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Italia Salerno3 Il Duomo

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https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/italia-salerno2-il-chiostro-della-cattedrale/michaelasanda/italia-salerno2-il-chiostro-della-cattedrale
https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/italia-salerno1-in-giro-per-la-citta/michaelasanda/italia-salerno1-in-giro-per-la-citta
https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/italia-paestum1-archaeological-site
https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/italia-paestum2-museum-storeroom/michaelasanda/italia-paestum2-museum-storeroom
https://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/italia-paestum3-archaeological-museum/michaelasanda/italia-paestum3-archaeological-museum
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Salerno is a city in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name. Salerno is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Today Salerno is an important cultural centre in Campania and Italy.
The St. Matthew Cathedral founded by Roberto the Guiscard and consecrated by Pope Gregory VII, was officially opened in March 1084. The present structure dates back to the earthquake of 5th June 1688, when it was completely rebuilt. The main entrance has been altered and the courtyard is surrounded by a covered walkway supported by twenty eight plain columns with arches and a series of Roman tombs around the walls. On the southern side of the cathedral stands the bell tower which dates back to XII century.

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  • Thank you Carmen, thank you
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  • @Oresta Cojocaru Leii sunt semnul puterii și ei lasă doar pe cei cu intenții curate să intre. În general leul este un simbol apotropaic (care protejează împotriva răului) așa că n-ai a te teme! Încă de la templele din Babilon sau la cele hitite aveau aceeași semnificație și apoi e o teorie întreagă cu natura lui Iisus și reprezentarea leului și mai e și semnul evanghelistului Marcu...
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  • Regasesti aici secole de dezastre si renasteri, de provocari si biruinte ! Nici n-as indrazni sa intru. Cum as putea trece de leii care stiu gustul carnii de om ? Nici pe voi nu v-am zarit in interior.
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  • @johndemi Thank you John, thank you
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  • Mulțumesc Virginia pentru participarea afectivă la această călătorie
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Italia Salerno3 Il Duomo

  1. 1. Salerno is a city in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name Salerno is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea Today Salerno is an important cultural centre in Campania and Italy
  2. 2. The St. Matthew Cathedral founded by Roberto the Guiscard and consecrated by Pope Gregory VII, was officially opened in March 1084. The present structure dates back to the earthquake of 5th June 1688, when it was completely rebuilt Cathedral Chiostro
  3. 3. The Cathedral is dedicated to San Matteo (St Matthew), whose remains were reputedly brought to the city in 954 and now lie beneath the main altar in the vaulted crypt. In the centre nave are the celebrated amboni (pulpits) decorated with sculptures and mosaics dating back to the last decade of the XII century
  4. 4. The huge bronze doors guarded by lions were cast in Constantinople in the 11th century. Transported from Constantinople in 1099, the doors have 54 panels with figures, crosses and stories from Jesus' life
  5. 5. One of the local legends tells about a pirate invasion in the city, and when the pirates wanted to raid the Cathedral, the statues of the lions near the gate just came to life and ate the poor raiders!
  6. 6. A mosaic of the Saint Mathew– created using small tiles that give an almost painted effect – is depicted on the inner wall, above the cathedral door
  7. 7. Inside the decoration is fairly muted in white plaster; however some sections have been expo-sed to reveal the richer decoration underneath which would have existed prior to the 18th Century “makeover”
  8. 8. The east end of the church is the most splendid and features a grand central apse flanked by two smaller apses
  9. 9. The altar of St. Michael the Archangel and the wax effigy of the remains of Pope Gregory VII who died in exile in Salerno in 1085 (his remains are buried below the altar) In the right-hand apse, the Cappella delle Crociate (Chapel of the Crusades), contain stun-ning frescoes and more wonderful mosaics. It was so named because crusaders’ weapons were blessed here. Under the altar stands the tomb of 11th-century pope Gregory VII.
  10. 10. The wax effigy of the remains of Pope Gregory VII
  11. 11. The altar of St. Michael the Archangel
  12. 12. The altar of St. Michael the Archangel
  13. 13. The main altar
  14. 14. 12th century mosaics in vivid hues of blue, red and gold
  15. 15. Inlaid stone of the casmatesque floor
  16. 16. The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in decorative geometric mosaic, mostly for church floors. Their name is commemorated in the genre of Cosmatesque work, often just called "Cosmati", a technique of opus sectile ("cut work") formed of elaborate inlays of small triangles and rectangles of colored stones and glass mosaics set into stone matrices or encrusted upon stone surfaces.  Initial inspiration for the technique was Byzantine, transmitted through Ravenna and Sicily, but some of the minutely-figured tiling patterns are Islamic in origin, transmitted through Sicily
  17. 17. Inlaid stone of the casmatesque floor
  18. 18. Cosmati work, type of mosaic technique that was practiced by Roman decorators and architects in the 12th and 13th centuries, in which tiny triangles and squares of coloured stone (red porphyry, green serpentine, and white and other coloured marbles) and glass paste were arranged in patterns and combined with large, stone disks and strips to produce geometric designs 
  19. 19. Roman sarcophagus
  20. 20. Roman sarcophagus with triumph of Bacchus (Ruggero Borsa tomb)
  21. 21. Baptismal Font
  22. 22. Baptismal Font
  23. 23. At the front of the central nave there are two 12th century ambones with intricate style mosaic work. In the Middle Ages these elevated platforms were used for the liturgy during important celebrations
  24. 24. Lionsfromthelate12cpulpit©DEmiliopics 
  25. 25. The Duomo is a symbol of the Italian Renaissance because inside is the tomb of Pope Gregory VII who rejected German domi-nation of the Holy Roman Empire. The Duomo was damaged in World War II when, as part of the Operation Avalanche, the Allies landed in Salerno in September 1943
  26. 26. The mosaics, work of famous Cosmati school masters, are an extra-ordinary testimony to Italian inlay work, due to their large dimensions and artistic quality. The master builders who worked on the cathedral managed to create real “stone rugs” with their sophisticated mosaic techniques.
  27. 27. The decorations, that are full of mystic symbols, are based on the continuing changes to the circumference pattern, around which complex geometric decorations are wound, involving squares, triangles, rectangles, diamonds, hexagons and octagons, all embellished with multi-coloured marble and tiles that make the design of each panel unique
  28. 28. Sound: Giovanni Battista Pergolesi - Stabat Mater (L'Arpeggiata) Valer Săbăduș & Philippe Jaroussky Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018

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