New Zealand From East to West Coast2


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The journey from the east to the west coast through Arthur’s Pass is spectacular by road, or rail, and the Transalpine train, which makes the journey across and back each day, has an open-air viewing carriage to make the most of the views.
We continue from Darfield to Tasman Sea.

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  • Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand, as well as being a relatively common self-reference. The name derives from the kiwi, a flightless bird, which is native to, and the national symbol of, New Zealand. The usage is not offensive, being treated with pride and endearment as a uniquely recognizable term for the people of New Zealand.
  • History The first New Zealanders to be widely known as Kiwis were the military. The Regimental Signs for all New Zealand regiments feature the kiwi, including those that fought in the Second Boer War, then with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps in World War I. Much of the interaction between regiments and locals was done under the respective Regimental Sign, and the kiwi came to mean first the men of regiments and then all New Zealanders. Due to the relative isolation of New Zealand, many troops stayed in Europe (particularly at Beacon Hill, near Bulford on the Salisbury Plain, where they carved a chalk kiwi into the hill in 1918) for months or years until transport home could be arranged. The Oxford English Dictionary gives the first use of the 'Kiwi' to mean 'New Zealander' in 1918, in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force Chronicles. The nickname 'Kiwis' for New Zealand servicemen eventually became common usage in all war theatres
  • Following World War II the term was gradually attributed to all New Zealanders and today, throughout the world they are referred to as Kiwis, as well as often referring to themselves that way. Spelling of the word Kiwi, when used to describe the people, is often capitalized, and takes the plural form Kiwis. The bird's name is spelt with a lower-case k and, being a word of Māori origin, normally stays as kiwi when pluralized. Thus, two Kiwis refers to two people, whereas two kiwi refers to two birds. This linguistic nicety is well exemplified by the BNZ Save the Kiwi Conservation Trust, which uses the slogan "Kiwis saving kiwi".
  • New Zealand From East to West Coast2

    1. 1.
    2. 2. The Maori call NewZealand, Aotearoa whichmeans “The land of thelong white cloud”.New Zealand is located inOceania, in the SouthPacific Ocean.The official languages inNew Zealand are Englishand Maori.The Capital city of NewZealand is Wellington,located on the NorthIsland.
    3. 3. The journey from the east tothe west coast throughArthurs Pass is spectacularby road, or rail, and theTranzalpine train, whichmakes the journey acrossand back each day, has anopen-air viewing carriage tomake the most of the views
    4. 4. The journey from the east to the west coast through Arthurs Pass is spectacular by road, orrail, and the Tranzalpine train, which makes the journey across and back each day, has anopen-air viewing carriage to make the most of the views. Its perhaps the most scenic train ridein New Zealand, and one of the most scenic train trips anywhere in the world.
    5. 5. The TranzAlpine, run by New Zealand train operator Tranz Scenic, runs once daily betweenChristchurch, Arthurs Pass and Greymouth on the South Islands west coast, through the amazingmisty mountain scenery of the Southern Alps. We take the train from Darfield to Arthur Pass
    6. 6. From your carriage you’ll see the fields of the Canterbury Plains and farmland, followed by thespectacular gorges and river valleys of the Waimakariri River.
    7. 7. The Waimakariri River flows for 151 kilometres in a generally southeastward direction from theSouthern Alps across the Canterbury Plains to the Pacific Ocean. The river rises on the easternflanks of the Southern Alps, eight kilometres southwest of Arthurs Pass. For much of its upperreaches, the river is braided, with wide shingle beds.
    8. 8. A braided river is one of a number of channel types and has a channel that consists of a networkof small channels separated by small and often temporary islands called braid bars or, in Britishusage, aits or eyots. Braided streams occur in rivers with high slope and/or large sediment load
    9. 9. Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) wereintroduced from California in the 1900s and persist today
    10. 10. Arthur’s Pass is a tiny town on the way to the west coast of the southisland. While the west coast town of Greymouth which is only 40 milesaway gets over 240 inches of rain a year, Arthur’s pass gets only about 40inches. Standing in Arthur’s pass you can see the storm clouds over thewest coast mountains, dumping their rain before moving over the plains ofArthur’s Pass.
    11. 11. The tiny alpine Arthurs Pass Village, 154kilometres from Christchurch, sits in asteep-sided valley on a dramaticmountain pass through the southern alps,the base for climbing and tramping in therugged Arthurs Pass National Park.Arthurs Pass is the highest pass over theSouthern Alps
    12. 12. The Kura Tawhiti park, a sacred spot for the local Maori tribe, the Ngai Tahu is located here.There are 53 Maori tribes in New Zealand, but the Ngai Tahuhas the largest tribal land area which covers almost all of thesouth island.
    13. 13. This park is famous because of its limestone rocks that stickout of the ground. The Maori often see animal shapes innature and one of the rocks here looks like the head of a turtle.
    14. 14. In New Zealand, there are over 18 peakshigher than 3,000 meters (about 9,000 feet)and over 360 glaciers gouge their waydownward from these peaks.
    15. 15. Long before surveyor Arthur Dudley Dobsonfound his way over the pass in 1864, it wasknown to Maori hunting parties as a routebetween east and west.
    16. 16. The eastern side of Arthurs Pass National Park is characterised by wide, shingle-filled riverbedsand vast beech forests. The western side of the park, where wet weather is more common thandry, has deeply gorged rivers flowing through dense rainforest. Down the middle of the greatdivide is an alpine dreamland of snow-covered peaks, glaciers and scree slopes.
    17. 17. Otira is a small township sevenkilometres north of Arthurs Pass.Above the town is the Otira Viaduct.Completed in 1999, it spans a 440-metre stretch of unstable land,replacing a narrow, winding, dangerousroad that was prone to avalanches,slips and closures.
    18. 18. Arthur’s Pass National Park isin the heart of the SouthernAlps/Kā Tiritiri o te Moana. Itshigh mountains with largescree slopes, steep gorgesand wide braided rivers,straddles the main divide –the ‘back bone’ of the SouthIsland – between Canterburyand the West Coast.
    19. 19. HOKITIKASituated by the sea, the town and area is famous for local artists working in jade, gold,driftwood, timber, clay, shell, bone, fibres and paint! The area boasts talented craft artists;sculptors, jewellers, painters and poets that choose to make this inspirational area their home.Hokitika is also home to the famous Wild Foods Festival, which is held in March each year andattracts visitors from around New Zealand and the world.
    20. 20. Offering New Zealands largest range of quality andaffordable Pounamu/Jade carvings and sculptures, thecarvers at the Jade Factory in Hokitika work exclusivelywith Pounamu
    21. 21. THE BUSHMANS CENTRELocated in the tiny township of Pukekuranear Lake Ianthe, this is a really fun placeto stop for a driver reviver with adifference! This unique tourist attractionhas a cafe that caters for breakfast andlunch, a museum with live possums thatyou can see and feed, live eels and a wildpig, plus a shop full of interesting andunique souvenirs.
    22. 22. Pukekura (in Maori translates toBlue hill) west coasts smallesttown (population 2) was built in aclearing cut out of tall nativeRimu forest.
    23. 23. Close to the coast and near the ruralsettlements of Pukekura and HariHari, the lake Ianthe is popular forboating, swimming, and trout fishing
    24. 24. Mt. Cook or Aoraki as the Maori call it is the tallest mountain in NewZealand. It is 3, 755 meters tall. Aoraki in Maori means cloud catcherand most of the time it is catching clouds and you cannot see the summitof the mountain.
    25. 25. All Maori consider this a sacred mountain.Sir Edmund Hillary was the first man to climb theworld’s highest mountain- Mt. Everest with hisguide Tenzing Norling. Hillary trained on Mt. Cookbefore his attempt to climb Mt.Everest.
    26. 26. The west shore, Tasman Sea located betweenAustralia and New Zealand.
    27. 27. Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Doina Grigoraş Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authorsSound: Maori Kapa Haka Kiri te Kanawa - Piki Mai Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu