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Italia Reggia di Caserta7 Visiting the Palace5


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The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It is one of the largest palaces erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site;
The construction of the palace was begun in 1752 for Charles VII of Naples, who worked closely with his architect, Luigi Vanvitelli. The political and social model for Vanvitelli's palace was Versailles. One of the king's primary objects was to have a magnificent new royal court and administrative center for the kingdom in a location protected from sea attack, and distant from the revolt-prone and congested city of Naples. To provide the king with suitable protection, troop barracks were housed within the palace.

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Italia Reggia di Caserta7 Visiting the Palace5

  1. 1. The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. Caserta is located 40 kilometres north of Naples
  2. 2. The apartment of Her Majesty Queen Maria Carolina is made up of four small rooms decorated in the rocaille style. German pieces of furniture, the apartment of Queen Maria Carolina is somehow frivolous and elegant The room of the ladies companion
  3. 3. The room of the ladies companion, also called Room of the conversation of the queen, has been frescoed by Fedele Fischetti, with The golden Age, in 1799
  4. 4. The second small room is known as the Gabinetto degli Stucchi, or Stuccowork Closet. The walls are decorated with mirrors embellished with garlands of flowers
  5. 5. The ceiling of the Gabinetto degli Stucchi, by Fedele Fiacchetti: La Toilette di Venere
  6. 6. The Room of the Ladies in Waiting Sala delle Donne di Corte
  7. 7. Maria Carolina of Austria (1752 –1814), sister of Marie Antoinette of France, was Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of King Ferdinand IV & III (as de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms) the Study of the queen
  8. 8. The walls of the Study of the queen are covered with satin and framed with mirrors produced at the royal factory in Castellammare
  9. 9. The chandelier in bronze and wood, embellished with little tomatoes which allude to the fertility of the land of Campania, is probably a work by Gennaro Fiore
  10. 10. Bathroom, Gabinetto per uso del bagno Pegasus and Nymphs, detail of panel painted on a gilded ground, bathroom of Maria Carolina
  11. 11. Ceiling decoration of the Bathroom of Maria Carolina (1752-1814), wife of Ferdinand IV
  12. 12. The Palatine Library founded by the queen Mary Caroline of Habsburg wife of Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, executed according to Vanvitelli’s design, is annexed to the Queen’s Apartments and is decorated by reliefs and frescoes that depict the zodiac signs and the constellations
  13. 13. The Palatine Library is made up of three rooms fitted with bookshelves and two reading rooms. The first room designed to hold books has a fresco depicting The Planisphere surrounded by the signs of the zodiac and by the constellations, created based on a design by Carlo Vanvitelli (1739-1821).
  14. 14. The first room of the Palatine Library
  15. 15. The ceiling of the first reading room of the Palatine Library
  16. 16. The Royal Palace at Caserta Reading room
  17. 17. The Royal Palace at Caserta Second Reading room
  18. 18. The Royal Palace at Caserta Second Reading room
  19. 19. The Royal Palace at Caserta Second Reading room Second Reading room detail© vincenzolerro
  20. 20. The third library room, with frescoes created by Heinrich Friedrich Füger and a pair of painted wooden globes created by Didier Robert de Vaugondy (1723-1786), one of the most renowned French geographers of the eighteenth century
  21. 21. The pair of globes, one terrestrial and the other celestial, was presumably acquired by Ferdinand IV of Bourbon (1751-1825) The shelves of the Palatine Library hold around ten thousand volumes. Queen Maria Carolina (1752-1814) worked hard to ensure the palace was endowed with a rich library, whose collections were then gradually expanded both in Murat's era and in the years preceding the Unification of Italy.
  22. 22. The School of Athens by Heinrich Friedrich Füger (1751-1818), on the wall to the right, is actually supposed to depict an initiation rite centred on unveiling a female statue, the symbol of Truth.
  23. 23. Heinrich Friedrich Füger (1751-1818) The Parnassus with Apollo and the Three Graces
  24. 24. From the third room of the library you enter the elliptical room, a large room without decorations, with original architectural solutions in the vault, designed to enhance the acoustics of the room originally intended for domestic theaters, for the daily life of the court. Currently it houses the Bourbon Nativity.
  25. 25. The Nativity Scene was a great passion of the noble Bourbon family, and it is thanks to them that the Nativity tradition spread from Naples to the rest of the world
  26. 26. The Neapolitan tradition of the crib is an ancient custom that was shared and maintained by the Bourbon monarchs
  27. 27. At Christmas, an enormous crib was set up in the Palace of Caserta. All the figurines were placed on the base of the structure, made of cork, and then moved to represent the traditional scenes including the Nativity, the angel appearing to the shepherds and the inn. The heads, hands and feet of the figurines are made of terracotta, whilst the body is in oakum and wire. The room also holds
  28. 28. The Pinacoteca’s (Painting Gallery's) interior is organized as a series of connected room that display countless works of still lives, war scenes, and portraits of the members of the Bourbon Dynasty
  29. 29. The first rooms house the so-called "Fasti Farnesiani" or "Farnesian splendours". Charles of Bourbon, born in 1716 from the second marriage of Philip V of Bourbon, King of Spain, to Elizabeth Farnese, Duchess of Parma, inherited, through his mother, the rich Farnese collection which he transferred from the Farnese residence to the confines of the Kingdom of Naples, which was conquered in 1734 Spolverini (1657-1734) Matrimonio di Elisabetta Farnese
  30. 30. Portraits of Elisabeth Farnese (1692-1766), Queen Consort of Spain
  31. 31. The Charles of Bourbon Room, dedicated to the founder of the dynasty of Neapolitan Bourbons Charles of Bourbon (1732) by Giulio and Vincenzo Foggini
  32. 32. Unknown Ferdinand I of Bourbon Josef Hickel (1736-1807) Maria Teresa d’Austria Unknown Maria Cristina di Savoia
  33. 33. P.V. Hanselaere, Maria Isabella, Infanta di Spagna, 1826Sala dei Borbone di Napoli, di Spagna e di Francia
  34. 34. Portrait of Maria Theresa of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1816- 1867), and Archduchess of Austria, painting by an unknown 19th century Neapolitan artist 
  35. 35. F.X. Winterhalter (1805-73) Maria Cristina di Borbone "genre painting" and "allegories" rooms
  36. 36. The royal palace has more than 40 monumental rooms decorated with frescoes. (By comparison, Versailles counts only 22 monumental rooms with frescoes)
  37. 37. The wing of the Pinacoteca dedicated to landscapes displays the Views of the ports of the Kingdom by Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737-1807) and paintings by various artists who were active at the Court of Naples, including Antonio Joli (1700-1777). J. P. Hackert, Il porto di Taranto
  38. 38. In the spring of 1788, King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon sent the painter, Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737-1807), to Apulia to capture in paintings and drawings all of the ports of the three furthest eastern provinces of the Kingdom of Naples: Capitanata, Terra di Bari and Terra di Otranto. The task, entrusted to Hackert, is a reminder of the celebrated commission by Louis XV, King of France, to the painter Claude Joseph Vernet, who created the views of the ports of France.
  39. 39. J. P. Hackert, Vedute dei porti del Regno di Napoli (1789 - 1793) detail
  40. 40. The Court Theatre, very similar to that of San Carlo in Naples, was designed by Luigi Vanvitelli only after 1756. Housed within the palace and for the exclusive use of the court, it was inaugurated in January of 1769 by the young royal couple, Ferdinand IV and Maria Carolina, as testified by the coats of arms on the ceiling
  41. 41. Fauna sounding the trumpet support the canopy of the royal box The central part of the ceiling is decorated with a fresco painted by Crescenzo La Gamba (1749-1783), depicting Apollo tramples the python underfoot, a symbol of vice
  42. 42. Sound: Domenico Scarlatti - 2 piano sonatas (K.9;K.27)- Michelangeli Helsinki Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu 2018