers an opportunity to explore the multifaceted Master from Florence, as well as visit the convent in Piazza Gargiulo in one of Sorrento’s oldest and most beautiful churches, which, thanks to remarkable renovations, is now on its way to becoming a point of reference for culture on the Sorrentine Peninsula. It is important to note, as well, that in 2019, there will be official celebrations throughout Europe to mark the 500th Anniversary of the artist’s death
  5. 5. The Vitruvian Man (Italian: Le proporzioni del corpo umano secondo Vitruvio), which is trans-lated to "The proportions of the human body according to Vitruvius"), is a drawing by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490
  6. 6. Leonardo studied the proportions of the human body and its commensurability with perfect geometric shapes (circle and square). These are scientific and artistic analysis (correctly representing the human figure and designing architectures based on the proportions of the human body). The drawing shows the series of proportional relationships of the human body, and also the relationship of the human body with the circle and the square, according to the solution handed down by the roman architect Vitruvius, which Leonardo proposes again
  7. 7. With this machine Leonardo proposed to experiment with range of the thrust of the wing. Operating as a lever, the device transmits the force exerted by the man represented in the drawing
  8. 8. Water Skis, Leonardo da Vinci Modo di Camminare Sull'Acqua Codex Atlanticus F.26.r. It is well known that Leonardo was not the first man who tried to walk on water. He was fascinated by the element and studied many mechanisms to help men dominate water. In this drawing he gind enormous skis which supposedly enabled one to walk on the water
  9. 9. All the machines are functional and can be touched and tested, "to allow an intense sensory perceptive experience through which to activate emotional and cognitive mechanisms."
  10. 10. Octagonal mirror room, a 'invention' by Leonardo da Vinci
  11. 11. Among the most common motion transmission systems in the mechanics of Leonardo there is the combination of the toothed wheel lantern spool, nor without the warning, in some notes, or the possibility of breakages caused by excessive weights or adverse movements
  12. 12. Paddle Boat The boat is propelled by using two pedals, which are linked by a belt to a reciprocating-motion device. A mechanism transforms the reciprocating motion into continuous rotary motion in order to turn the paddles
  13. 13. Leonardo invented the ball bearing between the years 1498-1500. He designed it to lower the friction between two plates that would be in contact in his other famous design for the Helicopter. His helicopter would never have flown as humans to do not have anywhere near the power to weight ratio necessary to lift themselves against the force of gravity – this is the reason why birds have such large breasts;), their power to weight ratio far exceeds that of humans. Although the helicopter design went down like a lead balloon, the ball bearing can be found in any machine that has rotary motion
  14. 14. Vertical ball bearing This bearing is used to reduce the friction of a vertical force such as that of a drive shaft and can therefore be applied to a wide range of mechanical devices
  15. 15. Leonardo’s invention the cam hammer is another example of thinking centuries ahead of his time. This machine would be used extensively several hundreds of years after his death during the industrial revolution. They would be powered by Steam engine and could hammer at up to twenty times per second. They were used to draw out the sheet metal for ships and armored machines for war such as the tanks in world war I
  16. 16. Removable cannon
  17. 17. Dredge
  18. 18. The giant crossbow
  19. 19. One thing Leonardo may have understood better than any of his contemporaries was the psychological effects of weapons in warfare – as illustrated by his giant crossbow invention. He understood better than most the psychological effects that weapons of war could have on the enemy.  Instilling fear was the main object in this invention.  The giant crossbow was designed for pure intimidation.  It measures 27 yards across and has six wheels to make it mobile.  The actual bow would be made of a very thin wood as to achieve maximum flexibility.  This giant crossbow did not only fling arrows, again instilling fear was the point, it would fling large stones. 
  20. 20. Revolving bridge Designed for Duke Sforza, Leonardo da Vinci’s revolving bridge could be quickly packed up and transported for use by armies on the move to pass over bodies of water
  21. 21. The precursor to the modern tank, Leonardo da Vinci's armored car invention was capable of moving in any direction and was equipped with a large number of weapons. The motion of the car had to generated by at least six men inside the car
  22. 22. Catapult-Kit The apparatus for winding a yarn on the spool
  23. 23. Machine Gun
  24. 24. Reproductions of Leonardo’s masterpieces and codes are also on show together with multimedia videos and film footage about his life. Renaissance Man Leonardo has been called a genius and the archetypal Renaissance man; his talents extended far beyond his artistic works. Like many leaders of Renaissance humanism, he did not see a divide between science and art. His observations and inventions were recorded in 13,000 pages of notes and drawings, including designs for flying machines (some 400 years before the Wright brothers’ first success), plant studies, war machinery, anatomy and architecture
  25. 25. The jewel of the exhibition is, without a doubt, the Mattonella di Leonardo (the “Tile of Leonardo”) on display for the first time in Sorrento. Naturally, it is a reproduction, but it is highly significant because it is the first signed work by the Master of the Renaissance, created in 1471 at the age of 19. The original tile, 7.9 x 7.9  x 0.5", depicts the face of Archangel Gabriel and was realised with the technique of “eternal paint” (a painting technique defined by Leonardo himself in his own treatise) on which the signature is hidden on the jawbone of the work. The only other known signature was that of the contract signed by Leonardo for the creation of the Vergine delle Rocce in 1483 A small square tile with the profile image of a beautiful angel has been claimed not only as the earliest surviving work by Leonardo da Vinci, but as his own self-portrait as the Archangel Gabriel
  26. 26. If genuine the tile has survived miraculously unbroken for more than 500 years, since the 18-year-old artist made it in 1471. There are secret inscriptions including a sequence of numbers, and Leonardo’s signature back to front – his later notebooks are full of his mirror-writing – together making up a coded message translated as: “I, Leonardo da Vinci, born in 1452, represented myself as the Archangel Gabriel in 1471.”
  27. 27. MadonnaLitta-TheState HermitageMuseum StPetersburg Head of Woman La Scapigliata - Galleria Nazionale di Parma
  28. 28. The Lady with an Ermine - Czartoryski Museum, Cracow
  29. 29. The Lady with an Ermine - fragment
  30. 30. San Giovanni Battista  St Jerome in the Wilderness 103x75cm (c. 1480) Musées du Vatican
  31. 31. VirginoftheRocks(NationalGalleryLondon) VirginoftheRocks(Louvre)
  32. 32. The painting, sold 2017, become the most expensive painting ever sold. At the auction, the painting was purchased by an unidentified buyer bidding via telephone after a protracted contest of nearly 20 minutes at the auction house. The painting, only recently rediscovered, was the last da Vinci left in private hands
  33. 33. Sound: Surriento D' 'e Nnammurate - Mario da Vinci; Torna a Surriento - Carlo Bergonzi; The Three Tenors (Seoul 2001) Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Internet Gabriela Cristescu All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu 2018