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Italia Salerno2 Il Chiostro della Cattedrale

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Salerno is a city in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name. Salerno is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Today Salerno is an important cultural centre in Campania and Italy.
The St. Matthew Cathedral founded by Roberto the Guiscard and consecrated by Pope Gregory VII, was officially opened in March 1084. The present structure dates back to the earthquake of 5th June 1688, when it was completely rebuilt. The main entrance has been altered and the courtyard is surrounded by a covered walkway supported by twenty eight plain columns with arches and a series of Roman tombs around the walls. On the southern side of the cathedral stands the bell tower which dates back to XII century.

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Italia Salerno2 Il Chiostro della Cattedrale

  1. 1. Salerno is a city in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name Salerno is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea Today Salerno is an important cultural centre in Campania and Italy
  2. 2. The St. Matthew Cathedral founded by Roberto the Guiscard and consecrated by Pope Gregory VII, was officially opened in March 1084. The present structure dates back to the earthquake of 5th June 1688, when it was completely rebuilt Cathedral Archbishop's palace  Chiostro
  3. 3. The Cathedral is dedicated to San Matteo (St Matthew), whose remains were reputedly brought to the city in 954 and now lie beneath the main altar in the vaulted crypt. The main entrance has been altered and the courtyard is surrounded by a covered walkway supported by twenty eight plain columns with arches and a series of Roman tombs around the walls. On the southern side of the cathedral stands the bell tower which dates back to XII century Cathedral Archbishop's palace  Chiostro
  4. 4. The main facade and the parvis of the Cathedral, Piazza Alfano I
  5. 5. The steps up to the courtyard lead to a door where there are two marble lions guarding the entrance © Vincenzo Avagliano
  6. 6. Porta dei Leoni
  7. 7. Porta dei Leoni
  8. 8. Porta dei Leoni (detail)
  9. 9. Porta dei Leoni (detail)
  10. 10. Porta dei Leoni leads to an atrium surrounded on 4 sides with a portico
  11. 11. Proof that the city of Salerno was once a much bigger deal than it is today: The cathedral crypt, lavishly redecorated with precious marbles in the 17th century (and restructured in the 1960s), houses the bones of St. Matthew the Evangelist
  12. 12. The cathedral of Salerno houses ancient Greek columns, Roman sarcophagi, medieval pulpits, and the body of St. Matthew the Evangelist Although World War II bombs devastated most of medieval Salerno, the Duomo's lovely 11th-century atrium courtyard was spared. It contains 28 antique columns pilfered from the ancient Greek ruins of Paestum. Behind them are Roman sarcophagi recycled in the Middle Ages as the tombs for local grandees
  13. 13. Sarcophagus with a portrait of the deceased in a clipeus and flying erots — Second half of the 2nd cent. AD.
  14. 14. Meleager slaying the Calydonian Boar. Roman marble sarcophagus daring from the 3rd century AD
  15. 15. Dionysus sarcophagus with Centauri-clipeophori 220—270 CE
  16. 16. Base of a column with dionysiac scenes (193–235)
  17. 17. Base of a column with dionysiac scenes (Vintage scene, vindemialia) and Scene of the meeting of gods
  18. 18. Base of a column with dionysiac scenes (right side)
  19. 19. On the southern side of the cathedral stands the bell tower which dates back to XII century
  20. 20. In his fourth book of Laudi, D’Annunzio wrote: “The people of Salerno hold their moonlit gulf, the Roman arches and the bronze and silver door of Guisa di Landolfo in their hearts”. His words are inscribed on the marble plaque beside the Duomo’s great bronze door: a timeless celebration that captures the visitors’ attention and serves as an introduction to this magnificent journey into history and faith
  21. 21. Detail of a the decoration of the architecture of the medieval cloister of the San Matteo cathedral. This is an example of arab-norman building from the 12th century
  22. 22. In Italy, the Nativity scene doesn't just consist of Baby Jesus, Mary, Joseph and the Three Wise Men. A whole village is created around the manger itself. Here every family has a presepe, and starting December 8, Italian families set up their presepi inside their homes, taking great pride in creating very elaborate scenes with lighting, backdrops, running water and multiple figures. However, Baby Jesus is never placed in the crib until Christmas Eve, and the presepe usually stays up for a month until after the feast of the Epiphany Sala S. Lazzaro inside the Cathedral
  23. 23. It was actually St. Francis of Assisi who is credited with popularizing the presepe, using live animals and real people for his Nativity scenes. In the 13th century in a cave in the small town of Greccio, St. Francis built a manger scene and celebrated Mass. Since then the tradition spread throughout all of Italy, but the Neapolitans believe that they do it best. Originally, the presepe was solely an ecclesiastical tradition, until the beginning of the 18th century when some die-hard “fans” turned it into an equally secular one.
  24. 24. In the Sala San Lazzaro an unusual presepe (extensive crib scene) painted by local artist, Mario Carotenuto
  25. 25. Self-portrait Mario Carotenuto (1922-2017) The painted nativity scene of Mario Carotenuto is a city heritage preserved in the Sala S. Lazzaro inside the Cathedral of Salerno, inaugurated in 1982, in an almost post-apocalyptic scenario. In a historic center devastated by the power of the earthquake of 1980, with no nightlife or illuminations of Salerno, wooden shapes are erected to represent a cornerstone from which to start: the story of the birth of Jesus. Initially, the painted nativity scene contained only the Nativity scene, but over time it has been enriched with important figures and personalities, up to nowadays, more than 80 characters, more than 30 years after its creation
  26. 26. At the end of the room is the holy family, but the whole town has joined them.  Scenes from everyday life, life-size painted wooden figures set into various tableaux fill the walls, including modern personalities from local and national life
  27. 27. Alfonso Gatto (1909-1975) a major exponent of hermetic poetry
  28. 28. Sound: Angelo Branduardi - Il Cantico delle Creature ; Francesco Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018

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