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Italia Reggia di Caserta1 The garden

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The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It is one of the largest palaces erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site; its nomination described it as "the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space".
Imagined by Luigi Vanvitelli as a spectacular completion of the Reggia, the garden extends over 120 hectares of gently sloping land towards the Briano hill. Although the design was resized, it remains an extraordinary example of landscape design, enriched by pleasant places, fountains and water games

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Italia Reggia di Caserta1 The garden

  1. 1. The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples
  2. 2. Imagined by Luigi Vanvitelli as a spectacular completion of the Palace, it extends over 120 hectares of gently sloping land towards the Briano hill. Although the design was resized, it remains an extraordinary example of landscape design, enriched by pleasant places, fake ruins, fountains and water games The palace was listed as a world heritage site in 1997. According to the rationale, the palace, "whilst cast in the same mould as other 18th century royal establishments, is exceptional for the broad sweep of its design, incorporating not only an imposing palace and park, but also much of the surrounding natural landscape and an ambitious new town laid out according to the urban planning precepts of its time."
  3. 3. The Royal Palace of Caserta (Reggia di Caserta) is one of the largest palaces erected in Europe during the 18th century. The construction of the palace was begun in 1752 for Charles VII of Naples, who worked closely with his architect, Luigi Vanvitelli.
  4. 4. The political and social model for Vanvitelli's palace was Versailles. Like its French predecessor, the palace was intended to display the power and grandeur of an absolute Bourbon monarchy
  5. 5. Details of Dolphin fountain in Royal Palace garden in Caserta (1773–80)
  6. 6. Details of the fountain of Margarita
  7. 7. Details of the fountain of Margarita
  8. 8. Fontana di Cerere © N i c o l a
  9. 9. The Margaret  and Dolphin  fountains are followed by four fountains inspired by legend: the Fountain of Aeolus, the Fountain of Ceres, the Fountain of Venus and Adonis, and the Fountain of Diana and Acteon The Fountain of Ceres
  10. 10. Fountain of Venus and Adonis 
  11. 11. Fountain of Venus and Adonis 
  12. 12. Fountain of Venus and Adonis 
  13. 13. Fountain of Venus and Adonis and the River Road  The garden is most famous for its River Road, originally planned to run 30 km to Naples
  14. 14. The cascade which launched the project of the River Road is an operatic conception with a fall of 78m
  15. 15. The cascade and the Fountain of Diana and Acteon
  16. 16. Acteon, transformed by Diana into a stag, is hunted to death by his own hounds
  17. 17. Diana, offended to be seen naked by a mortal, punishes  Actaeon and turns him into a stag
  18. 18. Diana  goddess of the fertility of the fields, surrounded by her eight nymphs
  19. 19. The basin plays an enormously important role in Vanvitelli’s project: in fact, it receives the water that gushes from a grotto eight meters above it and is conveyed into the basin by means of the Carolino conduit, the complex plumbing designed and constructed specifically to feed the entire system of the Park’s “water Way”
  20. 20. Fourteen statues of hunters and nymphs ornate the balustrade in front of the fountain’s large basin
  21. 21. Sound: Chiara Zeffirelli Opera Trance - Cuor Senza Sangue (Odji De C.) Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018

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