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Italia Paestum2 Museum storeroom

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Paestum is a unique archaeological site, not just due to the presence of the three exceptionally well-preserved temples, but also due to the historical landscape in which it is situated. With its three magnificent large Doric temples, Paestum became a well-known site thanks to the 18th century engravings by Piranesi and Goethe’s impressive descriptions in his Italian Journey. However Paestum is also renowned for its tombs decorated with painted scenes

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Italia Paestum2 Museum storeroom

  1. 1. With its three magnificent large Doric temples, Paestum became a well-known site thanks to the 18th century engravings by Piranesi and Goethe’s impressive descriptions in his Italian Journey Founded by Ancient Greeks, the site hosts three amazing ancient Greek temples
  2. 2. However Paestum is also renowned for its tombs decorated with painted scenes. During excavations in the 1960s, around 200 richly painted tombs from the Lucanian period (4th century B.C.) were disco-vered in a small necro-polis about a kilometre north immediately outside the city walls. The tombs were painted on the inside with scenes depicting funerals and the passage of the dead into the underworld. They were executed on site right after the four slabs had been put in place in the pit.
  3. 3. These paintings were executed using a technique resembling fresco. A thin layer of plaster was applied to a smoothed travertine slab. This style of tomb decoration blossomed under the Lucanians, a native people from mainland Italy who took over the city around 400 B.C. The scenes depict funerary games and rituals; the deceased on his/her deathbed, chariot racing, hunting scenes and duals between men
  4. 4. The museum houses many tomb paintings from the area
  5. 5. At 10am, noon, and 2pm on Fridays from March to August, the museum offers guided tours (in Italian and English) of its storeroom, which contains about 400 painted panels from the 4th and 3rd centuries BC
  6. 6. A horse carrying a small dog
  7. 7. Scenes evoking military and sporting prowess seem to be particularly popular for the tombs of men, while for female burials there are depictions of cortèges of mourners attending to the deceased, drawn in a distinctive style with careful touches of pink to enhance features like grief-stricken cheeks and muscular torsos
  8. 8. Pomegranates abound here
  9. 9. all manner of creatures adorn the frescoed panels
  10. 10. The Greeks buried their dead outside the city walls in necropolises (literally, “cities of the dead”). The tombs and grave goods reflected the social status of the deceased’s family, as well as the expectations and values of the community. In later burials, when Poseidonia was dominated by peoples from inland mountainous regions (the Lucanians), there was an emphasis on the military role of deceased males who were buried with weapons and often with armour (helmet, shield and greaves). The nature of the burials of armed warriors led to the notion of the “return of the warrior”, associated with portrayals of chariot races, boxing and duels which refer to the funeral games held in honour of the deceased
  11. 11. Sound: Petros Tabouris – Askaulos; Cane flute (KALAMOS) ancient Greek music Text: Internet Pictures & Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners 2018

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