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Italia Napoli Walks in the city4

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Naples is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. In 2017, around 967,069 people lived within the city's administrative limits while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,115,320 residents.
First settled by Greeks in the second millennium BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world. In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope was established on the Island of Megaride, later refounded as Neápolis in the sixth century BC.

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Italia Napoli Walks in the city4

  1. 1. Isabella d´Aragona, di Francesco Laurana 1487-88 Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum
  2. 2. The Centro Storico (Historic Centre) is the original core of the ancient city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995. The orthogonal grid of the Greek foundation of Neapolis is still discernible and continues to provide the basic form for the present day urban structure of the city centre. Spaccanapoli is the road artery of the district that divides Naples in two halves and one of the east-to-west streets from the original Greco-Roman city. The name is a popular usage and means, literally, "Naples splitter". Today, the street officially starts at Piazza Gesù Nuovo and is officially named Via Benedetto Croce. From piazza del Gesú to the end of via Benedetto Croce, there is San Domenico Maggiore Church. Built in 1283, and commissioned by King Charles of Anjou for the Dominicans order, the church is an example of  Gothic style.  The basilica has been subjected to many changes during the centuries compromising the original spaces.  Here worked many of Italy's finest sculptors from Tino da Camaino to Cosimo Fanzago, and painters, from Pietro Cavallini to Titian, Michelangelo da Caravaggio and Luca Giordano Piazza Gesù San Domenico Piazza Dante
  3. 3. Piazza del Gesú
  4. 4. PIAZZA SAN DOMENICO This small and lively square along Spaccanapoli street, is ornated with the 18th- century Guglia di San Domenico (spire)
  5. 5. In the background of the piazza, the sheer size of the Chiesa di San Domenico Maggiore whose actual entrance is on the other side of the building facing an inner courtyard
  6. 6. Piazza San Domenico Maggiore Guglia di San Domenico (spire) designed by Francesco Antonio Picchiatti, Cosimo Fanzago, and Domenico Antonio Vaccaro to honour St Dominic for stopping the plague epidemic of 1656
  7. 7. San Domenico Maggiore Church For this church, the famous Flagellation  (1607-09) by Caravaggio was commissioned and also Annunciation  (1557) by Titian which is in the first chapel on the left side of the transept.  Both paintings are on display at the Capodimonte Museum.  In the church hangs copies of these paintings
  8. 8. Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian, 1571-1610) La Flagellazione di Cristo 286 cm × 213 cm
  9. 9. Titian (1490–1576) The Annunciation
  10. 10. Titian (1490–1576) The Annunciation
  11. 11. The Machine for the Forty Hours is a complex liturgical apparatus that was used for the adoration of the Eucharistic Sacrament over a period of 40 hours, the time Christ spent in the tomb
  12. 12. San Domenico Maggiore Church
  13. 13. 13thcentury Marco Pino (1521-1582) Battesimo di Cristo, 1564
  14. 14. The Sacristy of San Domenico Maggiore
  15. 15. The impressive Sacristy of San Domenico Maggiore, in a suspended gateway close to the vault, contains 38 wooden coffins, or “arks”, with the bodies of 10 Aragonese princes and other Neapolitan nobles, who died in the 15th and 16th centuries.   The sarcophagi, richly dressed in doxycycline generic clothes made of silk, brocade and other material, are distributed in two rows, one above the other.  The smaller coffins of the lower row are generally of anonymous individuals, while the larger coffins of the upper row are identified by the coats-of-arms and the names of the personages buried inside
  16. 16. The sacristy houses a series of sepulchres of members of the royal Aragonese family, including that of King Ferdinand I. The remains of the Blessed Raymond of Capua, a former Master General of the Dominican Order, also rest there. Coffins of members of the royal Aragonese family (covered in red, upper level). The green one is of Isabella d'Aragona, Duchess of Milan (1525), who had Leonard da Vinci at her court
  17. 17. Vault of the sacristy, fresco Triumph of the Faith in the Dominican Order by Francesco Solimena
  18. 18. The majority of the individuals had been embalmed and this is certainly not surprising, considering the high social class of the individuals buried in San Domenico.  From the physician Ulisse Aldrovandi we know that during the Renaissance "the European kings and great personages used to entrust embalming of their bodies to their doctors and surgeons" (Aldrovandi 1602). The very complex evisceration and embalming methods indicate long-practiced and diffused customs but some well preserved individuals show no apparent signs of embalming. In this case the natural mummification of the bodies can probably be attributed to the very dry microclimatic conditions of the Basilica.   The mummies of San Domenico Maggiore are unique in Italy not only for the antiquity and excellent state of preservation of the bodies, but also for the fame of the personages, whose lives and causes of death are well known.  King Ferrante II, for example, died of malaria, while the Marquis of Pescara died of pulmonary tuberculosis.  The possibility of comparing the paleopathological with the historical data provided extremely interesting results
  19. 19. Palazzo Saluzzo di Corigliano and Guglia di San Domenico (spire)
  20. 20. Over the centuries, the Church of San Domenico has undergone several transformations and radical restoration after earthquakes and fires, or because of changes in taste
  21. 21. GugliadiSanDomenico (detail)
  22. 22. Guglia di San Domenico (detail)
  23. 23. S. Agnese
  24. 24. B.Margarita
  25. 25. San Domenico Nilo
  26. 26. PiazzaSanDomenicoMaggioreCornoNapoletano (badluckfortunasfortuna) InstallationoftheartistLelloEsposito
  27. 27. Piazzetta Nilo church Sant'Angel (Sant'Angelo a Nilo)
  28. 28. Sant'Angelo a Nilo takes its name from the Egyptian Nile, which was venerated here by the Egyptian merchants
  29. 29. Begun in 1385 as a chapel, the current appearance dates from a 1709 rebuilding
  30. 30. Sant'Angelo a Nilo is a Roman Catholic church located on the Decumano Inferiore (Spaccanapoli street). It stands diagonally across from San Domenico Maggiore. It is known for containing the monumental Rennaissance-style tomb of Cardinal Rainaldo Brancacci by Donatello and Michelozzo, one of the major sculptural works in the city.
  31. 31. Piazzetta Nilo
  32. 32. Palazzo Sangro di Vietri Via San Domenico Maggiore
  33. 33. Piazzetta Nilo
  34. 34. The Statue of the Nile God is an Ancient Roman, likely Hellenistic, marble statue dating from the 2nd to 3rd century A.C.
  35. 35. Sound: Dmitri Hvorostovsky - Dicitencello vuie (Falvo); Musica Proibita Op 5; A Vucchella Arietta di Posillipo (P.Tosti) Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Marcello Erardi Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018

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