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Italia Amalfi4 Il chiostro del paradiso

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Amalfi is the main town of the coast on which it is located, named Costiera Amalfitana (Amalfi Coast), and is today an important tourist destination together with other towns on the same coast, such as Positano, Ravello and others. Amalfi is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
At the top of a staircase, Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Duomo) overlooks the Piazza Duomo, the heart of Amalfi. The cathedral dates back to the 11th century; The Chiostro del Paradiso ("Cloister of Paradise") was built by Filippo Augustariccio between 1266 and 1268 and was used as a burial ground for noble families of Amalfi. It is now a true open-air museum, with Roman and medieval pillars, sarcophagi depicting mythological subjects, fragments of a Byzantine period pulpit from the Basilica of the Crucifix, (dating from 1174 – 1202) and fresco fragments

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Italia Amalfi4 Il chiostro del paradiso

  1. 1. The Amalfi Coast boasts one of the most stunning views in Italy What stands out amongst Amalfi's many riches is without a doubt the magnificent Cathedral, a true jubilation of art dedicated to Sant'Andrea patron of the city The Tuscan poet and writer Renato Fucini (1843-1921) once wrote, “Judgment Day will feel like any other day to the people of Amalfi who will go to Paradise.”
  2. 2. From the Cathedral’s atrium you can access the Chiostro del Paradiso, built in Arabic style formed by columns and arches that frame palm-filled gardens
  3. 3. The Chiostro del Paradiso ("Cloister of Paradise"): the name reflects the original function of the space. In the 13th century, this was the cemetery for the noble merchants of Amalfi
  4. 4. The Chiostro del Paradiso ("Cloister of Paradise")
  5. 5. The Chiostro del Paradiso ("Cloister of Paradise") was built by Filippo Augustariccio between 1266 and 1268 and was used as a burial ground for noble families of Amalfi. The white columns and pointed arches reflect the clear influence that the Arab world had on Amalfi, similar to those found in the courts of the palaces of the Middle East. It is a true open-air museum, with Roman and medieval pillars, classical sarcophaguses, reused for burial of eminent people, fragments of a Byzantine period pulpit (dating from 1174 – 1202) and fresco fragments
  6. 6. The remains of a Byzantine period pulpit (1174 – 1202) and a sarcophagus 2nd-century AD
  7. 7. Fragments of the ambons of Archbishop Dionysios late 12th-beginning of the 13th century
  8. 8. The remains of a Byzantine period pulpit (dating from 1174 – 1202), featuring inlaid mosaics of the Cosmati school. Cosmati work, type of mosaic technique that was practiced by Roman decorators and architects in the 12th and 13th centuries, in which tiny triangles and squares of coloured stone (red porphyry, green serpen-tine, and white and other coloured marbles) and glass paste were arranged in patterns and combined with large, stone disks and strips to produce geometric designs 
  9. 9. The ambons commissioned by Archbishop Dionysios (1174-1202) was dismembered at the beginning of the ‘700, as a result of the modernization of the church wanted by Archbishop Michele Bologna
  10. 10. The Cosmati were a Roman family, seven members of which, for four generations, were skilful architects, sculptors and workers in decorative geometric mosaic, mostly for church floors.
  11. 11. Their name is commemorated in the genre of Cosmatesque work, often just called "Cosmati", a technique of opus sectile ("cut work") formed of elaborate inlays of small triangles and rectangles of colored stones and glass mosaics set into stone matrices or encrusted upon stone surfaces. 
  12. 12. Initial inspiration for the technique was Byzantine, transmitted through Ravenna and Sicily, but some of the minutely-figured tiling patterns are Islamic in origin, transmitted through Sicily
  13. 13. Box sarcophagus for infant burial featured a Eroti representation during an initiation to the Dionysian mysteries (3rd century A.D.)
  14. 14. Box sarcophagus carved in high relief illustrating the Union of Mars with Rhea Silvia (2nd century A.D.) In the 13th century used as a tumulus of a Archdeacon of Amalfi Cesario de Alanio
  15. 15. Box sarcophagus decorated in high relief illustrates the Abduction of Proserpine (2nd century A.D.)
  16. 16. Moorish style interlaced arches, supported by 120 slender columns
  17. 17. Duomo’s campanile, which was started before 1180 and completed in 1276
  18. 18. Sarcophagus 3rd century A.D.
  19. 19. Sepulchral plate 1462 Yucca gigantea – Spineless Yucca
  20. 20. Washingtonia is a palm tree 
  21. 21. The Cloister of Paradise was built as a tomb for the Amalfi aristocracy, between 1266 and 1268, for the will of the Archbishop Filippo Augustariccio. In order to build the cloister, the left aisle of the Crucifix Basilica was demolished to create the square colonnaded plan structure enclosing the little garden. Along the perimeter there are several chapels commissioned by the most important noble families of Amalfi, covered by frescoes, sculptural and marble furniture.
  22. 22. Chapel of Saint Andrew (14th century frescoes and stuccoes) Niches in the right-hand walking have damaged frescoes (chapels built by patrons between the 12th and 14th centuries)
  23. 23. The chapel of Salvatore (second half of the 13th century frescoes and stuccoes)
  24. 24. At the back, is a small chapel a magnificent “Crucifixion” from the school of Giotto (Roberto D’Oderisio). 
  25. 25. Chapel of Crucifixion  The fresco is similar in style to the Giotto School, and has been attributed to Roberto d’Oderisio, artist trained into Neapolitan Giottesque environment and mentioned by the king of Naples, Carlo III from Durazzo, as proto-painter of the court in 1382, as successful completion of the long and virtuos career
  26. 26. Chapel of Saint Cosma and Damian (second half of the 13th century frescoes and stuccoes) From the Cloister you enter the Basilica of the Crucifix, which was the first church on the site dating back to 596 AD. It was the primary church in Amalfi until the current Cathedral was built in 1100. Now you will find the Cathedral Museum located in this beautiful medieval space
  27. 27. Sound: Pina Cipriani - Quanno nascette ninno (Sant'Alfonso Maria de Liguori )- fragment Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2018

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