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Italia Reggia di Caserta4 Visiting the Palace2


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The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It is one of the largest palaces erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site; its nomination described it as "the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space".

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Italia Reggia di Caserta4 Visiting the Palace2

  1. 1. The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. Caserta is located 40 kilometres north of Naples
  2. 2. The palace has 5 floors, 1,200 rooms, including two dozen state apartments, a large library, and a theatre modeled after the Teatro San Carlo of Naples Contemporary observers noted that the Caserta surpassed all other royal palaces in Europe, including its models, on one particular aspect: the combination of completeness and stateliness. This is attributed to the spacious oval piazza in front of the edifice's south side Each floor measures approximately 47,000 m2, but considering the five floors, the whole palace measures 235,000 m2
  3. 3. Star Wars Day is a unique gift to Star Wars fans
  4. 4. The room of the Halberdiers The room has a terracotta tile floor with encaustic decoration for a faux-marble effect, created using an ancient local production technique. The walls display trophies and arms, whilst the lintels are in the form of female scagliola busts, representing allegories of the arts
  5. 5. The ceiling of the first antechamber of the King's apartments is decorated with a fresco depicting The arms of the House of Bourbon supported by Virtue, painted in 1789 by Domenico Mondo (1723-1806)
  6. 6. Consoles on which stand marble busts of the Bourbon queens
  7. 7. "The Room of the Bodyguards" - the second antechamber is also called the "Room of Stuccoes" for its rich decoration. On the walls are 12 bas-reliefs made between 1786 and 1789 depicting scenes from the second Punic War
  8. 8. Scenes from the second Punic War
  9. 9. The ceiling is decorated with a fresco depicting The Glory of the Prince and the twelve provinces of the Kingdom, by Girolamo Starace Franchis (1730-1794). To the Right is a statue of Alessandro Farnese dressed as a Roman commander being crowned for the victory over the people of Flanders and returning them to Roman Catholisism. The statue is by Simone Moschino.
  10. 10. Statue of Alessandro Farnese
  11. 11. The Alexander Room is the third antechamber of the King's apartments, dedicated to the famous Macedonian warrior. The frescoes on the ceiling were created in 1787 by Mariano Rossi with The Marriage of Alexander the Great and Roxana, to exalt the peace and prosperity of the kingdom. The six lintels by Tito Angelini and Gennaro Calì are also dedicated to Alexander the Great.
  12. 12. The Alexander Room - The Victory of Charles of Bourbon at the Battle of Velletri
  13. 13. The room dedicated to Mars, god of war monumental goblet in agate alabaster and serpentine marble, given to Ferdinand II of Bourbon by Pope Pius IX for the hospitality he received during the period of the Roman Republic (1848-1849)
  14. 14. Clock by the Courvoisier Frères encased in a female marble bust, perhaps representing Ariadne, wife of the god Dionysus, the bronze tiara crowning her head now lost
  15. 15. The room dedicated to Mars, god of war, was used as an "antechamber for nobility, barons of the Kingdom, senior officials and foreign intendants".
  16. 16. Mars room
  17. 17. The decoration of the room was commissioned by Gioacchino Murat, who selected the architect Antonio de Simone, with the aim of celebrating the military might of the French who had brought the Kingdom of Naples under Bourbon control
  18. 18. Mars room
  19. 19. Mars room
  20. 20. The ceiling fresco depicting The Triumph of Mars (1814) by Antonio Galliano
  21. 21. Mars room
  22. 22. Mars room
  23. 23. Mars room
  24. 24. Recently re-opened back rooms present interesting artefacts from the Palace collection, some on public display for the first time. These include the stucco models for the sophisticated reliefs in the Mars and Astraea rooms, some precious neoclassical small bronzes, and the wooden models for spaces in the Royal Palace. Mars room ceiling
  25. 25. The Astraea Room, once an "antechamber for professional gentlemen, ambassadors, secretaries of state and other privileged persons", takes its name from the ceiling painting The Triumph of Astraea, goddess of justice, a work by the French painter, Jacques Berger.
  26. 26. The Astraea Room
  27. 27. The gilded stucco reliefs of Minerva as Reason between Stability and Legislation, a work by Valerio Villareale, and Astraea with Hercules and the provinces of the Kingdom, a work by Domenico Masucci, were placed on the end walls, which are decorated with faux marble, in 1822.
  28. 28. Hercules holds the Bourbon lily in one hand to symbolise the union between the two families of Farnese and Bourbon; in the centre Astraea carries a set of scales and a pendulum, symbols of justice and equilibrium; on the right is the personification of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
  29. 29. Astraea carries a set of scales and a pendulum, symbols of justice and equilibrium
  30. 30. The Triumph of Astraea, goddess of justice by Jacques Berger
  31. 31. The Astraea Room
  32. 32. The Astraea Room
  33. 33. The Astraea Room
  34. 34. The Astraea Room
  35. 35. The Astraea Room
  36. 36. The Astraea Room
  37. 37. The Astraea Room
  38. 38. Sala del Consiglio
  39. 39. Table in neo-baroque style by Raffaele Giovine, with porcelain medallions
  40. 40. Cornelia mother of the Gracchi by Francesco Oliva
  41. 41. Abraham cast out Hagar and Ishmael in the presence of Sarah and Isaac by Raffaele Postiglione
  42. 42. Sala del Consiglio
  43. 43. Sala del Consiglio Pallas rewards the Arts and Sciences through the Genius of Glory fresco by Giuseppe Cammarano
  44. 44. Sound: Emma Shapplin - Il Quinto Cielo; Vento (with Gianni Morandi) Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu 2018